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Electrolytic dissolution of nuclear fuels. Part III, Stainless steel (304) in nitrate solutions

Author: J R Aylward; Elizabeth M Whitener; Phillips Petroleum Company. Atomic Energy Division.; National Reactor Testing Station, Idaho (U.S.); Idaho Chemical Processing Plant.
Publisher: [Idaho Falls, Idaho] : U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Idaho Operations Office, [1962]
Series: AEC research and development report.; U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.; Idaho Operations Office.; IDO; TID, 4500 17th ed.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The potential-current density relationships for 304 stainless steel dissolution in a nitrate system were studied as a function of solution composition and temperature in order to optimize the conditions for electrolytic dissolution of ihis material. In the nitrate system, the anodic dissolution of steel takes place in the transpassive region. Under some conditions, deviations from Tafel behavior are observed which  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Aylward, J.R.
Electrolytic dissolution of nuclear fuels. Part III, Stainless steel (304) in nitrate solutions.
[Idaho Falls, Idaho] : U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Idaho Operations Office, [1962]
(OCoLC)688241981
Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: J R Aylward; Elizabeth M Whitener; Phillips Petroleum Company. Atomic Energy Division.; National Reactor Testing Station, Idaho (U.S.); Idaho Chemical Processing Plant.
OCLC Number: 727425767
Reproduction Notes: Electronic reproduction. [S.l.] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2011. MiAaHDL
Description: 1 online resource (23 pages) : illustrations.
Details: Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Contents: pt. I. Zirconium in HC1-Methanol / J.R. Aylward, E.M. Whitener, H.T. Hahn --
pt. II. Nichrome in nitrate solutions / J.R. Aylward, E.M. Whitener --
pt. III. Stainless steel (304) in nitrate solutions / J.R. Aylward, E.M. Whitener.
Series Title: AEC research and development report.; U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.; Idaho Operations Office.; IDO; TID, 4500 17th ed.
Other Titles: Technical report archive and image library.
Responsibility: J.R. Aylward, E.M. Whitener.

Abstract:

The potential-current density relationships for 304 stainless steel dissolution in a nitrate system were studied as a function of solution composition and temperature in order to optimize the conditions for electrolytic dissolution of ihis material. In the nitrate system, the anodic dissolution of steel takes place in the transpassive region. Under some conditions, deviations from Tafel behavior are observed which depend greatly on the nitrate and hydrogen ion concentration, and on temperature. A discussion of passivity, transpassivity, secondary passivation, the limiting current density, and the effect of alloy composition on the dissolution behavior is given. It was found that at temperatures above 60 deg C efficient dissolver operation should be possible over a wide range of solution compositions and at current densities up to 2 amp/cm/sup 2/. (auth).

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