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Electoral rules and democracy in Latin America

Author: Cynthia McClintock
Publisher: Oxdord ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"During Latin America's third democratic wave, a majority of countries adopted a runoff rule for the election of the president, effectively dampening plurality voting, opening the political arena to new parties, and assuring the public that the president will never have anything less than majority support. In a region in which undemocratic political parties were common and have often been dominated by caudillos,  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
McClintock, Cynthia.
Electoral rules and democracy in Latin America.
Oxdord ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2018
(DLC) 2017046078
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Cynthia McClintock
ISBN: 9780190879778 0190879777
OCLC Number: 1029251721
Description: 1 online resource (xi, 317 pages)
Contents: Cover; Half title; Electoral Rules and Democracy in Latin America; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Acknowledgments; 1. Introduction; 2. Research Design and Quantitative Analysis; 3. Why Was Runoff Superior? Theory and Cross-â#x80;#x8B;National Evidence; 4. Plurality: Problems in Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, and Venezuela (and the Panama Exception); 5. Runoff: Success in Brazil, Chile, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, and Uruguay; 6. Runoff Amid a Plethora of Political Parties: Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, and Peru. 7. Runoff: Is a Reduced Threshold Better? Argentina and Costa Rica8. Conclusion and the Future of Presidential;Election Rules; Appendices; Notes; Bibliography; Index.
Responsibility: Cynthia McClintock.

Abstract:

"During Latin America's third democratic wave, a majority of countries adopted a runoff rule for the election of the president, effectively dampening plurality voting, opening the political arena to new parties, and assuring the public that the president will never have anything less than majority support. In a region in which undemocratic political parties were common and have often been dominated by caudillos, cautious naysayers have voiced concerns about the runoff process, arguing that a proliferation of new political parties vying for power is a sign of inferior democracy. This book is the first rigorous assessment of the implications of runoff versus plurality rules throughout Latin America, and demonstrates that, in contrast to early scholarly skepticism about runoff, it has been positive for democracy in the region. Primarily through qualitative analysis for each country, the author argues that, indeed, an important advantage of runoff is the greater openness of the political arena to new parties--at the same time that measures can be taken to inhibit party proliferation. In this context, it is also the first volume to address whether or not a runoff rule with a reduced threshold (for example, 40% with a 10-point lead) is a felicitous compromise between majority runoff and plurality. The book considers the potential for the superiority of runoff to travel beyond Latin America--in particular, and rather provocatively, to the United States"--

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In this exhaustively researched and well-written book, Cynthia McClintock argues persuasively that the ways that presidents are elected in Latin America - whether by a plurality of votes or in a run Read more...

 
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