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Electronic cigarettes : a review of the clinical evidence and safety

Author: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.
Publisher: [Ottawa, Ont.] : Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, 2012
Series: Rapid response report.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Electronic-cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are an electronic nicotine delivery device powered by a battery, often resembling a cigarette. E-cigarettes consist of a plastic tube, an electronic heating element, a liquid nicotine cartridge, and a lithium battery and atomization chamber with a membrane to suspend ingredients. Their main function is to deliver nicotine to the respiratory system without tobacco combustion, and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.
OCLC Number: 818083656
Notes: "13 August 2012."
Description: 1 online resource (25 pages) : tables, digital file.
Contents: Pages:1 to 8; Pages:9 to 16; Pages:17 to 24; Pages:25 to 25.
Series Title: Rapid response report.
Responsibility: [prepared by Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health].
More information:

Abstract:

Electronic-cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are an electronic nicotine delivery device powered by a battery, often resembling a cigarette. E-cigarettes consist of a plastic tube, an electronic heating element, a liquid nicotine cartridge, and a lithium battery and atomization chamber with a membrane to suspend ingredients. Their main function is to deliver nicotine to the respiratory system without tobacco combustion, and hence they are marketed as a safer alternative to smoking, as they eliminate the harmful tars and carbon monoxide. Information on the pharmacology, toxicology, and safety of e-cigarettes is limited. Some tobacco-specific impurities and potential harmful chemical products are found in the commonly available brands of e-cigarettes. Most e-cigarettes and mixtures are manufactured in China. Both US Food and Drug Administration and Health Canada have issued warnings of health risks posed by e-cigarettes. Because of the lack of data about their safety and efficacy, e-cigarettes have been banned in Australia, Canada, Singapore and Brazil. However, consumer interest in e-cigarettes is growing rapidly and concerns about their unregulated use are increasing. The purpose of this report is to review the clinical evidence regarding the utility, safety and harms associated with electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation in adults.

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