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Drug use trajectories among minority youth

Author: Yonette F Thomas; LeShawndra N Price
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer, 2016.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This volume examines trajectories of drug use among ethnic minority youth in the United States with a focus on African Americans and Hispanics. It also highlights what research designs have been employed to address these differences as well as suggests strategies for moving this discourse forward by identifying potential targets for prevention and intervention with minority youth. This book features essays by  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: (OCoLC)923648560
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Yonette F Thomas; LeShawndra N Price
ISBN: 9789401774918 9401774919
OCLC Number: 957955693
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Preface; Addiction Vulnerability; Interventions; Acknowledgments; Contents; Contributors; Chapter 1: Introduction; References; Chapter 2: Overview and Perspectives; What Does One Mean by Developmental Trajectories?; Etiological Factors-Risk and Protective Factors; Data Requirements and Availability; References; Chapter 3: Developmental Trajectories of Drug Use Among Whites and African-Americans: Evidence for the Crossover Hypothesis; Methods; The Data; Statistical Analysis; Results; Racial/Ethnic Specific Patterns of Drug Use How Real a Phenomenon Is Crossover in Smoking among Whites and African Americans? Paradox; Age of Onset and Persistence of Marijuana Use; Explaining the Crossover Phenomenon; Conclusion; References; Chapter 4: The Crossover Effect: The Influence of Social Roles in an African American Cohort; The Crossover Effect; The Importance of Social Roles; Social Roles and Drug Use; The Current Study; The Woodlawn Project; Study Design and Population; Attrition; Trends in Woodlawn Drug Use and Social Roles: Background; Comparison of Woodlawn and National Drug Use Comparisons of Social Roles between African Americans and Whites Measures; Cocaine Use Trajectories; Social Roles; Analysis; Results; Cocaine Use Trajectories; Woodlawn Males' Trajectories; Woodlawn Females' Trajectories; Cocaine Trajectories and Social Roles; Association with Social Roles for Woodlawn Men; Conclusion; References; Chapter 5: An Agenda for Longitudinal Research on Substance Use and Abuse with Hispanics in the U.S. And with Latin American Populations; Introduction Epidemiology of Substance Use among Hispanic Youth in the United States and Among Youth in Latin America Key Demographic Trends Among Hispanics in the U.S.; Longitudinal Studies of Substance Use with Hispanic Youth; Longitudinal Statistical Methods; Repeated Measures and Growth Trajectories; Multilevel Modeling; Fixed Effects Models; Conclusion; References; Chapter 6: The Stress of Discrimination: A Possible Influence on Drug Use Trajectory?; Introduction; Racial Differences in Substance Use Across the Life Course; Why Do These Rates Change?; The Role of Stress Stress and Life Transitions Racial Disadvantage in the Lives of African-Americans; The Neighborhood Context; The Experience of Racial discrimination; Increasing Socioeconomic Adversity for African Americans; Conclusions; References; Chapter 7: Race/Ethnicity, Religiosity and Differences and Similarities in American Adolescents' Substance Use; Introduction; Methods; Sample; Dependent Variables; Independent Variables; Analysis Strategy; Results; Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana Use; Religiosity-Importance, Attendance and Affiliation

Abstract:

This volume examines trajectories of drug use among ethnic minority youth in the United States with a focus on African Americans and Hispanics. It also highlights what research designs have been employed to address these differences as well as suggests strategies for moving this discourse forward by identifying potential targets for prevention and intervention with minority youth. This book features essays by leading experts in the field who have grappled with this issue for decades. Inside, readers will find an insightful dialogue that addresses such questions as: Why are African American and Hispanic youth more likely than their White peers to abstain from drug use during adolescence but are more likely to become problem users later in life? What impact does the stress caused by discrimination have on potential drug use? To what extent does religiosity protect minority youth from drug use as past research suggests that it protects White youth? What is the influence of neighborhood context on exposure to and use of substances among urban African American children? Taken together, the essays in this book identify underexplored risk and protective factors and gaps in the current state of knowledge that can be used to develop effective, culturally specific drug abuse prevention strategies. This book is for anyone with an interest in the initiation and escalation of drug use among African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos and factors that influence these patterns over the life course. It will also be an ideal resource for those interested in better understanding the mechanisms by which risk and protective factors are related to the development of drug use and addiction, particularly the ways in which such factors contribute to health differences and have disproportionately more negative consequences for ethnic minorities. .

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