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Deprivation and disease in early twentieth-century America

Author: Karen Clay; Werner Troesken; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2006.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online), working paper no. 12111.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Abstract: This paper explores how early life exposure to poverty and want adversely affects later life health outcomes. In particular, it examines how exposure to crowded housing conditions and impure drinking water undermines long-term health prospects and increases the risk of age-related pathologies such as cancer, heart disease, kidney disease, and stroke. Exploiting city-level data from early-twentieth century  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Clay, Karen.
Deprivation and disease in early twentieth-century America.
Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2006
(OCoLC)65285580
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Karen Clay; Werner Troesken; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 326832811
Notes: "March 2006."
Description: 1 online resource (52 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online), working paper no. 12111.
Responsibility: Karen Clay, Werner Troesken.

Abstract:

Abstract: This paper explores how early life exposure to poverty and want adversely affects later life health outcomes. In particular, it examines how exposure to crowded housing conditions and impure drinking water undermines long-term health prospects and increases the risk of age-related pathologies such as cancer, heart disease, kidney disease, and stroke. Exploiting city-level data from early-twentieth century America, evidence is presented that cities with unusually high rates of typhoid fever in 1900 had elevated rates of heart and kidney disease fifteen years later; also cities with unusually high rates of tuberculosis in 1900 had elevated rates of cancer and stroke fifteen years later. The estimated coefficients suggest that eradicating typhoid fever (through water purification) and tuberculosis (through improved housing and nutrition) would have reduced later death rates from heart disease, cancer, stroke, and kidney disease by 23 to 35 percent.

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