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Environmental chemistry

Author: Stanley E Manahan
Publisher: Boca Raton, Florida : CRC Press, ©2010. ©2010
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : Nineth editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
The field of environmental chemistry has evolved significantly since the publication of the first edition of Environmental Chemistry. Throughout the book's long life, it has chronicled emerging issues such as organochloride pesticides, detergent phosphates, stratospheric ozone depletion, the banning of chlorofluorocarbons, and greenhouse warming. During this time the first Nobel Prize for environmental chemistry was  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Manahan, Stanley E.
Environmental chemistry.
(DLC) 2009040939
(OCoLC)148877416
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Stanley E Manahan
ISBN: 9781628705553 1628705558 9781439882474 1439882479
OCLC Number: 880881652
Description: 1 online resource (xxix, 753 pages) : illustrations, maps
Contents: Preface --
Author --
Environment And Sustainability Science --
From the sun to fossil fuels and back again --
Science of sustainability --
Chemistry and the environment --
Water, air, earth, life and technology --
Ecology, ecotoxicology, and the biosphere --
Energy and cycles of energy --
Human impact and pollution --
Chemical fate and transport --
Chemical fate and transport in the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere --
Environmental mischief and terrorism --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Chemistry And The Anthrosphere: Environment Chemistry And Green Chemistry --
Environmental chemistry --
Matter and cycles of matter --
Anthrosphere and environmental chemistry --
Technology and the Anthrosphere --
Infrastructure --
Components of the Anthrosphere that influence the environment --
Effects of the Anthrosphere on earth --
Integration of the Anthrosphere into the total environment --
Green chemistry --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Fundamentals Of Aquatic Chemistry --
Importance of water --
Water from molecules to oceans --
Characteristics of bodies of water --
Aquatic life --
Introduction to aquatic chemistry --
Gases in water --
Water acidity and carbon dioxide in water --
Alkalinity --
Calcium and other metals in water --
Complexation and chelation --
Bonding and structure of metal complexes --
Calculations of species concentrations --
Complexation by deprotonated ligands --
Complexation by protonated ligands --
Solubilization of lead ion from solids by NTA --
Polyphosphates and phosphonates in water --
Complexation by humic substances --
Complexation and redox processes --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Oxidation-Reduction In Aquatic Chemistry --
Significance of oxidation-reduction --
Electron and redox reactions --
Electron activity and pE --
Nernst equation --
Reaction tendency: whole reaction from half-reactions --
Nernst equation and chemical equilibrium --
Relationship of pE to free energy --
Reactions in terms of one electron-mole --
Limits of pE in water --
pE values in natural water systems --
pE-pH diagrams --
Humic substances as natural reductants --
Photochemical processes in oxidation-reduction --
Corrosion --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Phase Interactions In Aquatic Chemistry --
Chemical interactions involving solids, gases, and water --
Importance and formation of sediments --
Solubilities --
Colloidal particles in water --
Colloidal properties of clays --
Aggregation of particles --
Surface sorption by solids --
Solute exchange with bottom sediments --
Interstitial water --
Phase interactions in chemical fate and transport --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Aquatic Microbial Biochemistry --
Aquatic biochemical processes --
Algae --
Fungi --
Protozoa --
Bacteria --
Prokaryotic bacterial cell --
Kinetics of bacterial growth --
Bacteria metabolism --
Microbial oxidation and reduction --
Microbial transformations of carbon --
Biodegradation of organic matter --
Oxidation --
Other biochemical processes in biodegradation of organics --
Microbial transformations of nitrogen --
Microbial transformations of phosphorus and sulfur --
Microbial transformations of halogens and Organohalides --
Microbial transformations of metals and metalloids --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Water Pollution --
Nature and types of water pollutants --
Elemental pollutants --
Heavy metals --
Metalloids --
Organically bound metals and metalloids --
Inorganic species --
Algal nutrients and eutrophication --
Acidity, alkalinity, and salinity --
Oxygen, oxidants, and reductants --
Organic pollutants --
Pesticides in water --
Polychlorinated biphenyls --
Emerging water pollutants, pharmaceuticals, and household wastes --
Radionuclides in the aquatic environment --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Water Treatment --
Water treatment and water use --
Municipal water treatment --
Treatment of water for industrial use --
Sewage treatment --
Industrial wastewater treatment --
Removal of solids --
Removal of calcium and other metals --
Removal of dissolved organics --
Removal of dissolved inorganics --
Sludge --
Water disinfection --
Natural water purification processes --
Green water --
Water conservation --
Protecting water supplies from attack --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Atmosphere And Atmospheric Chemistry --
Introduction --
Importance of the atmosphere --
Physical characteristics of the atmosphere --
Energy transfer in the atmosphere --
Atmospheric mass transfer, meteorology, and weather --
Inversions and air pollution --
Global climate and microclimate --
Chemical and photochemical reactions in the atmosphere --
Acid-base reactions in the atmosphere --
Reactions of atmospheric oxygen --
Reactions of atmospheric nitrogen --
Atmospheric water --
Influence of the Anthrosphere --
Chemical fate and transport in the atmosphere --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Particles In The Atmosphere --
Introduction --
Physical behavior of particles in the atmosphere --
Physical processes for particle formation --
Chemical processes for particle formation --
Composition of inorganic particles --
Radioactive particles --
Composition of organic particles --
Effects of particles --
Water as particulate matter --
Atmospheric chemical reactions involving particles --
Control of particulate emissions --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Gaseous Inorganic Air Pollutants --
Inorganic pollutant gases --
Production and control of carbon monoxide --
Fate of atmospheric CO --
Sulfur dioxide sources and the sulfur cycle --
Sulfur dioxide reactions in the atmosphere --
Nitrogen oxides in the atmosphere --
Acid rain --
Ammonia in the atmosphere --
Fluorine, chlorine, and their gaseous compounds --
Reduced sulfur gases --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems. Organic Air Pollutants --
Organic compounds in the atmosphere --
Biogenic organic compounds --
Pollutant hydrocarbons --
Carbonyl compounds Aldehydes and ketones --
Miscellaneous oxygen-containing compounds --
Organonitrogen compounds --
Organohalide compounds --
Organosulfur compounds --
Organic particulate matter --
Hazardous air pollutants organic compounds --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Photochemical smog --
Introduction --
Smog-forming emissions --
Smog-forming reactions of organic compounds in the atmosphere --
Overview of smog formation --
Mechanisms of smog formation --
Reactivity of hydrocarbons --
Inorganic products from smog --
Effects of smog --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Endangered Global Atmosphere --
Climate change and anthropogenic effects --
Global warming --
Green science and technology to alleviate global warming --
Acid rain --
Stratospheric ozone destruction --
Atmospheric brown clouds --
Atmospheric damage by photochemical smog --
Nuclear winter --
What is to be done? --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Geosphere And Geochemistry --
Introduction --
Nature of solids in the geosphere --
Physical form of the geosphere --
Internal processes --
Sediments --
Clays --
Geochemistry --
Groundwater in the geosphere --
Environmental aspects of the geosphere --
Earthquakes --
Volcanoes --
Surface earth movement --
Stream and river phenomena --
Phenomena at the land/ocean interface --
Phenomena at the land/atmosphere interface --
Effects of ice --
Effects of human activities --
Air pollution and the geosphere --
Water pollution and the geosphere --
Waste disposal and the geosphere --
Municipal refuse --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Soil And Agricultural Environmental Chemistry --
Soil and agriculture --
Nature and composition of soil --
Acid-base and ion-exchange reactions in soils --
Macronutrients in soil --
Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in soil --
Micronutrients in soil --
Fertilizers --
Pollutants from livestock production --
Pesticides and their residues in soil --
Wastes and pollutants in soil --
Soil loss and degradation --
Saving the land --
Genetic engineering and agriculture --
Green chemistry and sustainable agriculture --
Agriculture and health --
Protecting the food supply from attack --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Green Chemistry And Industrial Ecology --
Changing the bad old ways --
Green chemistry --
Reduction of risk hazard and exposure --
Waste prevention and green chemistry --
Green chemistry and synthetic chemistry --
Feedstocks --
Reagents --
Stoichiometric and catalytic reagents --
Media and solvents --
Enhancing reactions --
Industrial ecology --
Five major components of an industrial ecosystem --
Industrial metabolism --
Materials flow and recycling in an industrial ecosystem --
Kalundborg industrial ecosystem --
Consideration of environmental impacts in industrial ecology --
Life cycles: expanding and closing the materials loop --
Life-cycle assessment --
Consumable, recyclable, and service (durable) products --
Design for environment --
Inherent safety --
Industrial ecology and ecological engineering --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Resources And Sustainable Materials --
Where to get the stuff we need? --
Minerals in the geosphere --
Extraction and mining --
Metals --
Metal resources and industrial ecology --
Nonmetal mineral resources --
Phosphates --
Sulfur --
Wood: a major renewable resource --
Extending resources through the practice of industrial ecology --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Sustainable Energy: The Key To Everything --
Energy problem --
Nature of energy --
Sources of energy used in the Anthrosphere --
Energy devices and conversions --
Green technology and energy conversion efficiency --
Energy conservation and renewable energy sources --
Petroleum and natural gas --
Coal --
Carbon sequestration for fossil fuel utilization --
Industrial ecology for energy and chemicals --
Nuclear energy --
Geothermal energy --
Sun: an ideal, renewable energy source --
Energy from moving air and moving water --
Biomass energy --
Hydrogen as a means to store and utilize energy --
Combined power cycles --
System of industrial ecology for methane production --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Nature, Sources, And Environmental Chemistry Of Hazardous Wastes --
Introduction --
Classification of hazardous substances and wastes --
Sources of wastes --
Flammable and combustible substances --
Reactive substances --
Corrosive substances --
Toxic substances --
Physical forms and segregation of wastes --
Environmental chemistry of hazardous wastes --
Physical and chemical properties of hazardous wastes --
Transport, effects, and fates of hazardous wastes --
Hazardous wastes and the Anthrosphere --
Hazardous wastes in the geosphere --
Hazardous wastes in the hydrosphere --
Hazardous wastes in the atmosphere --
Hazardous wastes in the biosphere --
Hazardous substances in terrorism --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Industrial Ecology For Waste Minimization, Utilization, And Treatment: --
Introduction --
Waste reduction and minimization --
Recycling --
Physical methods of waste treatment --
Chemical treatment: an overview --
Green waste treatment by photolysis and sonolysis --
Thermal treatment methods --
Biodegradation of wastes --
Phytoremediation --
Land treatment and composting --
Preparation of wastes for disposal --
Ultimate disposal of wastes --
Leachate and gas emissions --
In situ treatment --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems. Environmental Biochemistry: --
Biochemistry --
Biochemistry and the cell --
Proteins --
Carbohydrates --
Lipids --
Enzymes --
Nucleic acids --
Recombinant DNA and genetic engineering --
Metabolic processes --
Metabolism of Xendobiotic compounds --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Toxicological Chemistry: --
Introduction to toxicology and toxicological chemistry --
Does-response relationships --
Relative toxicities --
Reversibility and sensitivity --
Xenobiotic and endogenous substances --
Toxicological chemistry --
Kinetic phase and dynamic phase --
Teratogenesis, mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, and effects on the immune and reproductive systems --
Health hazards --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Toxicological Chemistry Of Chemical Substances: --
Introduction --
Toxic elements and elemental forms --
Toxic inorganic compounds --
Toxicology of organic compounds --
Toxic natural products --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Chemical Analysis Of Water And Wastewater: --
General aspects of environmental chemical analysis --
Classical methods --
Spectrophotometric methods --
Electrochemical methods of analysis --
Chromatography --
Mass spectrometry --
Analysis of water samples --
Automated water analyses --
Speciation --
Emerging contaminants in water analysis --
Chiral contaminants --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Analysis Of Wastes And Solids: --
Introduction --
Sample digestion for elemental analysis --
Analyte isolation for organics analysis --
Sample cleanup --
Sample preparation for VOCs --
Bioassay and immunoassay screening of wastes --
Determination of chelating agents --
Toxicity characteristic leaching procedure --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Analysis Of The Atmosphere And Air Pollutants: --
Atmospheric monitoring --
Sampling --
Methods of analysis --
Determination of sulfur dioxide --
Nitrogen oxides --
Analysis of oxidants --
Analysis of carbon monoxide --
Determination of hydrocarbons and organics --
Analysis of particulate matter --
Direct spectrophotometric analysis of gaseous air pollutants --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Analysis Of Biological Materials And Xenobiotics: --
Introduction --
Indicators of exposure to Xenobiotics --
Determination of metals --
Determination of nonmetals and inorganic compounds --
Determination of parent organic compounds --
Measurement of phase I and phase II reaction products --
Determination of adducts --
Promise of immunological methods --
Literature cited --
Supplementary references --
Questions and problems --
Index.
Responsibility: Stanley E. Manahan.

Abstract:

The field of environmental chemistry has evolved significantly since the publication of the first edition of Environmental Chemistry. Throughout the book's long life, it has chronicled emerging issues such as organochloride pesticides, detergent phosphates, stratospheric ozone depletion, the banning of chlorofluorocarbons, and greenhouse warming. During this time the first Nobel Prize for environmental chemistry was awarded. Written by environmental chemist Stanley Manahan, each edition has reflected the field's shift of emphasis from pollution and its effects to its current emphasis on sustainability. What makes this book so enduring? Completely revised, this ninth edition retains the organizational structure that has made past editions so popular with students and professors while updating coverage of principles, tools, and techniques to provide fundamental understanding of environmental chemistry and its applications. It includes end-of-chapter questions and problems, and a solutions manual is available upon qualifying course adoptions. Rather than immediately discussing specific environmental problems, Manahan systematically develops the concept of environmental chemistry so that when he covers specific pollutions problems the background necessary to understand the problem has already been developed.

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   schema:description "Preface -- Author -- Environment And Sustainability Science -- From the sun to fossil fuels and back again -- Science of sustainability -- Chemistry and the environment -- Water, air, earth, life and technology -- Ecology, ecotoxicology, and the biosphere -- Energy and cycles of energy -- Human impact and pollution -- Chemical fate and transport -- Chemical fate and transport in the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere -- Environmental mischief and terrorism -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Chemistry And The Anthrosphere: Environment Chemistry And Green Chemistry -- Environmental chemistry -- Matter and cycles of matter -- Anthrosphere and environmental chemistry -- Technology and the Anthrosphere -- Infrastructure -- Components of the Anthrosphere that influence the environment -- Effects of the Anthrosphere on earth -- Integration of the Anthrosphere into the total environment -- Green chemistry -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Fundamentals Of Aquatic Chemistry -- Importance of water -- Water from molecules to oceans -- Characteristics of bodies of water -- Aquatic life -- Introduction to aquatic chemistry -- Gases in water -- Water acidity and carbon dioxide in water -- Alkalinity -- Calcium and other metals in water -- Complexation and chelation -- Bonding and structure of metal complexes -- Calculations of species concentrations -- Complexation by deprotonated ligands -- Complexation by protonated ligands -- Solubilization of lead ion from solids by NTA -- Polyphosphates and phosphonates in water -- Complexation by humic substances -- Complexation and redox processes -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Oxidation-Reduction In Aquatic Chemistry -- Significance of oxidation-reduction -- Electron and redox reactions -- Electron activity and pE -- Nernst equation -- Reaction tendency: whole reaction from half-reactions -- Nernst equation and chemical equilibrium -- Relationship of pE to free energy -- Reactions in terms of one electron-mole -- Limits of pE in water -- pE values in natural water systems -- pE-pH diagrams -- Humic substances as natural reductants -- Photochemical processes in oxidation-reduction -- Corrosion -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Phase Interactions In Aquatic Chemistry -- Chemical interactions involving solids, gases, and water -- Importance and formation of sediments -- Solubilities -- Colloidal particles in water -- Colloidal properties of clays -- Aggregation of particles -- Surface sorption by solids -- Solute exchange with bottom sediments -- Interstitial water -- Phase interactions in chemical fate and transport -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Aquatic Microbial Biochemistry -- Aquatic biochemical processes -- Algae -- Fungi -- Protozoa -- Bacteria -- Prokaryotic bacterial cell -- Kinetics of bacterial growth -- Bacteria metabolism -- Microbial oxidation and reduction -- Microbial transformations of carbon -- Biodegradation of organic matter -- Oxidation -- Other biochemical processes in biodegradation of organics -- Microbial transformations of nitrogen -- Microbial transformations of phosphorus and sulfur -- Microbial transformations of halogens and Organohalides -- Microbial transformations of metals and metalloids -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Water Pollution -- Nature and types of water pollutants -- Elemental pollutants -- Heavy metals -- Metalloids -- Organically bound metals and metalloids -- Inorganic species -- Algal nutrients and eutrophication -- Acidity, alkalinity, and salinity -- Oxygen, oxidants, and reductants -- Organic pollutants -- Pesticides in water -- Polychlorinated biphenyls -- Emerging water pollutants, pharmaceuticals, and household wastes -- Radionuclides in the aquatic environment -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Water Treatment -- Water treatment and water use -- Municipal water treatment -- Treatment of water for industrial use -- Sewage treatment -- Industrial wastewater treatment -- Removal of solids -- Removal of calcium and other metals -- Removal of dissolved organics -- Removal of dissolved inorganics -- Sludge -- Water disinfection -- Natural water purification processes -- Green water -- Water conservation -- Protecting water supplies from attack -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Atmosphere And Atmospheric Chemistry -- Introduction -- Importance of the atmosphere -- Physical characteristics of the atmosphere -- Energy transfer in the atmosphere -- Atmospheric mass transfer, meteorology, and weather -- Inversions and air pollution -- Global climate and microclimate -- Chemical and photochemical reactions in the atmosphere -- Acid-base reactions in the atmosphere -- Reactions of atmospheric oxygen -- Reactions of atmospheric nitrogen -- Atmospheric water -- Influence of the Anthrosphere -- Chemical fate and transport in the atmosphere -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Particles In The Atmosphere -- Introduction -- Physical behavior of particles in the atmosphere -- Physical processes for particle formation -- Chemical processes for particle formation -- Composition of inorganic particles -- Radioactive particles -- Composition of organic particles -- Effects of particles -- Water as particulate matter -- Atmospheric chemical reactions involving particles -- Control of particulate emissions -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Gaseous Inorganic Air Pollutants -- Inorganic pollutant gases -- Production and control of carbon monoxide -- Fate of atmospheric CO -- Sulfur dioxide sources and the sulfur cycle -- Sulfur dioxide reactions in the atmosphere -- Nitrogen oxides in the atmosphere -- Acid rain -- Ammonia in the atmosphere -- Fluorine, chlorine, and their gaseous compounds -- Reduced sulfur gases -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems."@en ;
   schema:description "Environmental Biochemistry: -- Biochemistry -- Biochemistry and the cell -- Proteins -- Carbohydrates -- Lipids -- Enzymes -- Nucleic acids -- Recombinant DNA and genetic engineering -- Metabolic processes -- Metabolism of Xendobiotic compounds -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Toxicological Chemistry: -- Introduction to toxicology and toxicological chemistry -- Does-response relationships -- Relative toxicities -- Reversibility and sensitivity -- Xenobiotic and endogenous substances -- Toxicological chemistry -- Kinetic phase and dynamic phase -- Teratogenesis, mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, and effects on the immune and reproductive systems -- Health hazards -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Toxicological Chemistry Of Chemical Substances: -- Introduction -- Toxic elements and elemental forms -- Toxic inorganic compounds -- Toxicology of organic compounds -- Toxic natural products -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Chemical Analysis Of Water And Wastewater: -- General aspects of environmental chemical analysis -- Classical methods -- Spectrophotometric methods -- Electrochemical methods of analysis -- Chromatography -- Mass spectrometry -- Analysis of water samples -- Automated water analyses -- Speciation -- Emerging contaminants in water analysis -- Chiral contaminants -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Analysis Of Wastes And Solids: -- Introduction -- Sample digestion for elemental analysis -- Analyte isolation for organics analysis -- Sample cleanup -- Sample preparation for VOCs -- Bioassay and immunoassay screening of wastes -- Determination of chelating agents -- Toxicity characteristic leaching procedure -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Analysis Of The Atmosphere And Air Pollutants: -- Atmospheric monitoring -- Sampling -- Methods of analysis -- Determination of sulfur dioxide -- Nitrogen oxides -- Analysis of oxidants -- Analysis of carbon monoxide -- Determination of hydrocarbons and organics -- Analysis of particulate matter -- Direct spectrophotometric analysis of gaseous air pollutants -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Analysis Of Biological Materials And Xenobiotics: -- Introduction -- Indicators of exposure to Xenobiotics -- Determination of metals -- Determination of nonmetals and inorganic compounds -- Determination of parent organic compounds -- Measurement of phase I and phase II reaction products -- Determination of adducts -- Promise of immunological methods -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Index."@en ;
   schema:description "Organic Air Pollutants -- Organic compounds in the atmosphere -- Biogenic organic compounds -- Pollutant hydrocarbons -- Carbonyl compounds Aldehydes and ketones -- Miscellaneous oxygen-containing compounds -- Organonitrogen compounds -- Organohalide compounds -- Organosulfur compounds -- Organic particulate matter -- Hazardous air pollutants organic compounds -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Photochemical smog -- Introduction -- Smog-forming emissions -- Smog-forming reactions of organic compounds in the atmosphere -- Overview of smog formation -- Mechanisms of smog formation -- Reactivity of hydrocarbons -- Inorganic products from smog -- Effects of smog -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Endangered Global Atmosphere -- Climate change and anthropogenic effects -- Global warming -- Green science and technology to alleviate global warming -- Acid rain -- Stratospheric ozone destruction -- Atmospheric brown clouds -- Atmospheric damage by photochemical smog -- Nuclear winter -- What is to be done? -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Geosphere And Geochemistry -- Introduction -- Nature of solids in the geosphere -- Physical form of the geosphere -- Internal processes -- Sediments -- Clays -- Geochemistry -- Groundwater in the geosphere -- Environmental aspects of the geosphere -- Earthquakes -- Volcanoes -- Surface earth movement -- Stream and river phenomena -- Phenomena at the land/ocean interface -- Phenomena at the land/atmosphere interface -- Effects of ice -- Effects of human activities -- Air pollution and the geosphere -- Water pollution and the geosphere -- Waste disposal and the geosphere -- Municipal refuse -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Soil And Agricultural Environmental Chemistry -- Soil and agriculture -- Nature and composition of soil -- Acid-base and ion-exchange reactions in soils -- Macronutrients in soil -- Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in soil -- Micronutrients in soil -- Fertilizers -- Pollutants from livestock production -- Pesticides and their residues in soil -- Wastes and pollutants in soil -- Soil loss and degradation -- Saving the land -- Genetic engineering and agriculture -- Green chemistry and sustainable agriculture -- Agriculture and health -- Protecting the food supply from attack -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Green Chemistry And Industrial Ecology -- Changing the bad old ways -- Green chemistry -- Reduction of risk hazard and exposure -- Waste prevention and green chemistry -- Green chemistry and synthetic chemistry -- Feedstocks -- Reagents -- Stoichiometric and catalytic reagents -- Media and solvents -- Enhancing reactions -- Industrial ecology -- Five major components of an industrial ecosystem -- Industrial metabolism -- Materials flow and recycling in an industrial ecosystem -- Kalundborg industrial ecosystem -- Consideration of environmental impacts in industrial ecology -- Life cycles: expanding and closing the materials loop -- Life-cycle assessment -- Consumable, recyclable, and service (durable) products -- Design for environment -- Inherent safety -- Industrial ecology and ecological engineering -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Resources And Sustainable Materials -- Where to get the stuff we need? -- Minerals in the geosphere -- Extraction and mining -- Metals -- Metal resources and industrial ecology -- Nonmetal mineral resources -- Phosphates -- Sulfur -- Wood: a major renewable resource -- Extending resources through the practice of industrial ecology -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Sustainable Energy: The Key To Everything -- Energy problem -- Nature of energy -- Sources of energy used in the Anthrosphere -- Energy devices and conversions -- Green technology and energy conversion efficiency -- Energy conservation and renewable energy sources -- Petroleum and natural gas -- Coal -- Carbon sequestration for fossil fuel utilization -- Industrial ecology for energy and chemicals -- Nuclear energy -- Geothermal energy -- Sun: an ideal, renewable energy source -- Energy from moving air and moving water -- Biomass energy -- Hydrogen as a means to store and utilize energy -- Combined power cycles -- System of industrial ecology for methane production -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Nature, Sources, And Environmental Chemistry Of Hazardous Wastes -- Introduction -- Classification of hazardous substances and wastes -- Sources of wastes -- Flammable and combustible substances -- Reactive substances -- Corrosive substances -- Toxic substances -- Physical forms and segregation of wastes -- Environmental chemistry of hazardous wastes -- Physical and chemical properties of hazardous wastes -- Transport, effects, and fates of hazardous wastes -- Hazardous wastes and the Anthrosphere -- Hazardous wastes in the geosphere -- Hazardous wastes in the hydrosphere -- Hazardous wastes in the atmosphere -- Hazardous wastes in the biosphere -- Hazardous substances in terrorism -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems -- Industrial Ecology For Waste Minimization, Utilization, And Treatment: -- Introduction -- Waste reduction and minimization -- Recycling -- Physical methods of waste treatment -- Chemical treatment: an overview -- Green waste treatment by photolysis and sonolysis -- Thermal treatment methods -- Biodegradation of wastes -- Phytoremediation -- Land treatment and composting -- Preparation of wastes for disposal -- Ultimate disposal of wastes -- Leachate and gas emissions -- In situ treatment -- Literature cited -- Supplementary references -- Questions and problems."@en ;
   schema:description "The field of environmental chemistry has evolved significantly since the publication of the first edition of Environmental Chemistry. Throughout the book's long life, it has chronicled emerging issues such as organochloride pesticides, detergent phosphates, stratospheric ozone depletion, the banning of chlorofluorocarbons, and greenhouse warming. During this time the first Nobel Prize for environmental chemistry was awarded. Written by environmental chemist Stanley Manahan, each edition has reflected the field's shift of emphasis from pollution and its effects to its current emphasis on sustainability. What makes this book so enduring? Completely revised, this ninth edition retains the organizational structure that has made past editions so popular with students and professors while updating coverage of principles, tools, and techniques to provide fundamental understanding of environmental chemistry and its applications. It includes end-of-chapter questions and problems, and a solutions manual is available upon qualifying course adoptions. Rather than immediately discussing specific environmental problems, Manahan systematically develops the concept of environmental chemistry so that when he covers specific pollutions problems the background necessary to understand the problem has already been developed."@en ;
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