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Education and HIV/AIDS prevention : evidence from a randomized evaluation in western Kenya

Author: Esther Duflo
Publisher: [Washington, D.C.] : World Bank, Development Economics, Office of the Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, [2006]
Series: Background paper to the 2007 World development report.; Policy research working papers (Online), 4024.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : International government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The authors report results from a randomized evaluation comparing three school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in Kenya: (1) training teachers in the Kenyan Government's HIV/AIDS-education curriculum; (2) encouraging students to debate the role of condoms and to write essays on how to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS; and (3) reducing the cost of education. Their primary measure of the effectiveness of these  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Education and HIV/AIDS prevention.
[Washington, D.C.] : World Bank, Development Economics, Office of the Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, [2006]
(OCoLC)76894305
Material Type: Document, Government publication, International government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Esther Duflo
OCLC Number: 156898957
Notes: Title from PDF file as viewed on 12/15/2006.
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. [S.l.] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010. MiAaHDL
Description: 1 online resource (33 pages).
Details: Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Series Title: Background paper to the 2007 World development report.; Policy research working papers (Online), 4024.
Responsibility: Esther Duflo [and others].

Abstract:

The authors report results from a randomized evaluation comparing three school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in Kenya: (1) training teachers in the Kenyan Government's HIV/AIDS-education curriculum; (2) encouraging students to debate the role of condoms and to write essays on how to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS; and (3) reducing the cost of education. Their primary measure of the effectiveness of these interventions is teenage childbearing, which is associated with unprotected sex. The authors also collected measures of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS. After two years, girls in schools where teachers had been trained were more likely to be married in the event of a pregnancy. The program had little other impact on students' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior, or on the incidence of teen childbearing. The condom debates and essays increased practical knowledge and self-reported use of condoms without increasing self-reported sexual activity. Reducing the cost of education by paying for school uniforms reduced dropout rates, teen marriage, and childbearing.

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