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Detection technologies for chemical warfare agents and toxic vapors

Author: Yin Sun; Kwok Y Ong
Publisher: Boca Raton : CRC Press, ©2005.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Detection Technologies for Chemical Warfare Agents and Toxic Vapors discusses the principles, instrumentation, and context for applying several technologies to the detection of toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) and lethal chemical warfare agents (CWAs). It conveys techniques - some of which have been patented by the authors - developed for generating vapors and closely imitating potential environmental effects in a
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Yin Sun; Kwok Y Ong
ISBN: 1566706688 9781566706681
OCLC Number: 54865282
Description: 272 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: INTRODUCTION --
Historical Overview --
Chemical Warfare Agents --
Toxic Industrial Compounds --
CWA and TIC Detection --
CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS AND TOXIC INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS --
Chemical, Physical, and Toxicological PropertiesToxic Properties --
Common CWAs Nerve Agents, Blister Agents, Blood Agents --
Toxic Industrial Compounds --
GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS --
CWA Detection Standards and Criteria for Deployment --
Joint Services Operational Requirements for Chemical Agent Detectors --
Objective and Approaches at Dugway Proving Ground --
JCAD Requirements for Detection and Identification Functions --
General Capabilities Necessary to Mitigate Vulnerability Evaluation of Commercially Available Detection Devices for Certification as CWA Detectors --
Safety Risk Assessment for Release of Tested, Contractor-Owned Materials to Contractor --
VAPOR GENERATION TECHNIQUES --
Gas Law and Gas Concentration --
Vapor Generation MethodsDilution and Mixing System --
Comparison of Generation Techniques --
Humidification of Generated Vapor --
Generation of CWA or TIC Vapor with Interferent Vapor --
CWA Simulants --
DETECTOR SELECTION FACTORS --
Selectivity Sensitivity Limit of Detection Response Dynamic Range Quantitative Analysis Capability False Alarm Rate Response Time Resistance to Environmental Conditions Setup and Warmup Time Calibration/Verification in Field Applications Other Factors --
ION MOBILITY SPECTROMETRY --
Principle of OperationInstrumentation of Typical IMS Detector --
Technique Specification --
Applications --
Fact Sheets for Selected IMS-Based Detectors --
FLAME PHOTOMETRY --
Principle of Operation --
Instrumentation --
Technical Specifications --
Pulsed Flame Photometry --
Applications --
Fact Sheets on Selected Photometry-Based Detectors --
INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY --
Principle of Operation --
Instrumentation of Filter IR and Photoacoustic DetectorsFourier Transform Infrared Detectors --
Applications --
Fact Sheets for Selected IR-Based Detectors --
SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE AND ELECTROCHEMICAL TECHNIQUES --
Principle of Operation of SAW Devices --
Instrumentation --
Analysis ProcessesTechnical Specifications --
Applications --
Electrochemical SensorsFact Sheets for Selected SAW and/or Electrochemical Detectors --
COLORIMETRIC TECHNOLOGY --
Principle of Operation --
Instrumentation --
Applications --
Fact Sheets on Selected Colorimetric-Technique-Based Detectors --
PHOTOIONIZATION AND FLAME IONIZATION DETECTION TECHNIQUES --
Photoionization Technique --
Flame Ionization Technology --
Comparison of Photoionization, Flame Ionization, and Flame Photometric Techniques Applications --
FUTURE TRENDS IN CWA AND TIC DETECTION --
Material Safety Data Sheet --
Standing Operating Procedure --
Index of Chemical Agent Detectors and Supplies and Manufacturers --
Glossary and Abbreviations --
Bibliography --
Index.
Responsibility: Yin Sun and Kwok Y. Ong.
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Abstract:

Discusses the principles, instrumentation, and context for the detection of toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) and lethal chemical warfare agents (CWAs). This book includes physical, chemical, and  Read more...

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"The book offers the most comprehensive resource available on the subject for technical and emergency response personnel." - International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, July 2005

 
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