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Destructive evaluation and extended fatigue testing of retired transport aircraft Vol. 1, Program overview

Author: David Lawrence Steadman; John G Bakuckas; Delta Air Lines.; William J. Hughes Technical Center (U.S.); Air Traffic Organization (U.S.)
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Aviation Research and Development, Operations Planning, Air Traffic Organization, [2007]
Edition/Format:   Print book : Document : National government publication   Computer File : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In a joint effort by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and Delta Air Lines, the detailed inspection, destructive evaluation, and extended fatigue testing of fuselage structure from a retired revenue-service passenger airplane was undertaken. Eleven large sections of fuselage representative of structure susceptible to widespread fatigue damage were removed from a retired Boeing 727-232 airplane near its  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Computer File, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: David Lawrence Steadman; John G Bakuckas; Delta Air Lines.; William J. Hughes Technical Center (U.S.); Air Traffic Organization (U.S.)
OCLC Number: 182554571
Notes: "DOT/FAA/AR-07/22,V1."
"October 2007."
Title from PDF title screen.
Description: 1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations (some color)
Details: System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Responsibility: [David Steadman and John Bakuckas].

Abstract:

In a joint effort by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and Delta Air Lines, the detailed inspection, destructive evaluation, and extended fatigue testing of fuselage structure from a retired revenue-service passenger airplane was undertaken. Eleven large sections of fuselage representative of structure susceptible to widespread fatigue damage were removed from a retired Boeing 727-232 airplane near its design service goal of 60,000 flight cycles. Primary focus was the lap joints. Both conventional and emerging nondestructive inspection (NDI) methods were used for inspections before and after the sections were removed. A procedure was developed to disassemble joints and reveal crack surfaces at fastener holes. Using this procedure, seven panels were destructively evaluated to characterize the state of multiple-site damage using fractographic examinations. Crack information obtained from the destructive evaluations was used to assess the capability of 20 NDI methods to find small hidden cracks. For two panels, the state of damage was advanced through extended fatigue testing using the FAA Full-Scale Aircraft Structural Test Evaluation and Research facility, and crack growth was continuously assessed through both conventional and emerging NDI methods. The research program provides data to enable calibration and validation of predictive methodologies for structural fatigue and serves as a test bed to evaluate the sensitivity and effectiveness of standard and emerging NDI to detect small cracks hidden in built-up structural joints. This is volume 1 of a five-volume report in which the major activities and results are documented. Details are provided in companion volumes 2 through 5. All factual data was collected and compiled in an engineering database.

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