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The economic implications of aging societies : the costs of living happily ever after

Author: Steven A Nyce; Sylvester J Schieber
Publisher: Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The Economic Implications of Aging Societies describes current trends in birth rates, longevity, and labor force participation and productivity, the cross-border flow of capital, the globalization of labor markets, the financial viability of social insurance programs, and the ways economic output is shared between working-age and retiree populations. There is no single magic-bullet solution to the demographic  Read more...
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Steven A Nyce; Sylvester J Schieber
ISBN: 052185153X 9780521851534 0521617243 9780521617246
OCLC Number: 57185513
Description: xxv, 396 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Contents: Introduction --
Population developments in a global context : A brief historical perspective ; Underlying forces driving changing population structures ; Changing life expectancy ; Changing fertility rates ; Immigration rates ; Evolving national populations ; National population age structures ; The prospects of growing age dependency --
Pension options, motivations and choices : Retirement plans as a consumption allocation mechanism ; Approaches to financing pensions ; Factors behind national retirement choices ; Why pay-go pensions became so popular ; New realities spur new considerations on pension choices ; Demographics and the efficiency of alternative pension systems ; Labor supply patterns and the efficiency of alternative pension systems ; Interest rates and wage growth and the efficiency of alternative pension systems ; Aging populations in the context of total economic dependency ; New realities raise concerns for policy analysts --
Pension structures and the implications of aging : Contemporary approaches to providing income security for the elderly ; Public first tiers in the retirement system ; Public second tiers in the retirement system ; Employer-sponsored third tiers in the retirement system ; Retirement ages, retirement patterns, and retiree populations ; Retiree income levels ; Sources of retiree income --
Retirement systems and the economic costs of aging : Consumption and savings rates under alternative retirement systems ; Retirement saving versus consumption loans ; Another view of consumption and savings rates under retirement systems ; Retirement patterns under alternative retirement systems ; Retirement living standards under alternative retirement systems ; Pension funding realities ; What appears to be pension funding might not be real funding ; Funded pensions cannot overcome all demographic challenges ; Pension transitions are costly and raise equity issues --
Beyond pensions to health care considerations : Age and health consumption patterns ; Factors other than aging driving up health costs ; Longer lives and health care consumption in old age ; Explaining the intensity spiral in health care consumption ; Policy concerns over the evolution of health technology ; Long term care provision in changing societies ; The health care dilemma --
Labor supply and living standards : Building blocks for producing national output ; The story behind changing labor productivity levels ; Improving productivity leads to improved living standards ; Demographics and output demand ; The linkages between output demand and labor demand ; The foundation for growth in the coming decades ; Retirement systems' role in determining retirement burden levels. Too many wants or too few workers? : Framework and baseline for viewing the labor market options ; Increasing labor force participation generally ; Increasing female labor force participation rates ; Increasing labor force participation of older people ; Increasing labor force participation of young adults ; Matching labor force participation rates of high-rate countries ; Immigration as a potential source of added workers --
Alternatives to finding more workers : Capital deepening as a possible alternative to additional labor supply ; Utilizing existing human capital more efficiently --
Aligning retirement policy with labor needs : The role of plan structure on retirement and work behavior ; Factors affecting early labor force withdrawals ; Effects of occupational programs on labor markets ; Workforce incentives created by non-employment benefits --
Funding pensions and securing retiree claims : Case studies of nations shifting to funded pensions ; Asset management and utilization in funded pension systems ; Investing pension funds in government bonds ; Motivations for individual account systems and their operation ; Foreign investment as a means to achieving fair returns ; Potential international demand for pension fund savings --
Macroeconomic policies for improved living standards : Pursuing higher labor force participation levels ; Pursuing higher rates of productivity growth ; Spreading the benefits of added economic growth ; Investing in developing economies --
Risks associated with alternative public policies : Insuring against economic risks during the working period ; Insuring against economic risks during the retirement period ; The political economy risks in aging societies ; The risks of denial of a problem ; Political risks from delay in addressing aging issues --
Roadmap to the future : Principles for reforming national pensions ; Maintain disability and early survivors programs as social insurance ; Continue to provide extra protection to the economically vulnerable ; Saving through retirement savings programs increases flexibility ; Pension reform should provide equitable treatment between participants ; Pension funding transition costs should be spread across generations ; Pension accounting should be done on an accrual basis ; The pension system should be structured to encourage economic efficiency ; Assure that risks borne by individuals are diversified and at tolerable levels ; Keep administrative costs low --
Some portion of retirement savings should be annuitized at retirement ; Annuitization should be on a joint and survivor basis for couples ; Reforms should assure long-term solvency of the pension system ; Pension reforms should be explicit and transparent ; Benefits in reformed pension systems should be transparent ; Pension reforms should be undertaken as soon as possible ; Principles for reforming employer-based pensions ; Bringing health care under control ; Facilitating cross-national capital flows ; Conclusion.
Responsibility: Steven A. Nyce, Sylvester J. Schieber.
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This book documents challenging consequences aging societies face: fewer workers, stretched pensions, questionable economic sustainability.  Read more...

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'... 'perhaps the most comprehensive analysis to date of the macroeconomic implications over the next few decades of current demographic trends in a wide range of countries.' The material is Read more...

 
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