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Emily Jackson photograph collection of Édouart's American silhouette portraits

Author: Emily Jackson
Publisher: ca. 1911-1926.
Edition/Format:   Image : Graphic : Photograph : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
The Emily Jackson photograph collection of Édouart's American silhouette portraits contains gelatin silver prints, glass plate negatives, and ephemera related to the documentation of a set of albums compiled by the French artist Augustin Édouart and briefly owned by Jackson. Édouart affixed his reference set of portraits to album pages, which he then labeled with each sitter's name, hometown, and the place and
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Details

Genre/Form: Gelatin silver prints
Negatives
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Silhouettes
Named Person: Augustin Amant Constance Fidèle Édouart; John Quincy Adams; August Belmont; R W Cushman; Samuel Augustus Foot; Charles Jared Ingersoll; Henry Inman; Eliza Bowen Jumel; Philip Kearny; Alexander Macomb; William L Marcy; John Reed; Martin Van Buren
Material Type: Graphic, Photograph
Document Type: Visual material
All Authors / Contributors: Emily Jackson
OCLC Number: 122688164
Notes: The New-York Historical Society's museum holds individual silhouettes by Édouart. Letters from Emily Jackson describing her collection can be found in the Society's archives. Copies of Jackson's sales catalogues, as well as Jackson's books on silhouettes, are available in the Society's Print Room and Library collections.
Description: 7.97 linear feet (21 boxes) 770 photonegatives : glass, b? ; 5 x 7 in. 1,021 photoprints : gelatin silver ; 5 x 7 in.

Abstract:

The Emily Jackson photograph collection of Édouart's American silhouette portraits contains gelatin silver prints, glass plate negatives, and ephemera related to the documentation of a set of albums compiled by the French artist Augustin Édouart and briefly owned by Jackson. Édouart affixed his reference set of portraits to album pages, which he then labeled with each sitter's name, hometown, and the place and date of the cutting. Taken together, the pages provide unique visual documentation of Americans of the 1840s, a profile in profile revealing their appearances on several levels at once: physical countenances, occupations, clothing styles, and favored pets and furniture. Included are portraits of: John Quincy Adams, August Belmont, R.W. Cushman, Samuel Augustus Foot, Charles Jared Ingersoll, Henry Inman, Eliza Jumel, Philip Kearny Jr., Alexander Macomb, William Learned Marcy, John Reed, and Martin Van Buren, among many others. In addition to Americans, there are a few portraits of foreign figures such as Mar Johannan, Bishop of Ooroomiah, Persia, and Chinese native Chin Sung. There is a wide range of furniture pieces and decorative arts elements incorporated throughout the portraits. Family pets present include dogs and a large, highly plumed bird. The juxtaposition of several figures on each page lend the sheets themselves, in a certain sense, an abstract folk art feel. A finished portrait that the sitter.

Received would have his or her image set down on a sheet of paper within a lithographed domestic or outdoor background, where their props and posture would have a visual context. In contrast, Édouart's own reference albums had between one and six portraits pasted on each blank page, the often unrelated figures forming a human chain without so much as a thread to connect them with a neighbor, place, or circumstance. Series I contains 1,021 gelatin silver prints made from the glass plate negatives in Series III. They are undated, but were probably made between 1911, when Emily Jackson had already acquired Édouart's silhouette albums, and the mid-1920s, when she was selling photographs to the public through her catalogue. Series II contains evidence of Jackson's marketing of Édouart images. There is one copy of her sales catalogue for photo facsimiles of the American silhouettes; four cardboard boxes which originally held glass plate negatives and later held her photograph inventory; and a set of small card tickets, found in the boxes with the photogrphs, which are inscribed in ink with the box contents and give mail order information including Jackson's mailing address. Series III contains 770 glass plate negatives made sometime after 1911 and before 1913, by which time Jackson had already sold the Édouart albums to the British dealer Arthur Vernay.

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Linked Data


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