skip to content
Developing a virtue-imbued casuistry for business ethics Preview this item
ClosePreview this item

Developing a virtue-imbued casuistry for business ethics

Author: Martin Calkins
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer, [2014] ©2014
Series: Issues in business ethics, v. 42.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Casuistry, Virtue, and Business Ethics brings together three important processes for business ethics: casuistry, virtue ethics, and the business case method. In doing so, it considers the overlap and synergy of casuistry and virtue ethics, the similarities and differences of casuistry and the business case method, and the relationships between emerging and well-established cases. The goal of the book is twofold: to  Read more...
Rating:

(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

Subjects
More like this

 

Find a copy online

Links to this item

Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...

Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Calkins, Martin.
Developing a virtue-imbued casuistry for business ethics / c Martin Calkins
(OCoLC)868276206
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Martin Calkins
ISBN: 9789401787246 9401787247
OCLC Number: 879859025
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: PREFACE........................................................................................................................... iOVERVIEW....................................................................................................................... 9PART 1: BUILDING A CASUISTRY FOR BUSINESS.............................................. 11- Chapter 1: Features and History -........................................................................... 12Characteristics of Case-based Reasoning...................................................................................................... 12History of Casuistry........................................................................................................................................... 21Ancient Greek Casuistry.............................................................................................................................. 21Hebrew Casuistry.......................................................................................................................................... 23Muslim Casuistry.......................................................................................................................................... 26Christian Casuistry........................................................................................................................................ 28- Chapter 2: Casuistry versus Ethical Pluralism with Applied Principles -............... 34Conventional Approach: Ethical Pluralism with Embedded Applied Principles..................................... 34Benefits of Applied Principles Approaches.............................................................................................. 35Shortcomings of Applied Principles Approaches..................................................................................... 37- Chapter 3: Normativity and Analogy in Casuistry -................................................ 40Normativity's Different Locations in Moral Reasoning.............................................................................. 40Analogy as Reasoning Process versus Tool for Principle Formation and Validation............................ 42- Chapter 4: The Role of Principles in Casuistry -..................................................... 48Principles and the Proper End of Ethics.......................................................................................................... 48The Place of Principles in Casuistry................................................................................................................ 51- Chapter 5: Reflective Equilibrium and Casuistry -.................................................. 54Reflective Equilibrium....................................................................................................................................... 54Narrow Reflective Equilibrium......................................................................................................................... 55Wide Reflective Equilibrium............................................................................................................................. 57Reflective Equilibrium and Casuistry's Similarities and Differences........................................................ 60Similarities...................................................................................................................................................... 60Differences..................................................................................................................................................... 65Weighing the Disparities............................................................................................................................... 73- Chapter 6: Criticisms of Casuistry -......................................................................... 75Aimless and Lacking Moral Force................................................................................................................... 77Unstructured........................................................................................................................................................ 78Casuistry's Logic and Dynamics................................................................................................................ 79Conventional and Insular................................................................................................................................. 81Arbitrary Taxonomies and Paradigmatic Cases........................................................................................... 85The Structure and Dynamics of Casuistry's Taxonomies..................................................................... 85Subjective Naming of Paradigm Cases..................................................................................................... 87From Paradigm to Marginal Case: The Ford Pinto Case....................................................................... 89Lax and Prone to Equivocation....................................................................................................................... 92A) Catholic Concerns with Casuistic Caginess: Blaise Pascal versus The Jesuits............................. 92B) Protestantism Chimes In: Concerns with Casuistry's Link to Authority....................................... 97Equivocation in Principle-Based Methods: Bill Clinton versus the American People...................... 98Modern Trends Toward Other Approaches................................................................................................. 103The New Language of Modernity............................................................................................................ 103The Conflation of Ethics and Law.......................................................................................................... 104- Chapter 7: Casuistry's Revival in Medicine and Now, Business -......................... 108Clinical Ethics: Casuistry's Restoration Begins.......................................................................................... 109Elsewhere: Casuistry's Revival Continues.................................................................................................. 111Casuistry and Law, Computer Ethics, and Journalism........................................................................ 111Casuistry and Business-Medicine Comparisons................................................................................... 112Casuistry and Business: The Road Ahead............................................................................................. 114PART 2: VIRTUE ETHICS IN THE CONTEXT OF BUSINESS............................ 116- Chapter 8: Aristotle's Virtue Ethics -..................................................................... 117Background and Influence............................................................................................................................ 118General Features of Virtue Ethics.................................................................................................................. 119The Final Good End and Striving for Perfection................................................................................... 120Habits that Define...................................................................................................................................... 123Flow State and Flourishing in the Present............................................................................................... 124Moderation and the Shifting Golden Mean........................................................................................... 125Virtue and Personal Integration: The Competitive Runner................................................................ 128Aspiration and Nature's Limits................................................................................................................ 129The Social Aspects of Virtue..................................................................................................................... 131Summary: General Virtue......................................................................................................................... 134Application to Business: The Tylenol Crisis and Virtue-based Management................................. 135The Particular Virtues...................................................................................................................................... 139Prudence....................................................................................................................................................... 141Practical Wisdom and the Final Good End....................................................................................... 145Example: The Prudent Runner........................................................................................................... 145A Goal in Itself....................................................................................................................................... 146Prudence's Place in Business............................................................................................................... 147Moral Prescience.................................................................................................................................... 148Summary: Prudence............................................................................................................................. 150Justice............................................................................................................................................................ 150The Complete Virtue............................................................................................................................. 150A Social Virtue....................................................................................................................................... 152The Organizing Virtue........................................................................................................................... 156Summary: Justice.................................................................................................................................. 157Courage (Fortitude).................................................................................................................................... 158Confidence: Keen in the Thick of Action But Calm Beforehand................................................ 158Example: The Courage of the Boxer................................................................................................. 159Example: The Courage of the Whistleblower.................................................................................. 161Temperance (Self-Control)....................................................................................................................... 163Self-Control and Adulthood................................................................................................................ 164Example: Temperance and Physical Fitness.................................................................................... 165Other Virtues................................................................................................................................................ 166Generosity............................................................................................................................................... 167Magnificence.......................................................................................................................................... 167High-mindedness................................................................................................................................... 168Ambition and the Lack of Ambition as the Extremes of an Unnamed Virtue.......................... 169Gentleness............................................................................................................................................... 169Friendliness............................................................................................................................................. 169Truthfulness............................................................................................................................................ 170Wittiness.................................................................................................................................................. 170- Chapter 9: Building a Virtue Theory for Business -.............................................. 172Virtue's Various Expressions.......................................................................................................................... 172Stoicism........................................................................................................................................................ 173Influential Moderns.................................................................................................................................... 174Thomas Hobbes.................................................................................................................................... 175David Hume........................................................................................................................................... 178The Virtues of Commerce of Adam Smith................................................................................................. 181Sympathy of Fellow-Feeling..................................................................................................................... 183Self-Command............................................................................................................................................ 186Proper Wealth Acquisition versus Greed................................................................................................. 188Prudence and Assiduity............................................................................................................................. 190Justice and Natural Jurisprudence........................................................................................................... 190Universal Benevolence or Social Sympathy.......................................................................................... 192Comparison: Smith and Aristotle on Virtue in General....................................................................... 195Comparison: Smith and Aristotle on Particular Virtues....................................................................... 200Virtues Specific to Commerce.................................................................................................................. 206- Chapter 10: Virtue Ethics' Value -......................................................................... 212Virtue Ethics' Strengths and Weaknesses.................................................................................................... 212Strengths....................................................................................................................................................... 214Weaknesses.................................................................................................................................................. 221PART 3: OVERLAPS AND SYNERGIES OF METHODS....................................... 231- Chapter 11: The Synergy of Casuistry and Virtue Ethics -................................... 232Casuistry and Virtue Ethics' Similarities...................................................................................................... 232Casuistry and Virtue Ethics' Differences..................................................................................................... 240Casuistry-imbued Virtue Ethics versus Virtue-imbued Casuistry............................................................ 247Virtue-imbued Casuistry's Synergies............................................................................................................ 248Synergy of Strengths.................................................................................................................................. 248Synergy of Offsetting Limitations........................................................................................................... 257- Chapter 12: Bringing Casuistry and the Business Case Method Together -......... 263Casuistry and Cases in Business................................................................................................................... 263The Business Case and Case Method.......................................................................................................... 265The Business Case...................................................................................................................................... 265The Business Case Method....................................................................................................................... 270The Business Case Method and Casuistry Compared.............................................................................. 273Similarities.................................................................................................................................................... 273Differences................................................................................................................................................... 276Synergies: Bringing the Methods Together.................................................................................................. 279Conclusion................................................................................................................................................... 287PART 4: USING VIRTUE-IMBUED CASUISTRY IN BUSINESS PRACTICE.... 288- Chapter 13: Breaking Stalemates: Using the Method to Upset the Genetically Modified Foods Impasse - 290Background: Building to a Stalemate.......................................................................................................... 291Proponents' Arguments............................................................................................................................. 293Opponents' Arguments.............................................................................................................................. 296Entrenching the Stalemate............................................................................................................................. 302Defusing the Stalemate................................................................................................................................... 308Limping Toward Resolution........................................................................................................................... 316- Chapter 14: Cases Can Caution: Polio Eradication, Risk Exposure, and the Smallpox Case as Precedence -..................................................................................................................................... 320Goal: Eradicating Polio................................................................................................................................... 321Smallpox: A Cautionary Tale........................................................................................................................ 322Killing a Deadly Disease............................................................................................................................ 323Systematic Destruction.............................................................................................................................. 324Gone But Not Forgotten............................................................................................................................ 326An Effective Bioweapon........................................................................................................................... 327Playing Catch-up........................................................................................................................................ 328Lessons From a Near-miss.............................................................................................................................. 330Polio Eradication in Perspective.................................................................................................................... 332- Chapter 15: Risk Exposure: Using Cases in Strategies Involving an Aging Medication - 335Risk Exposure in an Environment of Experimentation............................................................................ 336Background: Tamoxifen Therapy................................................................................................................ 337A Therapy With Risks................................................................................................................................ 339Longstanding and Profitable.................................................................................................................... 341Assessing the Risk Exposure of an Aging Drug........................................................................................... 343Step One: Weighing Losses Against Profits............................................................................................ 343Step Two: Recognizing That Something is Missing.............................................................................. 345Step Three: Augmenting With Cases....................................................................................................... 347Problems and Opportunities With Case Use in Business........................................................................... 350Impediments to Case Use in Business.................................................................................................... 350Overcoming the Impediments to Case Use in Business....................................................................... 353Criticisms of Using Ethics as a Tool of Risk Management................................................................. 354Going Forward.................................................................................................................................................. 356- Chapter 16: Risk Management: Capturing the Right Situation with Prudent Case Use in Scenario-based Modeling -................................................................................................................... 360Coming Full Circle: Cases->Models->Cases......................................................................................... 361Sliding Toward Numbers........................................................................................................................... 362What Has Been Helpful and What Is Missing...................................................................................... 363Case: Home Health Corporation.................................................................................................................. 364Background: Home Health Corporation............................................................................................... 364The Big Question: To Pay or Not To Pay For Overtime...................................................................... 365The Deterministic Approach..................................................................................................................... 366The Upset of a New Competitor.............................................................................................................. 369The Stochastic Approach.......................................................................................................................... 370Strategy and Modeling.................................................................................................................................... 374Strategy As a Guiding Process.................................................................................................................. 375Descriptive Modeling: A Two-dimensional Snapshot.......................................................................... 377Stochastic Modeling: A Three-dimensional Hologram........................................................................ 378Strategic Prescience.......................................................................................................................................... 381The Importance of Prudence in Case Selection......................................................................................... 382Prudent Elders as Key to Effective Strategy.......................................................................................... 382The Importance of Business Cases in Strategizing............................................................................... 383Complications Inhibiting Case Use in Business.................................................................................... 384- Chapter 17: Going Forward: Developing a Workable Virtue-imbued Casuistry for Business - 386What Has Been Done...................................................................................................................................... 386What Remains To Be Done........................................................................................................................... 388ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS........................................................................................... 391APPENDIX.................................................................................................................... 393NAME INDEX............................................................................................................... 397BUSINESS/INSTITUTION INDEX............................................................................ 400SUBJECT INDEX......................................................................................................... 401WORKS CITED............................................................................................................. 406dy>
Series Title: Issues in business ethics, v. 42.
Responsibility: Martin Calkins.

Abstract:

This book has a two-fold purpose: to provide a distinctly practical method for moral decision-making within the context of business, and to show how challenging contemporary issues are similar to  Read more...

Reviews

User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...

Tags

Be the first.
Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data


Primary Entity

<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/879859025> # Developing a virtue-imbued casuistry for business ethics
    a schema:MediaObject, schema:Book, schema:CreativeWork ;
   library:oclcnum "879859025" ;
   library:placeOfPublication <http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/countries/ne> ;
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1887877647#Topic/sciences_sociales> ; # Sciences sociales
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1887877647#Topic/business_&_economics_business_ethics> ; # BUSINESS & ECONOMICS--Business Ethics
   schema:about <http://dewey.info/class/174.4/e22/> ;
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1887877647#Topic/sciences_humaines> ; # Sciences humaines
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1887877647#Topic/droit> ; # Droit
   schema:about <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1887877647#Topic/business_ethics> ; # Business ethics
   schema:author <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1887877647#Person/calkins_martin_martin_j> ; # Martin J. Calkins
   schema:bookFormat schema:EBook ;
   schema:copyrightYear "2014" ;
   schema:datePublished "2014" ;
   schema:description "Casuistry, Virtue, and Business Ethics brings together three important processes for business ethics: casuistry, virtue ethics, and the business case method. In doing so, it considers the overlap and synergy of casuistry and virtue ethics, the similarities and differences of casuistry and the business case method, and the relationships between emerging and well-established cases. The goal of the book is twofold: to provide a distinctly practical method for moral decision-making within the context of business and to illustrate how contemporary vexing issues are similar to those of the past and."@en ;
   schema:exampleOfWork <http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/1887877647> ;
   schema:genre "Electronic books"@en ;
   schema:inLanguage "en" ;
   schema:isPartOf <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1887877647#Series/issues_in_business_ethics> ; # Issues in business ethics ;
   schema:isSimilarTo <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/868276206> ;
   schema:name "Developing a virtue-imbued casuistry for business ethics"@en ;
   schema:productID "879859025" ;
   schema:url <http://libproxy.uwinnipeg.ca/login?url=http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-94-017-8724-6> ;
   schema:url <http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8724-6> ;
   schema:url <https://grinnell.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-94-017-8724-6> ;
   schema:url <http://site.ebrary.com/id/10869241> ;
   schema:url <https://login.proxy.lib.strath.ac.uk/login?url=http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-94-017-8724-6> ;
   schema:url <http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/macewan-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1731555> ;
   schema:url <https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/buffalo/detail.action?docID=1731555> ;
   schema:url <http://link.springer.com/openurl?genre=book&isbn=978-94-017-8723-9> ;
   schema:url <http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&db=nlabk&AN=777810> ;
   schema:url <http://www.myilibrary.com?id=635631> ;
   schema:url <https://login.libproxy.uregina.ca:8443/login?url=https://link.springer.com/openurl?genre=book&isbn=978-94-017-8723-9> ;
   schema:url <http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=1731555> ;
   schema:url <http://swb.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1731555> ;
   schema:url <https://link.springer.com/openurl?genre=book&isbn=978-94-017-8723-9> ;
   schema:url <https://library.smu.ca/login?url=http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-94-017-8724-6> ;
   schema:workExample <http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8724-6> ;
   schema:workExample <http://worldcat.org/isbn/9789401787246> ;
   wdrs:describedby <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/879859025> ;
    .


Related Entities

<http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/macewan-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1731555>
   rdfs:comment "from Ebook Central" ;
   rdfs:comment "(Single User Access)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1887877647#Person/calkins_martin_martin_j> # Martin J. Calkins
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Calkins" ;
   schema:givenName "Martin J." ;
   schema:givenName "Martin" ;
   schema:name "Martin J. Calkins" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1887877647#Series/issues_in_business_ethics> # Issues in business ethics ;
    a bgn:PublicationSeries ;
   schema:hasPart <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/879859025> ; # Developing a virtue-imbued casuistry for business ethics
   schema:name "Issues in business ethics ;" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/1887877647#Topic/business_&_economics_business_ethics> # BUSINESS & ECONOMICS--Business Ethics
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "BUSINESS & ECONOMICS--Business Ethics"@en ;
    .

<http://link.springer.com/openurl?genre=book&isbn=978-94-017-8723-9>
   rdfs:comment "Springer eBooks (Humanities, Social Science and Law 2014)" ;
    .

<http://worldcat.org/isbn/9789401787246>
    a schema:ProductModel ;
   schema:isbn "9401787247" ;
   schema:isbn "9789401787246" ;
    .

<http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/868276206>
    a schema:CreativeWork ;
   rdfs:label "Developing a virtue-imbued casuistry for business ethics / c Martin Calkins" ;
   schema:description "Print version:" ;
   schema:isSimilarTo <http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/879859025> ; # Developing a virtue-imbued casuistry for business ethics
    .

<https://login.libproxy.uregina.ca:8443/login?url=https://link.springer.com/openurl?genre=book&isbn=978-94-017-8723-9>
   rdfs:comment "Full text available from SpringerLINK ebooks - English/International Collection (2014)" ;
    .


Content-negotiable representations

Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.