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Drug treatment as a crime fighting tool

Author: Mireia Jofre-Bonet; Jody Louise Sindelar; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, MA. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2002.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 9038.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Abstract: Drugs and crime are known to be correlated, but the direction of causality and the magnitude of the relationship have not been well established. We take a new approach to estimating this relationship and examine a little used, multi-site dataset of 3,500 inner-city drug users entering treatment. We analyze the change in crime and in drug use pre and post treatment, controlling for other covariates. We take  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Jofre-Bonet, Mireia.
Drug treatment as a crime fighting tool.
Cambridge, MA. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2002
(OCoLC)50422190
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Mireia Jofre-Bonet; Jody Louise Sindelar; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 50502768
Notes: "July 2002."
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. [S.l.] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010. MiAaHDL
Description: 1 online resource (33 pages).
Details: Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 9038.
Responsibility: Mireia Jofre-Bonet, Jody L. Sindelar.

Abstract:

Abstract: Drugs and crime are known to be correlated, but the direction of causality and the magnitude of the relationship have not been well established. We take a new approach to estimating this relationship and examine a little used, multi-site dataset of 3,500 inner-city drug users entering treatment. We analyze the change in crime and in drug use pre and post treatment, controlling for other covariates. We take first differences to address omitted variable problems. For our sample, we find that treatment reduces drug use which, in turn, reduced drug decreases crime. Reduced drug use due to treatment is associated with 54% fewer days of crime for profit, ceteris paribus. Our evidence suggests that, reduced drug use is causally related to reduced crime. This finding is robust to different specifications and subsamples. Our findings broadly suggest that drug treatment may be an effective crime-fighting tool. Given the huge and growing expense of the criminal justice system, drug treatment might be cost-effective relative to incarceration.

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