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The effects of paid family leave in California on labor market outcomes

Author: Charles L Baum; Christopher J Ruhm; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2013.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 19741.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Using data from the 1997 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY-97), we examine the effects of California's first in the nation government-mandated paid family leave program (CA-PFL) on mothers' and fathers' use of leave during the period surrounding child birth, and on the timing of mothers' return to work, the probability of eventually returning to pre-childbirth jobs, and subsequent labor  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Charles L Baum; Christopher J Ruhm; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 867788650
Notes: Title from http://www.nber.org/papers/19741 viewed January 9, 2014.
"December 2013."
Description: 1 online resource (48 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 19741.
Responsibility: Charles L. Baum, Christopher J. Ruhm.

Abstract:

Using data from the 1997 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY-97), we examine the effects of California's first in the nation government-mandated paid family leave program (CA-PFL) on mothers' and fathers' use of leave during the period surrounding child birth, and on the timing of mothers' return to work, the probability of eventually returning to pre-childbirth jobs, and subsequent labor market outcomes. Our results show that CA-PFL raised leave-taking by around 2.4 weeks for the average mother and just under one week for the average father. The timing of the increased leave use -- immediately after birth for men and around the time that temporary disability insurance benefits are exhausted for women -- is consistent with causal effects of CA-PFL. Rights to paid leave are also associated with higher work and employment probabilities for mothers nine to twelve months after birth, possibly because they increase job continuity among those with relatively weak labor force attachments. We also find positive effects of California's program on hours and weeks of work during their child's second year of life and possibly also on wages.

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