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|All Authors / Contributors:||
Franck Léonard; François Dubet; Université de Bordeaux II.
|Description:||367 f. ; 30 cm.|
|Responsibility:||Franck Léonard ; sous la dir. de François Dubet.|
Our subject is two-fold. The 1st aspect is about training : how have primary school-teachers been recruited and trained from the time of the first "écoles normales" to our current "teachers' training colleges" ? Who are they ? through what process do they become primary school teachers ? How did they use to be trained ? How are they trained nowadays ? The 2nd aspect is about being a teacher and deals with individual practices, what teachers actually do in their class and what representations they have of the pupils and of their profession. Our work is an endeavour to link the two. The creation of the IUFM (Teachers' Training Colleges) in 1991 could have occasioned a break because it created a new status among primary school teachers. This idea has been put forward by previous studies which mention a crisis or regret a "golden age". Since 1991, the former teachers who were recruited at an early age, just after the baccalaureate or after only a two-year course at university, have had to work with their new, highly educated, better paid colleagues who have been trained differently. No sign of a crisis has appeared yet. Our thesis is rather that of a continuity, a slow change of a professional body adjusting to new situations. It takes into account 3 variables deemed discriminatory : the length of services, the location and the teachers' professional and social background. It is a sketch of a very old and yet very modern profession.