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Ecological rationality : intelligence in the world

Author: Peter M Todd; Gerd Gigerenzer
Publisher: Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, ©2012.
Series: Evolution and cognition.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"'More information is always better, and full information is best. More computation is always better, and optimization is best.' More-is-better ideals such as these have long shaped our vision of rationality. Yet humans and other animals typically rely on simple heuristics to solve adaptive problems, focusing on one or a few important cues and ignoring the rest, and shortcutting computation rather than striving for  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Peter M Todd; Gerd Gigerenzer
ISBN: 9780195315448 0195315448
OCLC Number: 756200146
Description: xviii, 590 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
Contents: What is ecological rationality? / Peter M. Todd and Gerd Gigerenzer --
How heuristics handle uncertainty / Henry Brighton and Gerd Gigerenzer --
When simple is hard to accept / Robin M. Hogarth --
Rethinking cognitive biases as environmental consequences / Gerd Gigerenzer, Klaus Fiedler, and Henrik Olsson --
When is the recognition heuristic an adaptive tool? / Thorsten Pachur [and others] --
How smart forgetting helps heuristic inference / Lael J. Schooler, Ralph Hertwig, and Stefan M. Herzog --
How groups use partial ignorance to make good decisions / Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos and Torsten Reimer --
Redundancy: environment structure that simple heuristics can exploit / Jörg Rieskamp and Anja Dieckmann --
The quest for take-the-best: insights and outlooks from experimental research / Arndt Bröder --
Efficient cognition through limited search / Gerd Gigerenzer, Anja Dieckmann, and Wolfgang Gaissmaier --
Simple rules for ordering cues in one-reason decision making / Anja Dieckmann and Peter M. Todd --
Why rare things are precious: how rarity benefits inference / Craig R.M. McKenzie and Valerie M. Chase --
Ecological rationality for teams and committees: heuristics in group decision making / Torsten Reimer and Ulrich Hoffrage --
Naïve, fast, and, frugal trees for classification / Laura F. Martignon, Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos, and Jan K. Woike --
How estimation can benefit from an imbalanced world / Ralph Hertwig, Ulrich Hoffrage, and Rüdiger Sparr --
Designed to fit minds: institutions and ecological rationality / Will M. Bennis [and others] --
Designing risk communication in health / Stephanie Kurzenhäuser and Ulrich Hoffrage --
Car parking as a game between simple heuristics / John M.C. Hutchinson, Carola Fanselow, and Peter M. Todd --
Ecological rationality: the normative study of heuristics / Gerd Gigerenzer and Peter M. Todd.
Series Title: Evolution and cognition.
Responsibility: Peter M. Todd and Gerd Gigerenzer.
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Abstract:

"'More information is always better, and full information is best. More computation is always better, and optimization is best.' More-is-better ideals such as these have long shaped our vision of rationality. Yet humans and other animals typically rely on simple heuristics to solve adaptive problems, focusing on one or a few important cues and ignoring the rest, and shortcutting computation rather than striving for as much as possible. In this book, we argue that in an uncertain world, more information and computation are not always better, and we ask when, and why, less can be more. The answers to these questions constitute the idea of ecological rationality: how we are able to achieve intelligence in the world by using simple heuristics matched to the environments we face, exploiting the structures inherent in our physical, biological, social, and cultural surroundings."--Publisher's description.

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