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Electrochemical engineering

Author: Thomas Francis Fuller; John Naim Harb
Publisher: Hoboken, NJ, USA : Wiley, 2018. ©2018
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : First editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
"This book covers both fundamental principles and applications of electrochemical engineering. The goal is to create a text for classroom instruction or independent study at the senior undergraduate and beginning graduate student level. It provides numerous worked out illustrations as well as a large number of end-of chapter problems. A supplementary solution manual has been developed"--
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Fuller, Thomas Francis.
Electrochemical engineering.
Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2018
(DLC) 2017044994
(OCoLC)1004981758
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Thomas Francis Fuller; John Naim Harb
ISBN: 9781119446583 1119446589 9781119446590 1119446597
OCLC Number: 1005196944
Notes: Machine generated contents note: Preface Chapter 1 Introduction and Basic Principles (Charles Tobias) 1.1 Electrochemical Cells 1.2 Characterization of Electrochemical Reactions 1.3 Importance of Electrochemical Systems 1.4 Scientific Units, Constants and Conventions 1.5 Faraday's law 1.6 Faradaic efficiency 1.7 Current Density 1.8 Potential and Ohm's law 1.9 Electrochemical Systems: Example General References Problems Chapter 2 Cell Potential and Thermodynamics (W.M. Latimer) 2.1 Half-cell Reactions 2.2 Cell Potential 2.3 Expression for Cell Potential 2.4 Standard Potentials 2.5 Effect of Temperature on Standard Potential 2.6 Simplified Activity Coefficients 2.7 Use of Cell Potentials 2.8 Equilibrium constants 2.9 Pourbaix diagrams 2.10 Cells with a Liquid Junction 2.11 Reference electrodes 2.12 Equilibrium at Electrode Interface 2.13 Potential in Solution due to charge: Debye-Huckel theory 2.14 Activity and Activity Coefficients 2.15 Estimation of Activity Coefficients 2.16 Closure General References Problems Chapter 3 Electrochemical Kinetics (Alexander N. Frumkin) 3.1 Double Layer 3.2 Impact of potential on Reaction Rate 3.3 Use of the Butler-Volmer Kinetic Expression 3.4 Reaction Fundamentals 3.5 Simplified Forms of the Butler-Volmer Equation 3.6 Direct Fitting of the Butler-Volmer Equation 3.7 Influence of Mass Transfer on the Reaction Rate 3.8 Use of Kinetics Expression in Full Cells 3.9 Current Efficiency General References Problems Chapter 4 Transport (Carl Wagner) 4.1 Fick's Law 4.2 Nernst-Planck Equation 4.3 Conservation of Material 4.4 Transference Numbers, Mobilities, and Migration 4.5 Convective Mass Transfer 4.6 Concentration Overpotential 4.7 Current Distribution 4.8 Membrane transport General References Problems Chapter 5 Electrode Structures (John Newman) 5.1 Mathematical Description of Porous Electrodes 5.2 Characterization of Porous Electrodes 5.3 Impact of Porous Electrodes on Transport 5.4 Current Distribution in Porous Electrodes 5.5 The Gas-Liquid Interface in Porous Electrodes 5.6 Three Phase Electrodes 5.7 Electrode Configurations General References Problems Chapter 6 Electro-analytical Methods and Analysis of Electrochemical Systems (Jaroslav Heyrovsk) 6.1 Electrochemical Cells, Instrumentation and Some Practical Issues 6.2 Overview 6.3 Step change in Potential or Current for a semi-infinite planar electrode in a stagnant electrolyte 6.4 Electrode Kinetics and Double Layer Charging 6.5 Cyclic Voltammetry 6.6 Stripping Analysis 6.7 Electrochemical Impedance 6.8 Rotating Disk Electrode 6.9 iR Compensation 6.10 Micro-electrodes General References Problems Chapter 7 Battery Fundamentals (J.B. Goodenough) 7.1 Components of a Cell 7.2 Classification of Batteries and Cell Chemistries 7.3 Theoretical Capacity and State of Charge 7.4 Cell Characteristics and Electrochemical Performance 7.5 Ragone Plots 7.6 Heat Generation 7.7 Efficiency of Secondary Cells 7.8 Charge Retention and Self Discharge 7.9 Capacity Fade in Secondary Cells General References Problems Chapter 8 Battery Applications Cell and Battery Pack Design (Esther Takeuchi) 8.1 Introduction to Battery Design 8.2 Battery Layout Using a Specific Cell Design 8.3 Scaling of Cells to Adjust Capacity 8.4 Electrode and Cell Design to Achieve Rate Capability 8.5 Cell Construction 8.6 Charging of Batteries 8.7 Use of Resistance to Characterize Battery Performance 8.8 Battery Management 8.9 Thermal Management Systems 8.10 Mechanical Considerations General References Problems Chapter 9 Fuel Cell Fundamentals (Supramaniam Srinivasan) 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Types of Fuel Cells Classified by Electrolytes 9.3 Current Voltage Characteristics and Polarizations 9.4 Effect of Operating Conditions and Maximum Power 9.5 Electrode Structure 9.6 Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 9.7 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells General References Problems Chapter 10 Fuel Cell Stack and System Design and Applications (Francis Bacon) 10.1 Introduction and Overview of Systems Analysis 10.2 Basic Stack Design Concepts 10.3 Cell Stack Configurations 10.4 Basic Construction and Components 10.5 Utilization of Fuel and Oxidant 10.6 Flow Field Design 10.7 Water and Thermal Management 10.8 Structural-Mechanical Considerations 10.9 Case Study General References Problems Chapter 11 Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors (Brian E. Conway) 11.1 Capacitor Introduction 11.2 Electrical Double Layer Capacitance 11.3 Current Voltage Relationship for Capacitors 11.4 Porous EDLC Electrodes 11.5 Impedance Analysis of EDLCs 11.6 Full Cell EDLC Analysis 11.7 Power and Energy Capabilities 11.8 Cell design, practical operation and electrochemical capacitor performance 11.9 Pseudo-capacitance General References Problems Chapter 12 Energy Storage and Conversion for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (Ferdinand Porsche) 12.1 Why Electric and Hybrid-electric Systems 12.2 Driving Schedules and Power Demand in Vehicles 12.3 Regenerative Braking 12.4 Battery Electric Vehicle 12.5 Hybrid Vehicle Architectures 12.6 Start-stop Hybrid 12.7 Batteries for Full Hybrid-Electric Vehicles 12.8 Fuel-cell Hybrid Systems for Vehicles General References Problems Appendix 12A Primer on Vehicle Dynamics Chapter 13 Electro-deposition (Richard Alkire) 13.1 Overview 13.2 Faraday's Law and Deposit Thickness 13.3 Electrodeposition Fundamentals 13.4 Formation of Stable Nuclei 13.5 Nucleation Rates 13.6 Growth of Nuclei 13.7 Deposit Morphology 13.8 Additives 13.9 Impact of Current Distribution 13.10 Impact of Side Reactions 13.11 Resistive Substrates General References Problems Chapter 14 Electrolysis, Redox-flow batteries, and Regenerative Fuel Cells (Fumio Hine) 14.1 Overview of Industrial Electrolysis 14.2 Performance Measures 14.3 Voltage Losses and the Polarization Curve 14.4 Design of Electrochemical Reactors for Industrial Applications 14.5 Example of Industrial Electrolytic Processes 14.6 Thermal Management and Cell Operation 14.7 Electrolytic Processes for a Sustainable Future 14.8 Redox flow batteries General References Problems Chapter 15 Semiconductors Electrodes and Photoelectrochemical Cells (Heinz Gerischer) 15.1 Semiconductor Basics 15.2 Energy Scales 15.3 Semiconductor/Electrolyte Interface 15.4 Current Flow in the Dark 15.5 Light Absorption 15.6 Photoelectrochemical Effects 15.7 Open-circuit Voltage for Illuminated Electrodes 15.8 Photoelectrochemical Cells General References Problems Chapter 16 Corrosion (Ulick R. Evans) 16.1 Corrosion Fundamentals 16.2 Thermodynamics of Corrosion Systems 16.3 Corrosion Rate for Uniform Corrosion 16.4 Localized Corrosion 16.5 Corrosion Protection General References Problems Appendices A Electrochemical Reactions and Standard Potentials B Fundamental Constants C Thermodynamic Data D Mechanics of Materials Subject Index.
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Preface ixList of Symbols xiAbout the Companion Website xv1. Introduction and Basic Principles 1Charles W. Tobias1.1 Electrochemical Cells 11.2 Characteristics of Electrochemical Reactions 21.3 Importance of Electrochemical Systems 41.4 Scientific Units, Constants, Conventions 51.5 Faraday's Law 61.6 Faradaic Efficiency 81.7 Current Density 91.8 Potential and Ohm's Law 91.9 Electrochemical Systems: Example 10Closure 13Further Reading 13Problems 132. Cell Potential and Thermodynamics 15Wendell Mitchell Latimer2.1 Electrochemical Reactions 152.2 Cell Potential 152.3 Expression for Cell Potential 172.4 Standard Potentials 182.5 Effect of Temperature on Standard Potential 212.6 Simplified Activity Correction 222.7 Use of the Cell Potential 242.8 Equilibrium Constants 252.9 Pourbaix Diagrams 252.10 Cells with a Liquid Junction 272.11 Reference Electrodes 272.12 Equilibrium at Electrode Interface 302.13 Potential in Solution Due to Charge: Debye-Huckel Theory 312.14 Activities and Activity Coefficients 332.15 Estimation of Activity Coefficients 35Closure 36Further Reading 36Problems 363. Electrochemical Kinetics 41Alexander Naumovich Frumkin3.1 Double Layer 413.2 Impact of Potential on Reaction Rate 423.3 Use of the Butler-Volmer Kinetic Expression 463.4 Reaction Fundamentals 493.5 Simplified Forms of the Butler-Volmer Equation 503.6 Direct Fitting of the Butler-Volmer Equation 523.7 The Influence of Mass Transfer on the Reaction Rate 543.8 Use of Kinetic Expressions in Full Cells 553.9 Current Efficiency 58Closure 58Further Reading 59Problems 594. Transport 63Carl Wagner4.1 Fick's Law 634.2 Nernst-Planck Equation 634.3 Conservation of Material 654.4 Transference Numbers, Mobilities, and Migration 714.5 Convective Mass Transfer 754.6 Concentration Overpotential 794.7 Current Distribution 814.8 Membrane Transport 86Closure 87Further Reading 88Problems 885. Electrode Structures and Configurations 93John Newman5.1 Mathematical Description of Porous Electrodes 945.2 Characterization of Porous Electrodes 965.3 Impact of Porous Electrode on Transport 975.4 Current Distributions in Porous Electrodes 985.5 The Gas-Liquid Interface in Porous Electrodes 1025.6 Three-Phase Electrodes 1035.7 Electrodes with Flow 105Closure 108Further Reading 108Problems 1086. Electroanalytical Techniques and Analysis of Electrochemical Systems 113Jaroslav Heyrovsky6.1 Electrochemical Cells, Instrumentation, and Some Practical Issues 1136.2 Overview 1156.3 Step Change in Potential or Current for a Semi-Infinite Planar Electrode in a Stagnant Electrolyte 1166.4 Electrode Kinetics and Double-Layer Charging 1186.5 Cyclic Voltammetry 1226.6 Stripping Analyses 1276.7 Electrochemical Impedance 1296.8 Rotating Disk Electrodes 1366.9 iR Compensation 1396.10 Microelectrodes 141Closure 145Further Reading 145Problems 1457. Battery Fundamentals 151John B. Goodenough7.1 Components of a Cell 1517.2 Classification of Batteries and Cell Chemistries 1527.3 Theoretical Capacity and State of Charge 1567.4 Cell Characteristics and Electrochemical Performance 1587.5 Ragone Plots 1637.6 Heat Generation 1647.7 Efficiency of Secondary Cells 1667.8 Charge Retention and Self-Discharge 1677.9 Capacity Fade in Secondary Cells 168Closure 169Further Reading 169Problems 1698. Battery Applications: Cell and Battery Pack Design 175Esther Sans Takeuchi8.1 Introduction to Battery Design 1758.2 Battery Layout Using a Specific Cell Design 1768.3 Scaling of Cells to Adjust Capacity 1788.4 Electrode and Cell Design to Achieve Rate Capability 1818.5 Cell Construction 1838.6 Charging of Batteries 1848.7 Use of Resistance to Characterize Battery Peformance 1858.8 Battery Management 1868.9 Thermal Management Systems 1888.10 Mechanical Considerations 190Closure 191Further Reading 191Problems 1919. Fuel-Cell Fundamentals 195Supramaniam Srinivasan9.1 Introduction 1959.2 Types of Fuel Cells 1979.3 Current-Voltage Characteristics and Polarizations 1989.4 Effect of Operating Conditions and Maximum Power 2029.5 Electrode Structure 2059.6 Proton-Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells 2069.7 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 211Closure 215Further Reading 215Problems 21610. Fuel-Cell Stack and System Design 223Francis Thomas Bacon10.1 Introduction and Overview of Systems Analysis 22310.2 Basic Stack Design Concepts 22610.3 Cell Stack Configurations 22810.4 Basic Construction and Components 22910.5 Utilization of Oxidant and Fuel 23110.6 Flow-Field Design 23510.7 Water and Thermal Management 23810.8 Structural-Mechanical Considerations 24110.9 Case Study 245Closure 247Further Reading 247Problems 24711. Electrochemical Double-Layer Capacitors 251Brian Evans Conway11.1 Capacitor Introduction 25111.2 Electrical Double-Layer Capacitance 25311.3 Current-Voltage Relationship for Capacitors 25911.4 Porous EDLC Electrodes 26111.5 Impedance Analysis of EDLCs 26311.6 Full Cell EDLC Analysis 26611.7 Power and Energy Capabilities 26711.8 Cell Design, Practical Operation, and Electrochemical Capacitor Performance 26911.9 Pseudo-Capacitance 271Closure 273Further Reading 273Problems 27312. Energy Storage and Conversion for Hybrid and Electrical Vehicles 277Ferdinand Porsche12.1 Why Electric and Hybrid-Electric Systems? 27712.2 Driving Schedules and Power Demand in Vehicles 27912.3 Regenerative Braking 28112.4 Battery Electrical Vehicle 28212.5 Hybrid Vehicle Architectures 28412.6 Start-Stop Hybrid 28512.7 Batteries for Full-Hybrid Electric Vehicles 28712.8 Fuel-Cell Hybrid Systems for Vehicles 291Closure 293Further Reading 294Problems 294Appendix: Primer on Vehicle Dynamics 29513. Electrodeposition 299Richard C. Alkire13.1 Overview 29913.2 Faraday's Law and Deposit Thickness 30013.3 Electrodeposition Fundamentals 30013.4 Formation of Stable Nuclei 30313.5 Nucleation Rates 30513.6 Growth of Nuclei 30813.7 Deposit Morphology 31013.8 Additives 31113.9 Impact of Current Distribution 31213.10 Impact of Side Reactions 31413.11 Resistive Substrates 316Closure 319Further Reading 319Problems 31914. Industrial Electrolysis, Electrochemical Reactors, and Redox-Flow Batteries 323Fumio Hine14.1 Overview of Industrial Electrolysis 32314.2 Performance Measures 32414.3 Voltage Losses and the Polarization Curve 32814.4 Design of Electrochemical Reactors for Industrial Applications 33114.5 Examples of Industrial ElectrolyticProcesses 33714.6 Thermal Management and Cell Operation 34114.7 Electrolytic Processes for a Sustainable Future 34314.8 Redox-Flow Batteries 348Closure 350Further Reading 350Problems 35015. Semiconductor Electrodes and Photoelectrochemical Cells 355Heinz Gerischer15.1 Semiconductor Basics 35515.2 Energy Scales 35815.3 Semiconductor-Electrolyte Interface 36015.4 Current Flow in the Dark 36315.5 Light Absorption 36615.6 Photoelectrochemical Effects 36815.7 Open-Circuit Voltage for Illuminated Electrodes 36915.8 Photo-Electrochemical Cells 370Closure 375Further Reading 375Problems 37516. Corrosion 379Ulick Richardson Evans16.1 Corrosion Fundamentals 37916.2 Thermodynamics of Corrosion Systems 38016.3 Corrosion Rate for Uniform Corrosion 38316.4 Localized Corrosion 39016.5 Corrosion Protection 394Closure 399Further Reading 399Problems 399Appendix A: Electrochemical Reactions and Standard Potentials 403Appendix B: Fundamental Constants 404Appendix C: Thermodynamic Data 405Appendix D: Mechanics of Materials 408Index 413
Responsibility: Thomas F. Fuller & John N. Harb.

Abstract:

"This book covers both fundamental principles and applications of electrochemical engineering. The goal is to create a text for classroom instruction or independent study at the senior undergraduate and beginning graduate student level. It provides numerous worked out illustrations as well as a large number of end-of chapter problems. A supplementary solution manual has been developed"--

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