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English science, Bacon to Newton

Author: Brian Vickers
Publisher: Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1987.
Series: Cambridge English prose texts.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Seventeenth-century England witnessed an unprecedented flourishing of natural philosophy, inspired by Francis Bacon's call for a new science based on observation and experiment, to be carried out in collective research projects, whose findings would be communicated in clear language. This anthology documents the effect of Bacon's ideas in the remarkably fruitful period following 1660. It includes his sketch of a  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Anthologie
Quelle
History
Named Person: Francis Bacon
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Brian Vickers
ISBN: 0521304083 9780521304085 0521316839 9780521316835
OCLC Number: 14130625
Description: xii, 244 pages ; 23 cm.
Contents: Introduction. The legacy of Francis Bacon ; The Royal Society ; Science and language ; The reform on language ; Latin and science --
Francis Bacon (1561-1626). Preparative towards a natural and experimental history, 1620 ; New Atlantis, c.1624 --
Robert Boyle (1627-1691). Experiments with the air-pump, 1660 ; The Sceptical Chymist, 1661 --
Henry Power (1623-1668). Experimental philosophy, 1664 --
Robert Hooke (1635-1702. Micrographia, 1665 ; On earthquakes and fossils, 1668 --
Thomas Sprat (1635-1713). History of the Royal Society, 1667 --
John Wilkins, (1614-1672). An essay towards a real character and a philosophical language, 1668 --
Isaac Newton (1642-1727). A new theory about light and colours, 1672 --
Appendix: Joseph Glanvill's stylistic revisions, 1661-1676.
Series Title: Cambridge English prose texts.
Responsibility: edited by Brian Vickers.
More information:

Abstract:

Seventeenth-century England witnessed an unprecedented flourishing of natural philosophy, inspired by Francis Bacon's call for a new science based on observation and experiment, to be carried out in collective research projects, whose findings would be communicated in clear language. This anthology documents the effect of Bacon's ideas in the remarkably fruitful period following 1660. It includes his sketch of a scientific research institute in the New Atlantis (1627), which inspired the founding of the Royal Society in 1662, as acknowledged by Thomas Sprat in its History, excerpted here. Bacon's plea for an appropriate language for science also affected the Royal Society, as Sprat records, and gave birth to a number of schemes for man-made artificial languages, represented here by John Wilkins's Essay Towards a Real Character and a Philosophical Language (1668). This reader gives full coverage to the dramatic understanding of nature achieved through experiments using newly developed scientific instruments: Robert Boyle's investigation of air pressure; Hooke and Henry Power's mastery of the microscope; and Isaac Newton's use of the prism to show that light is not homogeneous but composed of many different colours. The selections are accompanied by a general introduction, extensive notes, contemporary illustrations, a glossary of obsolete and technical terms and an updated bibliography.

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