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DNA technology : a reference handbook

Author: David E Newton
Publisher: Santa Barbara, California : ABC-CLIO, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, [2017] ©2017
Series: Contemporary world issues.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Second editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
"DNA technology: a reference handbook provides an up-to-date historical overview and general technical background to the topic as well as a broad introduction to current issues related to the development of DNA technology, such as genetically modified organisms, the use of DNA technology in the forensic sciences, and genetic testing and genetic therapy. Written by David E. Newton, an author and former teacher who  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Handbooks and manuals
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Newton, David E.
DNA technology.
Santa Barbara, California : ABC-CLIO, LLC, [2017]
(DLC) 2016030934
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: David E Newton
ISBN: 9781440850479 144085047X
OCLC Number: 952657629
Description: xxii, 368 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Contents: Background and history --
Problems, issues, and solutions --
Perspectives --
Profiles --
Data and documents. 1. Background and history. Modifying life: the early history --
The birth of Genetics --
The road to DNA --
The structure of DNA --
The rise of molecular genetics --
Recombinant DNA technology --
Cloning--
Transgenic plants and animals --
Practical applications of transgenic organisms --
Gene therapy and genetic testing --
Forensic DNA testing --
Recent advances in DNA technology --
Conclusion --
References. ; 2. Problems, issues, and solutions. Forensic science --
Genetically modified organisms --
Xenotransplantation--
Pharming --
Genetic testing --
Genetic counseling --
Gene therapy --
Cloning --
The double-edged sword of CRISPR technology --
Conclusion --References. ; 3. Perspectives. Optogenetics / Arpita Dave --
Africans using autosomal DNA testing to find distant family members / LaKisha David --Mandatory GMO labeling is the "Right to be deceived" / Jon Entine --A brave new world for CRISPR/Cas9: Scientific limitations and ethical considerations / Rachele Hendricks-Sturrup --
Genome editing opens brave new world / Nerissa Hoglen --
Finding a face in the DNA / Clara MacCarald --
CRISPR controversies / Deirdre Manion-Fischer --
Modified DNA for targeted therapeutics / Manish Muhuri --
CRISPR and beyond - what the future holds for gene editing / Shelia T. Yong --
Forensic use of DNA technology / Jon Zonderman. ; 4. Profiles. Accreditation council for genetic counseling (ACGC) --
AgBioWorld--
American board of genetic counseling (ABGC) --
American society of bioethics and humanities (ASBH) --
American society of gene and cell therapy (ASGCT) --American society of human genetics (ASHG) --
W. French Anderson (1936-) --
Werner Arber (1929-) --
Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory (AFDIL) --Association of Forensic DNA Analysts and Administrators (AFDAA) --
Oswald Avery (1877-1955) --
Paul Berg (1926-) --
Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO) --
Biotechnology Regulatory Services (BRS) --
Herbert Boyer (1936-) --
California Certified Organic Farmer (CCOF) --
Center for bioethics and human dignity (CBHD) --
Center for food safety (CFS) --
Center for genetics and society (CGS)--
Center for genomics and public health (CGPH) --
Erwin Chargaff (1905-2002) --
Emmanuelle Charpentier (1968-) --
Mary-Dell Chilton (1939-) --
Coalition for genetic fairness (CGF) --
Stanley N. Cohen (1935-) --
Council for responsible genetics (CRG) --
Francis Crick (1916-2004) --
Karl Deisseroth (1971-) --
Jennifer Doudna (1964-) --
European NGO Network on Genetic Engineering (GENET) --
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) --
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) --Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958) --
Genetic Alliance --
Greenpeace --
Woo-suk Hwang (1953-) --
Innocence Project --
Institute for Responsible Technology (IRT) --
International Bioethics Committee (IBC) --
International Biopharmaceutical Association (IBPA) --
International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) --
Sir Alec Jeffreys (1950-) --
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) --
Johannes Friedrich Miescher (1844-1895) --
Juan Francisco Martinez Mojica (1963-) --
Kary Mullis (1944-) --
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) --
National Society of Genetics Counselors (NSGC) --
Marshall Nirenberg (1927-2010) --
Non-GMO Project --
Northwest Resistance against Genetic Engineering (NW RAGE) --
Office of Biotechnology Activities (OBA) --
Office of Public Health Genomics (OPHG) --
Organic Consumers Association (OCA) --
Ingo Potrykus (1933-) --
Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues --
Hamilton O. Smith (1931-) --
Robert A. Swanson (1947-1999) --
DizhouTong (1902-1979) --
Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) --
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) --
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) --
J. Craig Venter (1946-) --
James Watson (1928-). ; 5. Data and Documents. Data: Table 5.1 Adoption of genetically engineered crops in the United States, 1996-2015 --
Table 5.2 Types of genetically engineered corn and cotton in the United States, 2000-2015 --
Table 5.3 Number of releases, sites, and constructs authorized by APHIS for evaluation --
Table 5.4 Number of releases approved by APHIS by gene trait, to September 2013 --
Table 5.6 Institutions with greatestnumber of APHIS permits for genetically engineered crops, to September 2013 --Table 5.4 CODIS Statistics for 15 top states as of February 2016 --
Documents: Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc. (1993) --
Executive order 13145 (2000) --
Regulations with respect to genetically modified foods: European Union (2003) --
Alaska state law on genetic privacy (2004) - Post-conviction DNA testing (2004) --
United Nations declaration on human cloning (2005) --Additional protocol to the convention on human rights and biomedicine,concerning genetic testing for health purposes (2008) --
Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (2008) --
Vermont Act 120 (GM food labeling) (2014) --Rule 702. Federal rules of evidence (2015) --
Grocery Manufacturers Association,et al, v. William H. Sorrell, et al. Case No. 5: 14cv-117 (2015) --
People v.Collins, NY Slip Op 25227 [49 Misc 3d 595] (2015) --
Collection and use of DNA identification information from certain federal offenders 42 U.S. Code §14135a (2016) --
Issues of DNA Collection: Maryland v. King 569 U.S.___ --
State v. Medina, et al. 2014 VT 69 (2014).
Series Title: Contemporary world issues.
Responsibility: David E. Newton.

Abstract:

"DNA technology: a reference handbook provides an up-to-date historical overview and general technical background to the topic as well as a broad introduction to current issues related to the development of DNA technology, such as genetically modified organisms, the use of DNA technology in the forensic sciences, and genetic testing and genetic therapy. Written by David E. Newton, an author and former teacher who has dedicated a lifetime to authoring educational texts on science and technology, this book examines the history of DNA technology from its discovery in the 1950s to the present day and covers recent advances, such as new methods for gene editing, including CRISP-Cas9 technology. Readers need to have little or no background knowledge of the technology of genetic engineering to improve their understanding of DNA-based technologies and how DNA research influences many current issues and debates in agriculture, food science, forensics, public health, and other fields. The single-volume work is particularly well-suited to students and young adults because of the range of references included that serve further study, such as a glossary of terms, a chronology, and an extensive annotated bibliography"--Publisher's website.

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"This edition maintains the organization of the original, with sections for background and history; problems, issues, and solutions; profiles of individuals and organizations; data and documents; an Read more...

 
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Optogenetics / Arpita Dave -- Africans using autosomal DNA testing to find distant family members / LaKisha David --Mandatory GMO labeling is the "Right to be deceived" / Jon Entine --A brave new world for CRISPR/Cas9: Scientific limitations and ethical considerations / Rachele Hendricks-Sturrup -- Genome editing opens brave new world / Nerissa Hoglen -- Finding a face in the DNA / Clara MacCarald -- CRISPR controversies / Deirdre Manion-Fischer -- Modified DNA for targeted therapeutics / Manish Muhuri -- CRISPR and beyond - what the future holds for gene editing / Shelia T. Yong -- Forensic use of DNA technology / Jon Zonderman. ; 4. Profiles. Accreditation council for genetic counseling (ACGC) -- AgBioWorld-- American board of genetic counseling (ABGC) -- American society of bioethics and humanities (ASBH) -- American society of gene and cell therapy (ASGCT) --American society of human genetics (ASHG) -- W. 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Smith (1931-) -- Robert A. Swanson (1947-1999) -- DizhouTong (1902-1979) -- Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) -- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) -- U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) -- J. Craig Venter (1946-) -- James Watson (1928-). ; 5. Data and Documents. Data: Table 5.1 Adoption of genetically engineered crops in the United States, 1996-2015 -- Table 5.2 Types of genetically engineered corn and cotton in the United States, 2000-2015 -- Table 5.3 Number of releases, sites, and constructs authorized by APHIS for evaluation -- Table 5.4 Number of releases approved by APHIS by gene trait, to September 2013 -- Table 5.6 Institutions with greatestnumber of APHIS permits for genetically engineered crops, to September 2013 --Table 5.4 CODIS Statistics for 15 top states as of February 2016 -- Documents: Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc. 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