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Drugs and drug policy : the control of consciousness alteration

Author: Clayton James Mosher; Scott Akins
Publisher: Thousand Oaks, California : SAGE, [2014]
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Second editionView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This book provides a perspective on the regulation of drug use by examining and critiquing drug policies in the United States and internationally in terms of their scope, goals and effectiveness. It discusses the physiological, psychological, and behavioural effects of legal and illicit drugs ; the patterns and correlates of use ; and theories of the causes of drug use.
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Clayton James Mosher; Scott Akins
ISBN: 9781452242392 1452242399
OCLC Number: 827527864
Description: xxv, 661 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: 1. Drug controversies and demonization --
Demonizing (illegal) drugs : the social construction of drug "epidemics" --
Glue sniffing --
Marijuana --
The portrayal of marijuana : 1800s to 1960 --
The portrayal of marijuana : 1960s to 1980s --
The portrayal of marijuana : 1980 and beyond --
Crack cocaine --
Heroin --
Ecstasy (MDMA) --
Methamphetamine --
Drug "epidemics" of the 2000s and 2010s --
Salvia divinorum --
Spice/K2 --
Bath salts --
Prescription drugs (synthetic opiates) --
2. Theories of drug use --
Nature theories --
Genetic/biological theories --
Disease theory --
Psychological theories --
Sociological theories --
Differential association, social learning, and subcultural learning theories --
Subcultural learning theories --
Social control/bonding theory --
Lifecourse/age-graded theory --
Anomie/strain theory --
Social conflict theory --
3. The effects of drugs : part I --
U.S. legal drug schedules --
Stimulants --
Caffeine --
"Energy" drinks --
Tobacco --
Cocaine --
Amphetamines --
Bath salts --
Ritalin, Adderall, and other ADD prescription drugs --
Ecstasy --
Depressants --
Alcohol --
Barbiturates --
Benzodiazepines --
GHB --
Inhalants --
Opiates --
Morphine --
Heroin --
Codeine --
Oxycodone --
Nonopiate analgesics --
4. The effects of drugs : part II --
Hallucinogens/psychedelics --
LSD --
Psilocybin --
Peyote and mescaline --
Salvia --
DMT and bufotenine --
PCP and ketamine --
Marijuana --
Spice/synthetic marijuana --
Antidepressant drugs --
Aphrodisiacs/erectile dysfunction drugs --
Steroids and other performance-enhancing drugs --
5. Patterns of illegal drug use --
Self-report surveys --
Monitoring the future --
Other surveys on adolescent drug use --
The National Survey on Drug Use and Health --
International data on adult drug use --
World Drug Report --
Data on substance use by adult offenders : ADAM and I-ADAM --
Drug Abuse Warning Network statistics --
Correlates of illegal drug use --
Age --
Gender/sex --
Race/ethnicity --
Social class --
Rural/urban location --
6. Patterns of legal drug use --
Age --
Use of drugs by the elderly --
Gender/sex --
Race/ethnicity --
African Americans --
Hispanics --
American Indians/Native Americans --
Asians and Pacific Islanders --
Social class --
Geography and rural/urban location. 7. Drug prevention programs --
Drug education programs --
D.A.R.E. --
Alternative drug education programs --
Antidrug advertising campaigns --
Zero-tolerance policies --
Drug testing policies --
Schools --
Drug testing of workers --
8. Drug treatment --
Pharmacological treatment approaches --
Drug agonists --
Drug antagonists --
Residential drug treatment programs --
Therapeutic communities --
Compulsory treatment programs --
Alcoholics Anonymous --
The 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous --
Outpatient drug treatment --
9. Policies regulating legal drugs, part I : alcohol and tobacco --
Tobacco --
Brief history of tobacco regulation --
Bans on smoking in public places --
Restrictions on advertising and marketing of tobacco products --
Taxes on tobacco products --
The 1998 Tobacco Settlement and antismoking programs --
International tobacco legislation --
Future of tobacco regulation --
Alcohol --
Temperance movements and Prohibition in American history --
Alcohol regulation in the current era --
Minimum legal drinking age --
Regulating drinking on college campuses --
Drunk driving laws --
10. Policies regulating legal drugs, part II : prescription and performance-enhancing drugs and herbal supplements --
Regulation of pharmaceutical products --
Early legislation --
FDA approval of pharmaceutical products --
Regulating the sale and advertising of prescription drugs --
Restricting the sale of Canadian pharmaceutical products --
Advertising pharmaceutical products --
The criminal practices of pharmaceutical companies --
The political economy of the pharmaceutical business --
The future of prescription drug regulation? --
The regulation of performance-enhancing drugs --
The rationale for regulation --
National Collegiate Athletic Association --
International Olympic Committee --
Professional sports --
Federal government regulation of herbal and dietary supplements --
11. Policies regulating illegal drugs --
Trends in arrests and incarceration --
Racial and class-based inequality in the application of drug laws --
"Crack babies" --
"C.R.A.C.K." --
Mandatory minimum sentences --
"School zone" policies --
Public housing evictions --
Denial of welfare --
Denial of student aid --
Asset forfeiture --
Ecstasy and the RAVE Act --
Methamphetamine legislation --
Marijuana laws --
Hemp --
Medical marijuana --
The recent war on medical marijuana --
Marijuana legalization measures --
Signs of change? Recent changes in state drug laws and developments at the federal level --
12. Drug policies in other countries and U.S. influence --
International treaties --
Countries with severe drug policies --
Russia --
Asian and Middle Eastern countries --
Drug policies in Western countries --
Australia --
Sweden --
Germany --
Portugal --
Spain --
The Netherlands --
Britain --
Canada --
American influence and intervention in drug-producing countries --
Certification policies --
Mexico and other Central American countries --
Afghanistan.
Responsibility: Clayton J. Mosher, Washington State University-Vancouver ; Scott M. Akins, Oregon State University.

Abstract:

Drugs and Drug Policy provides a perspective on the regulation of drug use by examining and critiquing drug policies in the United States and internationally in terms of their scope, goals and  Read more...

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