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Emergent Africa

Author: Scipio, pseud.; Organization of African Unity.
Publisher: New York : Simon and Schuster, ©1967.
Series: Clarion book, 14.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Rev edView all editions and formats
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Scipio, pseud.
Emergent Africa.
New York : Simon and Schuster, ©1967
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Scipio, pseud.; Organization of African Unity.
OCLC Number: 2715245
Notes: "The Charter of the Organization of African Unity": p. 169-180.
Description: 184 pages ; 21 cm.
Contents: Foreword / Philip E. Mosely --
I: The new context in tropical Africa --
The end of formal colonialism --
Plan of the book --
Crucial decisions now made by Africans --
Two main factors: The drive for independence and the need for outside help --
Certain resemblances to the situation before the assumption by European powers of exclusive colonial responsibility in different areas --
The interests of different outside countries --
types of bargains struck --
II: Some aspects of the colonial legacy --
African countries left with a new western mold in which to develop independence --
European frontiers and African peoples: habits of association breed loyalties --
The tradition of order over wider area --
Opportunities for individual existence --
freedom from tribal restraints --
Nature of the different European colonial policies --
White settlement and indirect rule --
Technical inferiority and the resolve to be independent --
Towns as the most active agents of emancipation --
Almost everything needed to be learned from outside --
Education and the desire for more --
The elite with Western values but not Western loyalties --
Resentment at being treated as inferior --
Nature of the colonial economy: Cash crops and mining --
the "distortion" of non-African settlement III: African political parties and armies --
Single political parties or armies in control of most aspects of public life --
Basic purpose under colonial rule was to focus popular loyalties around themselves and away from colonial authorities --
Para-statal functions --
role of the leader and of the educated elite --
These parties as a force of stability after taking over power --
the reasons for this --
The usual division into traditional, popular-national and mass parties --
but elements of each in most parties --
Nature and the importance of African influences --
Influences from outside --
colonial and revolutionary --
The marginal importance in contemporary African contexts of parliamentary democracy and communism --
African armies also small elites which fulfill the same functions as the parties they oust --
"Bourgeois" instincts of the leadership --
but managerial, not property-owning, bourgeoisie --
Hence importance of party and state control and the primacy of politics --
IV: Technical deficiencies --
The shift from political to technical and economic problems after independence --
The revolution of rising expectations --
Steady growth of the technological gap --
Traditional societies disintegrating --
Hopes of greater wealth after independence prove false --
Colonial rule as an agency of progress --
Less desire now to ape Europe --
A new African society with imported technical skills? V: Economics, aid and the primacy of politics --
Extending decolonization from politics to economics --
The artificial and greenhouse nature of the colonial economy. But this development was none the less much greater than under alternative systems --
The internal issue after independence is what economic goals and how much coercion to achieve them --
Diversification of productions, of sources of aid and of markets --
"spread dependence" --
But how to achieve this? Will loss of aid and sheltered markets be greater than the gain? --
No clear distinction between trade and aid --
Motives of the donor powers --
No native capital --
Slender resources and need for planning --
How far can diversification and independence be achieved except by socialism? Or state control? --
Houphouet's bet with Nkrumah --
Results unlikely to be very different in the long run --
VI: Education and the elite --
More education a prime requirement --
Advances almost entirely due to colonial presence --
Three sources of instruction: missionaries, commercial enterprises, governments --
British and Belgian systems --
solid basis of primary education --
Narrower French system of producing education elite --
Is African education too bookish and irrelevant? Demand for European standards --
Results of education: The elite --
Divorce from the masses and resolve to stay in power: But probably not a new ruling class --
Wilder diffusion of education the cure --
VII: The genesis of foreign policy --
Other external issues --
Gradual dissociation of African leaders from colonial master and from each other before independence --
This process especially clear in French territories --
Advantages of a slow process of weaning --
Fears of neo-colonialism: Less active with time --
Pan-Africanism and neutralism: The divorce from both Europe and Asia --
Importance of international gatherings. "Se faire valoir" --
A union of African states, neutral and respected. --
VIII: The achievement of adult status --
How has tropical Africa managed since independence? --
Likelihood of comparative stability --
Western opinions of Africa: Conservative, official and progressive --
Importance of order rather than democracy --
Technical problems harder than most foresaw --
Liquidation of the colonial system usually a gradual disentanglement --
Distinctions between states --
The most useful yardstick: The pace of movement away from colonial conditions to adult status. Not to be confused with political radicalism --
We must decolonize our image of Africa IX: The place of the new African states in the world --
The future course of African relations with the West --
Danger of exaggerating the strategic and economic importance of Africa. The main requirement is capable self-government --
Increased African connections with other areas --
Some reasons for optimism --
Africans have some claim to Western sympathy and detachment --
Appendices --
A. Note on the French system of providing experts to tropical African countries formerly under French rule --
B. The charter of the organization of African unity.
Series Title: Clarion book, 14.
Responsibility: by Scipio ; with a foreword by Philip E. Mosely.
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