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Disputed moral issues : a reader

Author: Mark Timmons
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press, 2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edition
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"Ideal for courses in contemporary moral problems, introduction to ethics, and applied ethics, Disputed Moral Issues: A Reader, Second Edition, is a comprehensive anthology that brings together seventy-four engaging articles on a wide range of contemporary moral issues. Carefully selected and edited for an undergraduate audience, the essays are organized into thirteen chapters that cover moral theory; sexual
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Genre/Form: Textbooks
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Mark Timmons
ISBN: 9780195388725 0195388720
OCLC Number: 647976822
Description: xvi, 680 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: 1. A Moral Theory Primer --
What Is a Moral Theory? --
Six Essential Moral Theories ; A. Consequentialism ; B. Natural Law Theory ; C. Kantian Moral Theory ; D. Rights-Based Moral Theory ; E. Virtue Ethics ; F. Ethics of Prima Facie Duty --
Coping with Many Moral Theories Appendix: Ethics by Authority? --
2. Moral Theory Selections: --
The principle of utility / Jeremy Bentham --
Treatise on law / St. Thomas Aquinas --
The moral law / Immanuel Kant --
Natural rights / John Locke --
Virtue and character / Aristotle --
What makes right actions right? / W.D. Ross --
3. Sexual Morality and Marriage: --
Vatican declaration on some questions of sexual ethics --
Why shouldn't Tommy and Jim have sex? a defense of homosexuality / John Corvino --
A liberal view of sexual morality and the concept of using another person / Thomas A. Mappes --
Virtue ethics and adultery / Raja Halwani --
Normal marriage: two views / Maggie Gallagher --
Enough marriage to share / Evan Wolfson --
4. Pornography, Hate Speech, and Censorship: --
The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, Pornography and Harm --
Why censoring pornography would not reduce discrimination or violence against women / Nadine Strossen --
Liberty and pornography / Ronald Dworkin --
Pornography and degradation / Judith M. Hill --
Racist speech as the functional equivalent of fighting words / Charles R. Lawrence III --
Sticks and stones / John Arthur --
5. Drugs, Gambling, and Addiction: --
Drug-free America or free America? / David Boaz --
Decriminalize, don't legalize / Peter de Marneffe --
Permissible paternalism: saving smokers from themselves / Robert E. Goodin --
Addiction and drug policy / Daniel Shapiro --
Is gambling immoral? a virtue ethics approach / Peter Collins --
Gambling and character / David B. Fletcher. 6. Sexism, Racism, and Reparation: --
Sexism / Marilyn Frye --
Racism as a model for understanding sexism / J.L.A. Garcia --
Racist acts and racist humor / Michael Philips --
Reparations to Native Americans? / J. Angelo Corlett --
Why affirmative action is immoral / Louis P. Pojman --
The message of affirmative action / Thomas E. Hill, Jr --
7. Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: --
The wrongfulness of euthanasia / J. Gay-Williams --
Active and passive euthanasia / James Rachels --
The intentional termination of life / Bonnie Steinbock --
Voluntary active euthanasia / Dan W. Brock --
Assisted suicide: pro-choice or anti-life? / Richard Doerflinger --
Assisted suicide is not voluntary active euthanasia / David T. Watts & Timothy Howell --
8. The Ethical Treatment of Animals: --
Utilitarianism and animals / Gaverick Matheny --
Are zoos morally defensible? / Tom Regan --
Do animals have rights? / Carl Cohen --
Human and animal rights compared / Mary Ann Warren --
A new argument for vegetarianism / Jordan Curnutt. 9. Abortion: --
Pope John Paul II. the unspeakable crime of abortion --
On the moral and legal status of abortion / Mary Anne Warren --
A defense of abortion / Judith Jarvis Thomson --
Why abortion is immoral / Don Marquis --
A moderate view / L.W. Sumner --
Virtue theory and abortion / Rosalind Hursthouse --
10. Cloning and Genetic Enhancement: --
Liberty, identity, and human cloning / John Robertson --
Preventing brave new world / Leon R. Kass --
Will cloning harm people? / Gregory E. Pence --
The case against perfection / Michael J. Sandel --
Good, better, or best? / Arthur L. Caplan --
11. The Death Penalty: --
Punishment and the principle of equality / Immanuel Kant --
An eye for an eye? / Stephen Nathanson --
A defense of the death penalty / Ernest van den Haag --
Civilization, safety, and deterrence / Jeffrey H. Reiman --
Capital attrition: error rates in capital cases, 1973-1995 / James S. Liebman, Jeffrey Fagan, Valerie West, and Jonathan Lloyd --
12. War, Terrorism, and Torture: --
Does morality apply to war? / Richard A. Wasserstrom --
Terrorism and morality / Haig Khatchadourian --
After 9-11: five questions about terrorism / Michael Walzer --
Terrorism and international justice / James P. Sterba --
Torture / Henry Shue --
Should the ticking bomb terrorist be tortured? / Alan M. Dershowitz. 13. World Hunger and Poverty: --
Lifeboat ethics / Garrett Hardin --
The life you can save / Peter Singer --
World hunger and moral obligation / John Arthur --
Property and hunger / Amartya Sen --
A Kantian approach to world hunger / Onora O'Neill --
14. The Environment, Consumption, and Global Warming: --
People or penguins? the case for optimal pollution / William F. Baxter --
The land ethic / Aldo Leopold --
Ideals of human excellence and preserving the natural environment / Thomas E. Hill, Jr --
Synergistic environmental virtues: consumerism and human flourishing / Peter Wenz --
It's not my fault: global warming and individual moral obligations / Walter Sinnott-Armstrong --
Let's keep our cool about global warming / Bjørn Lomborg.
Responsibility: [edited by] Mark Timmons.
More information:

Abstract:

"Ideal for courses in contemporary moral problems, introduction to ethics, and applied ethics, Disputed Moral Issues: A Reader, Second Edition, is a comprehensive anthology that brings together seventy-four engaging articles on a wide range of contemporary moral issues. Carefully selected and edited for an undergraduate audience, the essays are organized into thirteen chapters that cover moral theory; sexual morality and marriage; pornography, hate speech, and censorship; drugs, gambling, and addiction; sexism, racism, and reparation; euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide; the ethical treatment of animals; abortion; cloning and genetic enhancement; the death penalty; war, terrorism, and torture; world hunger and poverty; and the environment, consumption, and global warming.

Striking a unique balance between moral theory and applied ethics, editor Mark Timmons provides students with an accessible Moral Theory Primer (Chapter 1), in which he outlines the guiding principles of moral theory, presents six central moral theories, and relates those theories to the issues debated in the articles. Chapter 2--new to this edition--features six readings in moral theory that correspond to the theories presented in the primer. Each of the remaining chapters is preceded by an introduction, and each selection is preceded by a brief summary and reader cues, which direct students to a specific section of the Moral Theory Primer in order to best help them understand the essay in question. A "Quick Guide to Moral Theories" appendix and an extensive glossary of key terms further enhance the text. A "User's Guide," which follows the preface, shows instructors how they can integrate moral theories and applied ethics into their courses."--Pub. desc.

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"To most philosophers, a strength of this reader will be Timmons' excellent opening section on moral theory. This is the best text I've found in the last half dozen years."--Christopher Morris, Read more...

 
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