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Dynamic optimality and multi-splay trees

Author: Daniel D Sleator; Chengwen Chris Wang
Publisher: Pittsburgh, Pa. : School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, [2004]
Series: Research paper (Carnegie Mellon University. School of Computer Science), CMU-CS-04-171.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Abstract: "The Dynamic Optimality Conjecture [ST85] states that splay trees are competitive (with a constant competitive factor) among the class of all binary search tree (BST) algorithms. Despite 20 years of research this conjecture is still unresolved. Recently Demaine et al. [DHIP04] suggested searching for alternative algorithms which have small, but non-constant competitive factors. They proposed tango, a BST  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Daniel D Sleator; Chengwen Chris Wang
OCLC Number: 57217789
Notes: "November 5, 2004."
Description: 12 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Series Title: Research paper (Carnegie Mellon University. School of Computer Science), CMU-CS-04-171.
Responsibility: Daniel Dominic Sleator and Chengwen Chris Wang.

Abstract:

Abstract: "The Dynamic Optimality Conjecture [ST85] states that splay trees are competitive (with a constant competitive factor) among the class of all binary search tree (BST) algorithms. Despite 20 years of research this conjecture is still unresolved. Recently Demaine et al. [DHIP04] suggested searching for alternative algorithms which have small, but non-constant competitive factors. They proposed tango, a BST algorithm which is nearly dynamically optimal -- its competitive ratio is O(log log n) instead of a constant. Unfortunately, for many access patterns, tango is worse than other BST algorithms by a factor of log log n. In this paper we introduce multi-splay trees, which can be viewed as a variant of splay trees. We prove the multi-splay access lemma, which resembles the access lemma for splay trees. With different assignment of weights, this lemma allows us to prove various bounds on the performance of multi-splay trees. Specifically, we prove that multi-splay trees are O(log log n)-competitive, and amortized O(log n). This is the first BST data structure to simultaneously achieve these two bounds. In addition, the algorithm is simple enough that we include code for its key parts."

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