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Embedded computing : a VLIW approach to architecture, compilers and tools

Author: Joseph A Fisher; Paolo Faraboschi; Clifford Young
Publisher: San Francisco, Calif. : Morgan Kaufmann, ©2005.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
The fact that there are more embedded computers than general-purpose computers and that we are impacted by hundreds of them every day is no longer news. What is news is that their increasing performance requirements, complexity and capabilities demand a new approach to their design. Fisher, Faraboschi, and Young describe a new age of embedded computing design, in which the processor is central, making the approach  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Fisher, Joseph A.
Embedded computing.
San Francisco, Calif. : Morgan Kaufmann, ©2005
(OCoLC)56912257
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Joseph A Fisher; Paolo Faraboschi; Clifford Young
ISBN: 1417574305 9781417574308 0080477542 9780080477541 9781558607668 1558607668
OCLC Number: 57546513
Description: 1 online resource (1 volume) : illustrations
Contents: Cover --
About the Authors --
Foreword --
Contents --
Preface --
Content and Structure --
The VEX (VLIW Example) Computing System --
Audience --
Cross-cutting Topics --
How to Read This Book --
Figure Acknowledgments --
Acknowledgments --
CHAPTER 1 An Introduction to Embedded Processing --
1.1 What Is Embedded Computing? --
1.1.1 Attributes of Embedded Devices --
1.1.2 Embedded Is Growing --
1.2 Distinguishing Between Embedded and General-Purpose Computing --
1.2.1 The "Run One Program Only" Phenomenon --
1.2.2 Backward and Binary Compatibility --
1.2.3 Physical Limits in the Embedded Domain --
1.3 Characterizing Embedded Computing --
1.3.1 Categorization by Type of Processing Engine --
1.3.2 Categorization by Application Area --
1.3.3 Categorization by Workload Differences --
1.4 Embedded Market Structure --
1.4.1 The Market for Embedded Processor Cores --
1.4.2 Business Model of Embedded Processors --
1.4.3 Costs and Product Volume --
1.4.4 Software and the Embedded Software Market --
1.4.5 Industry Standards --
1.4.6 Product Life Cycle --
1.4.7 The Transition to SoC Design --
1.4.8 The Future of Embedded Systems --
1.5 Further Reading --
1.6 Exercises --
CHAPTER 2 An Overview of VLIW and ILP --
2.1 Semantics and Parallelism --
2.1.1 Baseline: Sequential Program Semantics --
2.1.2 Pipelined Execution, Overlapped Execution, and Multiple Execution Units --
2.1.3 Dependence and Program Rearrangement --
2.1.4 ILP and Other Forms of Parallelism --
2.2 Design Philosophies --
2.2.1 An Illustration of Design Philosophies: RISC Versus CISC --
2.2.2 First Definition of VLIW --
2.2.3 A Design Philosophy: VLIW --
2.3 Role of the Compiler --
2.3.1 The Phases of a High-Performance Compiler --
2.3.2 Compiling for ILP and VLIW --
2.4 VLIW in the Embedded and DSP Domains --
2.5 Historical Perspective and Further Reading --
2.5.1 ILP Hardware in the 1960s and 1970s --
2.5.2 The Development of ILP Code Generation in the 1980s --
2.5.3 VLIW Development in the 1980s --
2.5.4 ILP in the 1990s and 2000s --
2.6 Exercises --
CHAPTER 3 An Overview of ISA Design --
3.1 Overview: What to Hide --
3.1.1 Architectural State: Memory and Registers --
3.1.2 Pipelining and Operational Latency --
3.1.3 Multiple Issue and Hazards --
3.1.4 Exception and Interrupt Handling --
3.1.5 Discussion --
3.2 Basic VLIW Design Principles --
3.2.1 Implications for Compilers and Implementations --
3.2.2 Execution Model Subtleties --
3.3 Designing a VLIW ISA for Embedded Systems --
3.3.1 Application Domain --
3.3.2 ILP Style --
3.3.3 Hardware/Software Tradeoffs --
3.4 Instruction-set Encoding --
3.4.1 A Larger Definition of Architecture --
3.4.2 Encoding and Architectural Style --
3.5 VLIW Encoding --
3.5.1 Operation Encoding --
3.5.2 Instruction Encoding --
3.5.3 Dispatching and Opcode Subspaces --
3.6 Encoding and Instruction-set Extensions --T$1.
Responsibility: Joseph A. Fisher, Paolo Faraboschi, Cliff Young.

Abstract:

The fact that there are more embedded computers than general-purpose computers and that we are impacted by hundreds of them every day is no longer news. What is news is that their increasing performance requirements, complexity and capabilities demand a new approach to their design. Fisher, Faraboschi, and Young describe a new age of embedded computing design, in which the processor is central, making the approach radically distinct from contemporary practices of embedded systems design. They demonstrate why it is essential to take a computing-centric and system-design approach to the traditional elements of nonprogrammable components, peripherals, interconnects and buses. These elements must be unified in a system design with high-performance processor architectures, microarchitectures and compilers, and with the compilation tools, debuggers and simulators needed for application development. In this landmark text, the authors apply their expertise in highly interdisciplinary hardware/software development and VLIW processors to illustrate this change in embedded computing. VLIW architectures have long been a popular choice in embedded systems design, and while VLIW is a running theme throughout the book, embedded computing is the core topic. Embedded Computing examines both in a book filled with fact and opinion based on the authors many years of R & D experience. Complemented by a unique, professional-quality embedded tool-chain on the authors' website, http://www.vliw.org/book Combines technical depth with real-world experience Comprehensively explains the differences between general purpose computing systems and embedded systems at the hardware, software, tools and operating system levels. Uses concrete examples to explain and motivate the trade-offs.

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