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|Description:||88 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm|
|Contents:||The perspective view. Introduction to the picture plane, vanishing points and the horizon. Sketching in perspective --
freehand and with a straight edge. Types of perspective view. Drawing in proportion. Foreshortening. Crating objects. Drawing using cubes. The circle in perspective. The ellipse and its proportions. Sketching ellipses. Ellipse proportions. Ellipse templates. This is a basic course in graphic skills. Dealing with simple ways of producing pictorial drawings and shading them effectively. Particularly useful to students taking craftwork, but the techniques developed can be applied to any design-based course in schools or colleges. Improving the clarity of line drawings. The thick and thin line technique on straight sided and curved objects. Constructing perspective drawings. Two factors affecting a perspective view. Constructing a two-point perspective drawing. Perspective views built up on grids. The two-point perspective grid and how it is constructed. Producing pictorial drawings using a grid. Light, shade and form. The effect of light on the geometric solids. Applying these effects to other objects to show their form and give an illusion of mass. Shadows and reflections. Shadows and their uses. The factors that affect a cast shadow. Constructing cast shadows with near and distant light sources. Reflections and their uses. Texture. Textures represented by dots, lines and solid areas. The application of these techniques to drawings to convey materials and mass. The exploded view.