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Delinquency and juvenile justice in American society

Author: Randall G Shelden
Publisher: Long Grove, Ill. : Waveland, ©2006.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"This textbook encourages students to think critically about the causes of delinquency and possible solutions - and to make certain that arguments are grounded in facts not myth. The author provides a solid link between the history of juvenile delinquency and contemporary juvenile issues. Unique to this book is a chapter on social inequality, an essential topic for understanding delinquency and crime. The special  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Shelden, Randall G., 1943-
Delinquency and juvenile justice in American society.
Long Grove, Ill. : Waveland, ©2006
(OCoLC)607880043
Online version:
Shelden, Randall G., 1943-
Delinquency and juvenile justice in American society.
Long Grove, Ill. : Waveland, ©2006
(OCoLC)610008071
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Randall G Shelden
ISBN: 1577663993 9781577663997
OCLC Number: 62734733
Description: xiv, 498 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: pt. I. The nature and extent of delinquency --
1. Delinquency and juvenile justice in historical perspective --
The invention of childhood --
Little adults --
Literacy --
Schools --
Punishment of children in the colonies --
Parens patriae --
Defining a juvenile delinquent --
The house of refuge movement --
Changing conceptions of delinquency --
Ex Parte Crouse : court decisions and effects --
People v. Turner --
Mid-nineteenth century reforms --
Late-nineteenth century reforms --
The child saving movement and the juvenile court --
Delinquency, public schools, and industry --
Twentieth-century developments in juvenile justice --
Summary --
Notes --
2. The extent of delinquency --
Measuring delinquency --
FBI Uniform Crime Reports --
Index crimes --
Part II crimes --
Critique of the FBI report --
How much delinquency is there? --
Arrest figures --
Racial and gender differences --
Juvenile court statistics --
Self-report studies --
Juveniles as victims --
Child abuse and neglect --
Juvenile victims of crime --
Victimization surveys --
Delinquent careers --
Summary --
Notes --
3. The nature of delinquency --
Varieties of delinquent behavior --
Property crimes --
Shoplifting --
Vandalism --
Graffiti --
Joyriding --
Violent crimes --
The demographic fallacy : more kids does not equal more crime --
Gang violence : a special case --
The code of the streets --
Other assaults : a real or contrived increase --
Public order offenses --
Status offenses --
Runaways --
Summary --
Notes --
4. Youth gangs --
A brief history --
What is a gang? --
How many gangs and gang members are there? --
Gangs and crime --
Gang and gang member typologies --
Types of gangs --
Types of gang members --
Gang classifications --
The supergangs of Chicago : people and folks --
Hybrid gangs --
Chicano gangs --
Asian gangs --
African-American gangs --
White gangs --
Summary --
Notes --
5. Female delinquency --
The extent of female delinquency --
Recent trends : national arrest data --
Self-report surveys --
The nature of female delinquency --
Shoplifting : the prototypical girls' crime? --
Status offenses --
Runaways --
Prostitution --
Girls and violence --
Relabeling status offenses --
Aggression and gender --
Girls and robbery --
Summary --
Notes. pt. II. Explaining delinquency --
6. Individualistic theories of delinquency --
The classical school --
Deterrence theory --
Rational choice theory --
The crime control and due process models --
The positivist school --
Biological theories --
Criminality as an inherited trait --
Gene warfare --
Psychological theories --
Feeblemindedness and crime --
Psychoanalytic theories --
Personality trait theories --
Mental illness and crime --
Summary --
Notes --
7. Sociological theories of delinquency --
Social disorganization/social ecology theory --
Strain theory --
Crime and the American dream --
Differential opportunity structures --
Social embeddedness --
Cultural deviance theories --
Cohen's culture of the gang --
Lower-class focal concerns --
Control theory --
Social learning theory --
The labeling perspective --
Critical/Marxist perspectives --
Summary --
Notes --
8. Delinquency in context : inequality in U.S. society --
The capitalist economic system --
Recent changes in the U.S. economy --
The development of the underclass --
Poverty and family structure --
Effects of economic changes on delinquency --
The death of childhood in the inner cities --
Summary --
Notes --
9. Delinquency and the family --
The family in contemporary society --
Family breakdown as a cause of delinquency --
Broken homes --
Family relationships --
Parenting styles --
The social context of the family --
Girl offenders and their families --
Gang members and their families --
Children with parents in prison --
Summary --
Notes --
10. Schools and delinquency --
Schooling in a class society --
Schools as "day prisons" and "zero tolerance" policies --
How safe are schools? --
Statistics versus fears --
Suspension and expulsion --
Reinforcing class and race inequality : follow the money --
Tracking --
School failure and delinquency --
Falling behind and dropping out --
Contributing factors --
Crime in the schools --
Gangs and schools --
Summary --
Notes. pt. III. Responses to delinquency --
11. Processing offenders through the juvenile justice system : the police and juvenile court --
Juvenile laws --
The rights of juveniles --
Juvenile court : the structure --
Juvenile justice : the process --
Initial contact : the police --
Police discretion and juveniles --
Juvenile court processing --
Race, the "war on drugs," and referrals to juvenile court --
The importance of social class : the "saints" and the "roughnecks" --
The intake process and the decision to detain --
Adjudication --
Keeping offenders from further penetration --
Diversion --
Widening the net or true alternatives? --
Probation --
Giving up on delinquent youth : transfer to adult court --
Summary --
Notes --
12. Prisons or "correctional" institutions : what's in a name? --
Commitment to an institution --
Short-term facilities --
Adult jails --
Detention centers --
Shelter care facilities --
Girls and boys town : a unique case --
Long-term facilities --
Reception and diagnostic centers --
Ranches and forestry camps --
Boot camps --
Institutional populations --
Racial composition of juvenile institutions --
Some effects of incarceration : the inmate social system and victimization --
The social system of institutions for girls --
The California Youth Authority : a notorious example --
A failed treatment program --
High recidivism rates plague juvenile prisons --
Barriers to reentry --
Aftercare/parole for ex-juvenile offenders --
Intensive aftercare programs --
Summary --
Notes --
13. The double standard of juvenile justice --
The child-saving movement and the juvenile court --
The reformers --
The girl-saving movement --
The juvenile court and the double standard of juvenile justice --
Deinstitutionalization and judicial paternalism --
The conservative backlash --
The 1992 reauthorization of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act --
Continuing evidence of gender bias --
Getting into the system --
Girls on the streets --
Gender and delinquency referrals --
Comparing girls and boys in court --
Girls under lock and key --
Girls, race, and the new double standard of juvenile justice --
Summary --
Notes --
14. Recent trends : getting tough on juveniles --
The formal punishment of children --
The cycle of juvenile delinquency and justice --
Juveniles incarcerated in adult penitentiaries --
The ultimate penalty --
The adolescent brain --
Juvenile death sentences --
The case of Roper v. Simmons --
Zero tolerance --
Why have we become so punitive? --
The conservative philosophy and religious fundamentalism --
Social and political factors --
Getting tough on youth gangs --
Law enforcement --
Prosecution --
The courts --
Legislatures --
A word about boot camps --
Summary --
Notes --
15. Some sensible solutions --
Thinking outside the box --
Reclaiming youth at risk : an alternative way of framing the problem --
Radical nonintervention --
Resurrecting an old perspective --
An assessment of Schur's ideas --
A model program : the Detention Diversion Advocacy Project --
A new paradigm : restorative justice --
Intervention typologies --
Components of successful programs --
The effectiveness of diversion --
Foster care and group homes --
Broad-based national strategies --
Other pressing matters --
Ending the war on drugs --
Youth courts --
Drug courts --
What about girls? --
Children of the night --
National Programs of Girls, Incorporated --
A final word --
Summary --
Notes.
Responsibility: Randall G. Shelden.

Abstract:

"This textbook encourages students to think critically about the causes of delinquency and possible solutions - and to make certain that arguments are grounded in facts not myth. The author provides a solid link between the history of juvenile delinquency and contemporary juvenile issues. Unique to this book is a chapter on social inequality, an essential topic for understanding delinquency and crime. The special problems of girls growing up in a patriarchal society and their experiences in the juvenile justice system are discussed thoroughly in two chapters and throughout the text. Statistics and theory are balanced by descriptions of the everyday realities encountered by juveniles. Delinquency is considered in the context of family, community, school, peers, social class, and culture. Prevention and diversion are twin themes, with particular attention to whether current practices are effective."--Jacket.

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