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Ecuador

Author: Betty Jane Meggers
Publisher: New York : Praeger, [1966]
Series: Ancient peoples and places (Praeger), v. 49.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
From the Blurb: Bordered by the Pacific Ocean, crossed by numerous rivers, and easily accessible through the mountain passes of Colombia and Peru, Ecuador was the meeting place of many cultures throughout Latin America's prehistory. Yet relatively little is known of its earliest civilizations. In this first detailed synthesis of Ecuadorian archaeology in more than a half-century, Betty Meggers attempts to define the  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Meggers, Betty Jane.
Ecuador.
New York : Praeger, [1966]
(OCoLC)704313527
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Betty Jane Meggers
OCLC Number: 486202
Description: 220 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.
Contents: List of illustrations --
Preface --
1: Introduction: --
Geographical setting --
Chronological framework and terminology --
Absolute dating --
2: Preceramic Period: --
3: Early Formative Period: --
Valdivia phase --
Transpacific contact --
Machalilla phase --
Cultural development on the coast during the early formative period --
Early formative highland complexes --
4: Late Formative Period: --
Chorrera phase --
Mesoamerican contact --
Late formative in the highlands --
Ecological factors and the end of the formative period --
5: Regional Developmental Period: --
General characteristics --
Guangala phase --
Jambeli phase --
Tejar and Daule phases --
Bahia phase --
Jama/Coaque phase --
Tolita phase --
Tione phase --
Chaullabamba phase --
Tuncahuan phase --
Northern highlands --
Local variation during the regional developmental period --
6: Integration Period: --
General characteristics --
Manteno phase --
Milagro phase --
Atacames phase --
Cara phase --
Puruha phase --
Canari phase --
Napo phase --
Regional variation during the integration period --
7: Inca Conquest: --
Highlands --
Coast --
End of the prehistoric era --
Text references --
Select bibliography --
Sources of illustrations --
Plates --
Notes on the plates --
Index.
Series Title: Ancient peoples and places (Praeger), v. 49.
Responsibility: Betty J. Meggers.

Abstract:

From the Blurb: Bordered by the Pacific Ocean, crossed by numerous rivers, and easily accessible through the mountain passes of Colombia and Peru, Ecuador was the meeting place of many cultures throughout Latin America's prehistory. Yet relatively little is known of its earliest civilizations. In this first detailed synthesis of Ecuadorian archaeology in more than a half-century, Betty Meggers attempts to define the country's role in New World prehistory. Basing her study on her own extensive fieldwork and on the absolute chronology afforded by Carbon-14 dating, she explores cultural developments from the time of the earliest pottery-making, about 3000 B.C., to the end of the prehistoric era, as marked by Topa Inca's conquest of highlands near Quito, some 4,500 years later. With reference to geographic, cultural and environmental factors, and to parallel developments in the other cultures of Central and South America, the author examines the major periods of Ecuador's past and the distinct local 'phases' of each. In addition to her work in the re-dating of previously accepted highlands time sequences, the author participated in a major archaeological event of our times, the discovery of prehistoric Japanese-like pottery in Ecuadorian coastal soil. This find could indicate that voyagers from Japan reached the New World some 5 millenniums ago-4,500 years before Columbus' first crossing. Even so, far more than the discovery of the Americas is in question. The presence of this pottery points to a direct interaction between East and West much earlier in the course of their cultural development than had previously been supposed, and suggest rational explanations for the many parallels in their antique civilizations. Generously illustrated with plates of important findings, maps, and charts, this book provides an instructive and stimulating introduction to a land only now beginning to yield up the secrets of its past.

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