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Endophilia or exophobia : beyond discrimination

Author: Jan Feld; Nicolás Salamanca; Daniel S Hamermesh; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2013.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 19471.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The immense literature on discrimination treats outcomes as relative: One group suffers compared to another. But does a difference arise because agents discriminate against others--are exophobic--or because they favor their own kind--are endophilic? This difference matters, as the relative importance of the types of discrimination and their inter-relation affect market outcomes. Using a field experiment in which  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jan Feld; Nicolás Salamanca; Daniel S Hamermesh; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 859251020
Notes: Title from http://www.nber.org/papers/19471 viewed October 2, 2013.
"September 2013."
Description: 1 online resource (38 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 19471.
Responsibility: Jan Feld, Nicolás Salamanca, Daniel S. Hamermesh.

Abstract:

The immense literature on discrimination treats outcomes as relative: One group suffers compared to another. But does a difference arise because agents discriminate against others--are exophobic--or because they favor their own kind--are endophilic? This difference matters, as the relative importance of the types of discrimination and their inter-relation affect market outcomes. Using a field experiment in which graders at one university were randomly assigned students' exams that did or did not contain the students' names, on average we find favoritism but no discrimination by nationality, and neither favoritism nor discrimination by gender, findings that are robust to a wide variety of potential concerns. We observe heterogeneity in both discrimination and favoritism by nationality and by gender in the distributions of graders' preferences. We show that a changing correlation between endophilia and exophobia can generate perverse changes in observed market discrimination.

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