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The effects of democratization on public goods and redistribution : evidence from China

Author: Monica Martinez-Bravo; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2012.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 18101.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This study investigates the effects of introducing elections on public goods and redistribution in rural China. We collect a large and unique survey to document the history of political reforms and economic policies and exploit the staggered timing of the introduction of elections for causal identification. We find that elections significantly increase public goods expenditure, the increase corresponds to demand and  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Monica Martinez-Bravo; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 794502487
Notes: Title from http://www.nber.org/papers/18101 viewed May 30, 2012.
"May 2012."
Description: 1 online resource (53 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 18101.
Responsibility: Monica Martinez-Bravo [and others].

Abstract:

This study investigates the effects of introducing elections on public goods and redistribution in rural China. We collect a large and unique survey to document the history of political reforms and economic policies and exploit the staggered timing of the introduction of elections for causal identification. We find that elections significantly increase public goods expenditure, the increase corresponds to demand and is paralleled by an increase in public goods provision and local taxes. We also find that elections cause significant income redistribution within villages. The results support the basic assumptions of recent theories of democratization (Acemoglu and Robinson, 2000; Lizzeri and Persico, 2004). In addition, we show that the main mechanism underlying the effect of elections is increased leader incentives.

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