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|Additional Physical Format:||Online version:
Thorndike, Edward L. (Edward Lee), 1874-1949.
Elementary principles of education.
New York, The Macmillan Company, 1929
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Edward L Thorndike; Arthur I Gates
|Description:||x, 335 pages diagrams 21 cm|
|Contents:||1. The province of education : General characteristics of education ; The need of education ; Means of making education better --
2. The ultimate aims of education : Aims of education in terms of human wants ; Happiness as an aim of education ; Education as preparation for life ; Growth and reorganization of experiences ; Perfectionism ; Other narrow aims of education ; Limitations of culture as a general aim ; Knowledge as an aim of education --
3. The major present needs of education : Adjustments to the physical world ; Adjustments to economic situations ; Adjustments to family situations ; Adjustments to social situations ; Adjustments to civic situations ; Physical Health ; Mental health and balance ; Recreational resources ; Philosophic, ethical, and religious resources ; Intellectual resources --
4. The original nature of man : Man as a species ; Conditions which satisfy and annoy ; The nature of human wants ; Inventory of the major human wants ; The social wants and reactions ; Original equipment of knowledge, ideals, and skills ; The use of original tendencies in education --
5. The main characteristics of learning : Learning as reacting ; The law of effect ; The law of readiness ; The influence of practice ; The complexity of reactions ; Primary an concomitant learnings ; The transfer of acquired reactions --
6. The acquisition of knowledge and the ability to think : Classification of types of learnable reactions ; Acquisition of reactions of information or knowledge of facts ; Advantages of expression by language ; Advantages of expression by the activities of the arts and industries ; Disadvantages of language and of overt activities as forms of expressions ; Thinking and other intellectual skills --
7. The acquisition of motor, moral, and appreciative reactions : Developing motor skills ; Responses of conduct ; Reactions of emotions and feelings ; Appreciations and the aesthetic feelings --
8. The choice of subjects and activities : The main criterion of a subject value ; Weighting values to secure proper balance ; Correlating school and other educative influences ; Comparing primary and concomitant learning ; Evaluating concomitant or transfer values ; Evaluating present and future values ; Evaluating the influence of interest ; The need of scientific investigations --
9. The influence of age and maturity : Reasons for emphasizing education in infancy ; Education and guardianship during and after adolescence ; Values and limitations of prolonged full-time education ; Prolonged education into adult life ; Placement and organization of materials and methods in accordance with the developmental status of learners --
10. The influence of individual differences : Nature of individual differences in single traits ; Individual differences in combinations of traits ; Educational significance of individual differences ; Some false assumptions concerning individual differences --
11. Methods of teaching : Ten criteria of method previously mentioned ; Classification of method ; Book teaching versus oral teaching ; Methods of book study ; The method of discussion ; The lecture method --
12. Methods of teaching (cont.) : The practice of drill method ; The demonstration method ; The laboratory or experimental method ; The project method ; The method of dramatic expression ; Methods of self-activity --
13. Appraising the results of education : Results of school education ; Characteristics of educational measures ; Present status of the testing movement ; Values of tests and measurements ; Dangers and limitations of the measurement movement --
14. Functions of the elementary, secondary, and higher schools : Review of guiding principles ; The lower elementary school ; The elementary school ; The secondary school ; Institutions for higher education.
|Responsibility:||by Edward L. Thorndike and Arthur I. Gates.|