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Democratic enlightenment : philosophy, revolution, and human rights, 1750-1790

著者: Jonathan I Israel
出版商: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2013. ©2012
版本/格式:   Print book : 英语查看所有的版本和格式
数据库:WorldCat
提要:

Jonathan Israel's radical new account of the late Enlightenment highlights forgotten currents and figures. Running counter to mainstream thinking, he demonstrates how a group of  再读一些...

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类型/形式: History
文件类型:
所有的著者/提供者: Jonathan I Israel
ISBN: 9780199668090 0199668094
OCLC号码: 810946842
注意: Originally published: 2011.
描述: xvi, 1066 pages, 15 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm.
内容: 1. Introduction : Defining the enlightenment ; Interpreting the enlightenment: the argument ; Social context, cultural process, ideas --
2. Nature and providence: earthquakes and the human condition : The great enlightenment earthquake controversy (1750-1757) ; Philosophy and interpreting disaster --
3. The Encyclopedie suppressed (1752-1760) : Fighting 'la philosophie moderne' ; Diderot loses his contributors ; The 'war' of the Encyclopedie after 1759 --
4. Rousseau against the philosophes : Breaking with the Encyclopedistes ; Virtue restored ; Deism and the roots of political radicalism --
5. Voltaire, enlightenment, and the European courts : Moderate enlightenment dominant? ; Regrouping at Cleves ; A faltering mainstream --
4. Anti-philosophes : Anti-philosophie as a cultural force ; Catholic enlightenment against radical thought ; Philosophy, religion, and the social order ; Anti-philosophie versus Spinoza and Bayle --
7. Central Europe: Aufklarung divided : The legacy of Leibniz and Wolff ; Berlin and its Royal Academy ; Kant: searching for the middle passage ; Reimarus: erosion from the centre --
8. Hume, scepticism, and moderation : Hume's enlightenment ; Hume, aristocracy, and the British empire --
9. Scottish Enlightenment and man's 'progress' : Smith, Ferguson, and civil society ; Kames, race, and providence ; Reid and 'common sense' --
10. Enlightened despotism : Radical enlightenment against 'enlightened despotism' ; The German small states ; Joseph II, 'Josephism', and the Austrian monarchy ; Music, literature, and the fine arts --
11. Aufklarung and the fracturing of German Protestant culture : Deism besieged ; Bahrdt and freedom of expression ; Lessing and the Fragmentenstreit --
12. Catholic enlightenment: the papacy's retreat : Moderate versus radical enlightenment in Italy ; Beccaria and legal reform --
13. Society and the rise of the Italian revolutionary enlightenment : The 'Reform of Italy' controversy ; Reforming Austrian Milan ; Deprivation, revolution, and the 'two Sicilies' --
14. Spain and the challenge of reform : Remaking a transatlantic empire ; The Jesuits and Carlos III's church policy ; The Olavide Affair ; Spain and the radical challenge --
15. The Histoire philosophique, or colonialism overturned : The book that made a world 'revolution' ; Philosophy and the Indies ; Transatlantic impact ; The Historie philosophique as a project of world revolution --
16. The American revolution : Enlightenment and the birth of the United States ; Counter-enlightenment and modernity ; Princeton, Harvard, Yale, and Columbia ; Undemocratic states ; An inconclusive legacy --
17. Europe and the Amerindians : Aztecs and Incas reconfigured ; Amerindians: saved, or to be saved? ; The Tupac Amaru Rebellion --
18. Philosophy and revolt in Inbero-America (1765-1792) : The Creole-Peninsular rift ; Bourbon enlightenment in the Americas ; Radical enlightenment diffused across the Atlantic ; The American Revolution and the Spanish American Revolution (1780-1809) ; Philosophy and self-emancipation from Spain --
19. Commercial despotism: Dutch colonialism in Asia : An Asian empire ; The enlightenment radiating from Batavia --
20. China, Japan, and the West : Sinophilia in the later enlightenment ; Chines society: two incompatible radical accounts ; Enlightenment in Asia: the case of Japan --
21. India and the two enlightenments : Radical critique of the British Raj ; Administration and law in British India --
22. Russia's Greeks, Poles, and serfs : Russia's 'liberation of Greece' (1769-1772) ; Diderot's clash with Catherine ; Russia's first radial --
23. Rousseau, Spinoza, and the 'general will' : Towards the modern democratic conception of sovereignty ; Radical enlightenment, revolution, and Rousseau's counter-enlightenment --
24. Radical breakthrough : D'Holbach's 'bombs' ; Voltaire's last encounter: battling Spinoza ; The trial of Delisle de Sales (1775-1777) --
25. Pantheismusstreit (1780-1787) : Lessing's legacy ; The early stages of the German 'Spinoza controversy' ; Mendelssohn, Jacobi, and the public rift ; Kant's intervention ; Later stages of the Pantheismusstreit --
26. Kant and the radical challenge : Dilemmas of moderation ; Critiquing Kant's critical philosophy --
27. Goethe, Schiller, and the new 'Dutch revolt' against Spain : Drama and political philosophy ; Art as the new 'religion' --
28. 1788-1789: the 'general revolution' begins : Nobility versus the Third Estate ; The revolution's second phase ; Books and revolution --
29. The diffusion : Publishers, booksellers, and Colporteurs ; Anti-philosophie and the diffusion of radical literature --
30. 'Philosophy' as a maker of revolutions : D'Holbach's politics ; Representative democracy --
31. Aufklarung and the secret societies (1776-1792) : 'Revolution' and the secret societies ; Weishaupt's 'general reformation of the world' ; Bavaria's counter-enlightenment ; The Deutsche Union ; Prussia's counter-enlightenment --
32. Small-state revolutions in the 1780s : The Geneva Revolution of 1782: democrats versus 'aristocrats' ; Aachen, Leige, and the Austrian Netherlands --
33. The Dutch Democratic Revolution of the 1780s : How to make democracy ; Liberation movement in exile --
34. The French Revolution: from 'philosophy' to basic human rights (1788-1790) : From the Bastille to the king's return to Paris (July-October 1789) ; Ideas and the revolutionary leadership ; Philosophes against the revolution --
35. Epilogue: 1789 as an intellectual revolution : The 'general revolution' as a global process ; Commemorating the revolutionary enlightenment's heroes.
责任: Jonathan I. Israel.
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Review from previous edition Israel has turned up evidence of the Radical Enlightenment's influence in surprising places, and that labor alone should ensure that this book finds a place on every 再读一些...

 
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