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Discourse representation and text processing

Author: Jane Oakhill; Alan Garnham
Publisher: Hove, East Sussex, UK ; Hillsdale, USA : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, ©1992.
Series: Special issue of Language and cognitive processes.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The interrelated topics of discourse representation and text processing are amongst the most important in psycholinguistic research, and have generated a vast literature. This collection is not intended as an overview of this work, rather it focuses on some of the central issues that arise out of the mental models theory of text comprehension. According to this theory, the content of discourse is represented in
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Genre/Form: Aufsatzsammlung
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Jane Oakhill; Alan Garnham
ISBN: 086377900X 9780863779008
OCLC Number: 28583657
Description: pages 193-395 : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Contents: Discourse processing and text representation from a "mental models" perspective / Alan Garnham and Jane Oakhill --
Contextual influences on the comprehension of complex concepts / Richard J. Gerrig and Gregory L. Murphy --
The role of implicit causality and gender cue in the interpretation of pronouns / Alan Garnham, Jane Oakhill and Hannah Cruttenden --
How natural are conceptual anaphors? / Jane Oakhill [and others] --
Comprehending conceptual anaphors in Spanish / Manuel Carreiras and Morton Ann Gernsbacher --
The use of referential expressions in structuring discourse / Wiestke Vonk, Lettica G.M.M. Hustnik and Wim H.G. Simons --
Levels of representation and domain-specific knowledge in comprehension of scientific texts / Hubert Tardieu, Marie-France Ehrlich and Valérie Gyselinck --
Knowledge activation versus sentence mapping when representing fictional characters' emotional states / Morton Ann Gernsbacher and Rachel R.W. Robertson --
Readers' knowledge and the control of inferences in reading / Leo G.M. Noordman and Wietske Vonk.
Series Title: Special issue of Language and cognitive processes.
Other Titles: Language and cognitive processes.
Responsibility: edited by Jane Oakhill and Alan Garnham.

Abstract:

"The interrelated topics of discourse representation and text processing are amongst the most important in psycholinguistic research, and have generated a vast literature. This collection is not intended as an overview of this work, rather it focuses on some of the central issues that arise out of the mental models theory of text comprehension. According to this theory, the content of discourse is represented in mental models of parts of the real or an imaginary world, and these models are constructed incrementally as texts are processed. Mental models theory emphasises the role of anaphoric expressions, such as definite pronouns, in linking the information in different parts of the text and, more generally, the role of inferences in constructing mental models." "It also recognises the importance of formal linguistic processes, such as semantic combination, in computing the information in the current clause that is to be added into the model. The papers in this volume reflect these aspects of mental models theory. They cover the understanding of noun-noun combinations, the interpretation of pronouns, and inference making." "Throughout, the emphasis is on the flexibility of the language processing system and its extensive, and often extremely rapid, use of knowledge about the world. International interest in mental models theory is reflected in contributions from the United States, the United Kingdom and Continental Europe, where there is a rapidly growing interest in experimental psycholinguistics in general and mental models theory in particular.".

"Language and Cognitive Processes is an international journal which publishes theoretical and experimental research into the mental processes and representations involved in language use. The psychological study of language has attracted increasing interest over the past three decades, and Language and Cognitive Processes provides a common focus for this enterprise. It is a journal which emphasises the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to the study of language. Apart from research in experimental and developmental psychology, Language and Cognitive Processes publishes work derived from linguistics, philosophy, computer science and Artificial Intelligence."--BOOK JACKET.

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