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Disputers of the Tao : philosophical argument in ancient China

Author: A C Graham
Publisher: La Salle, Ill. : Open Court, ©1989.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Graham, A. C. (Angus Charles)
Disputers of the Tao.
La Salle, Ill. : Open Court, c1989
(OCoLC)621803830
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: A C Graham
ISBN: 0812690877 9780812690873 0812690885 9780812690880
OCLC Number: 19554332
Description: x, 502 p. : ill., map ; 23 cm.
Contents: [Pt.] I : The Breakdown of the world order decreed by heaven --
1. A Conservative reaction : Confucius --
Ceremony and music --
Government as ceremony --
Heaven and the spirits --
The Thread which unifies morality --
Confucius and 20th-century Western philosophy --
The Centrality of Confucianism in Chinese civilization --
2. A Radical reaction : Mo-tzu --
The Three tests of argument --
The Criticism of traditional practice by the utilitarian text --
The Unifying principle of morality --
The Centralisation and bureaucratisation of the state --
Heaven, spirits and destiny --
Divisions of the Mohist school --
3. Retreat to private life : the Yangists --
The Yangist teachings --
The Supposed egoism of Yang Chu --
4. Idealisation of the small community : the utopia of Shen-nung --
The Golden age of Shen-nung --
Hsü Hsing --
The Influence of the Shen-nung ideal --
5. The Sharpening of rational debate : the Sophists --
Hui Shih --
Kung-sun Lung --
The 'White horse' --
'Pointings and things' --
Left and right --
6. The Discovery of subjectivity : Sung Hsing --
The Kuan-tzu chapter, 'Inward training' --
[Pt.] II : From social to metaphysical crisis : heaven parts from man --
1. From Confucius to Mencius : morality grounded in man's nature as generated by heaven --
Government --
The Controversy with Kao-tzu over human nature --
The Goodness of human nature --
Two Confucian essays : the 'Great learning' and the 'Doctrine of the mean' --
2. From Mo-tzu to later Mohism : morality re-grounded in rational utility --
Knowledge and naming --
Change and necessity --
The 'A priori' --
The First discipline : discourse (knowledge of how to connect names and objects) --
The Revised art of discourse in 'names and objects' --
The Second discipline : ethics (knowledge of how to act) --
The Third discipline : the sciences (knowledge of objects) --
The Fourth discipline : argumentation (knowledge of names) --
3. From Yangism to Chuang-tzu's Taoism : reconciliation with heaven by return to spontaneity --
The Name 'Taoism' --
The Book Chuang-tzu --
Stories about Chuang-tzu --
The Assault on reason --
The Later Mohist defence of reason --
Spontaneity --
The Illumination of spontaneity --
Waking and dream --
Heaven and man --
Language --
Reconciliation with death --
A 'School of Chuang-tzu' development : the 'Great man' metaphysic [Pt.] III : Heaven and man go their own ways --
1. Lao-tzu's Taoism : the art of ruling by spontaneity --
Old Tan and the book Lao-Tzu --
The Way --
Reversal --
Doing nothing --
The Mystical and the practical --
2. Hsün-tzu's Confucianism : morality as man's invention to control his nature --
Heaven --
Human nature --
The Heart --
Ceremony and music --
Theory of naming --
(1) The Purpose of having names --
(2) The Evidence for assimilating and differentiating --
(3) The Pivotal requirements for instituting names --
3. Legalism : an amoral science of statecraft --
Adapting to change --
Standards and laws --
The Debate over power, morality and law --
Control of the bureaucracy --
Legalism and Lao-tzu --
4. Two political heresies --
1. Criticism of hereditary monarchy --
2. The Question of Chinese anarchism --
The Chuang-tzu 'Primivist' --
[Pt.] IV : The Reunification of the Empire and of heaven and man --
1. The Cosmologists --
Proto-science and modern science --
Correlative thinking and correlative cosmos-building --
Cosmology before the Han --
Pairs : Yin and Yang --
Fours and fives : the five processes --
A Kuan-tzu cosmology based on water --
The Yi --
2. Syncretism and the victory of Confucianism --
Appendix 1 : A Classification of Chinese moral philosophies in terms of quasi-syllogism --
Appendix 2 : The Relation of Chinese thought to Chinese language --
Notes --
Romanisation conversion table : Wade-Giles/Pinyin.
Responsibility: A.C. Graham.
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