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Environmental engineering science

Author: W W Nazaroff; Lisa Alvarez-Cohen
Publisher: New York : Wiley, ©2001.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

This book covers the fundamentals of environmental engineering and applications in water quality, air quality, and hazardous waste management. It begins by describing the fundamental principles that  Read more...

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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Nazaroff, W.W.
Environmental engineering science.
New York : Wiley, ©2001
(OCoLC)606507948
Online version:
Nazaroff, W.W.
Environmental engineering science.
New York : Wiley, ©2001
(OCoLC)631578266
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: W W Nazaroff; Lisa Alvarez-Cohen
ISBN: 0471144940 9780471144946 0471352268 9780471352266
OCLC Number: 45614803
Description: xiv, 690 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Contents: 1.A What Is Environmental Engineering Science? 1 --
1.B Domains of Environmental Engineering 5 --
1.B.1 Water quality engineering 5 --
1.B.2 Air quality engineering 8 --
1.B.3 Hazardous waste management 10 --
1.C.1 Concentrations and other units of measure 12 --
1.C.2 Material balance 15 --
1.C.3 Factors governing contaminant concentrations 17 --
1.C.4 Engineering analysis 18 --
1.C.5 Control opportunities 19 --
1.C.6 Environmental regulations 20 --
1.C.7 Precision and accuracy 21 --
1.C.8 Magnitudes: Length scales and characteristic times 22 --
2 Water, Air, and Their Impurities 30 --
2.A Water and the Hydrosphere 30 --
2.B Air and the Atmosphere 36 --
2.C Impurities in Environmental Media 41 --
2.C.1 Gases dissolved in water 42 --
2.C.2 Water in air 42 --
2.C.3 Acids, bases, and the hydrogen ion 43 --
2.C.4 Inorganic impurities 43 --
2.C.5 Organic impurities 51 --
2.C.6 Radionuclides 56 --
2.C.7 Compounds causing odor, taste, or color 58 --
2.C.8 Particulate matter 58 --
2.C.9 Microorganisms 65 --
3 Transformation Processes 76 --
3.A Governing Concepts 77 --
3.A.1 Stoichiometry 77 --
3.A.2 Chemical equilibrium 79 --
3.A.3 Kinetics 82 --
3.B Phase Changes and Partitioning 92 --
3.B.1 Vapor pressure 92 --
3.B.2 Dissolution of species in water 95 --
3.B.3 Sorption 100 --
3.C Acid-Base Reactions 106 --
3.C.1 Acid-base reactions and the hydrogen ion 107 --
3.C.2 pH of pure water 107 --
3.C.3 Strong and weak acids 108 --
3.C.4 Carbonate system 112 --
3.D Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 119 --
3.D.1 Oxidation state 120 --
3.D.2 Corrosion 121 --
3.D.3 Combustion 125 --
3.D.4 Atmospheric oxidation processes 129 --
3.D.5 Microbial reactions 131 --
4 Transport Phenomena 159 --
4.A.1 Contaminant flux 160 --
4.A.2 Advection 161 --
4.A.3 Molecular diffusion 162 --
4.A.4 Dispersion 166 --
4.B Particle Motion 172 --
4.B.1 Drag on particles 172 --
4.B.2 Gravitational settling 175 --
4.B.3 Brownian diffusion 180 --
4.C Mass Transfer at Fluid Boundaries 182 --
4.C.1 Mass-transfer coefficient 183 --
4.C.2 Transport across the air-water interface 188 --
4.D Transport in Porous Media 192 --
4.D.1 Fluid flow through porous media 193 --
4.D.2 Contaminant transport in porous media 197 --
5 Transport and Transformation Models 207 --
5.A Reactor Models 209 --
5.A.1 Batch reactor 215 --
5.A.2 Completely mixed flow reactor (CMFR) 220 --
5.A.3 Plug-flow reactor (PFR) 226 --
5.B Beyond Ideal Reactors: General Material-Balance Models 247 --
5.B.1 Governing equation 247 --
5.B.2 Approaches for solving environmental transport problems 251 --
II Applications --
6 Water Quality Engineering 280 --
6.A Nature of Water Quality Problems 280 --
6.A.1 Rivers and streams 283 --
6.A.2 Lakes and reservoirs 288 --
6.A.3 Groundwater 292 --
6.A.4 Oceans and estuaries 295 --
6.B Overview of Water Quality Regulations and Treatment Systems 299 --
6.B.1 Key U.S. federal water regulations 300 --
6.B.2 Engineered water quality systems 301 --
6.C Physical Treatment Methods 305 --
6.C.1 Sedimentation 305 --
6.C.2 Filtration through granular media 310 --
6.C.3 Membrane separation processes 316 --
6.D Chemical and Physicochemical Treatment Methods 321 --
6.D.1 Disinfection 321 --
6.D.2 Coagulation and flocculation 329 --
6.D.3 Sorption of organic molecules 333 --
6.D.4 Chemical precipitation and ion exchange 338 --
6.E Biological Wastewater Treatment 346 --
6.E.1 Activated sludge 347 --
6.E.2 Trickling filters 355 --
6.E.3 Anaerobic digestion of wastewater sludges 358 --
7 Air Quality Engineering 388 --
7.A Nature of Air Pollution Problems 388 --
7.A.1 Criteria pollutants 390 --
7.A.2 Hazardous air pollutants 395 --
7.A.3 Acid deposition 397 --
7.A.4 Photochemical smog 400 --
7.A.5 Indoor air quality 404 --
7.A.6 Global change 411 --
7.B Air Pollutant Emissions and Controls 418 --
7.B.1 Characterizing emissions 419 --
7.B.2 Pollutant generation by combustion 425 --
7.B.3 Motor vehicle emissions 436 --
7.C Treatment Technologies 442 --
7.C.1 Particle control devices 443 --
7.C.2 Absorption for gaseous pollutant control 453 --
7.D Air Quality Models 454 --
7.D.1 Summary of modeling approaches 455 --
7.D.2 Gaussian plume dispersion modeling 457 --
8 Hazardous Waste Management 484 --
8.A.1 History and case studies 485 --
8.A.2 Hazardous waste regulatory framework 489 --
8.A.3 Magnitude of the hazardous waste problem 495 --
8.A.4 Sources of hazardous wastes 498 --
8.B Hazardous Waste Minimization 499 --
8.B.1 What is waste minimization? 500 --
8.B.2 Why should we do it? 500 --
8.B.3 Techniques for waste minimization 501 --
8.B.4 Management tools 506 --
8.C Hazardous Waste Treatment Processes 510 --
8.C.1 Physical separation 511 --
8.C.2 Chemical treatment 526 --
8.C.3 Thermal treatment 539 --
8.C.4 Biological treatment 549 --
8.D Hazardous Waste Disposal 558 --
8.D.1 Landfills 558 --
8.D.2 Deep-well injection 561 --
8.E Environmental Releases and Remediation 564 --
8.E.1 Site characterization 565 --
8.E.2 Quantitative risk analysis 568 --
8.E.3 Site remediation 574 --
A Basic Data for Environmental Engineering Science 601 --
B Primer on Ionizing Radiation 607 --
C Primer on Environmental Organic Chemicals 613 --
C.1 Pure hydrocarbons 614 --
C.2 Oxygenated organic compounds 616 --
C.3 Organohalides 617 --
C.4 Organic compounds containing sulfur or nitrogen 618 --
D Problem Solving: Mathematics for Environmental Engineering 620 --
D.1 Ordinary differential equations 620 --
D.1.a First-order linear equation with constant coefficients 620 --
D.1.b Coupled first-order ordinary differential equations 623 --
D.1.c Introduction to the numerical solution of ordinary differential equations 625 --
D.2 Partial differential equations that arise in transport problems 627 --
D.3 Solving equilibrium problems: Roots of nonlinear algebraic equations 630 --
D.4 Data manipulation on a logarithmic scale 635 --
D.5 Linear regression 637 --
E A Further Look at Transformation Processes 641 --
E.1 Activity 641 --
E.2 Gibbs free energy and equilibrium constants 642 --
E.3 Electrode potentials and free-energy change in redox reactions 646 --
E.4 Activation energy and the temperature dependence of reaction rates 648 --
F United States Federal Regulations for Water and Air Quality 651.
Responsibility: William W. Nazaroff and Lisa Alvarez-Cohen.
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