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Essential maths for geoscientists : an introduction

Author: Paul I Palmer
Publisher: Chichester, West Sussex : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Maths for Geoscientists is an accessible, student-friendly introduction to the essential mathematics required by those students taking degree courses within the Geosciences. Clearly structured throughout, this book carefully guides the student step by step through the mathematics they will encounter and will provide numerous applied examples throughout to enhance students understanding and to place each technique  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Palmer, Paul I.
Essential maths for geoscientists.
Chichester, West Sussex : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014
(DLC) 2013044549
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Paul I Palmer
ISBN: 9781118527009 1118527003 9781118527023 111852702X 9781306685184 1306685184 0470971932 9780470971932 9780470971949 0470971940
OCLC Number: 863127650
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Essential Maths for Geoscientists; Contents; Preface; 1 How Do You Know that Global Warming Is Not a Hoax?; The Earth system: how do we know what we know?; 2 Preamble; 2.1 The scientific method: pushing back the frontiers of ignorance; 2.2 Subscript and superscripts; 2.3 Scientific number format; 2.4 Significant figures and rounding numbers; 2.5 Units and dimensions; Unit conversion; 2.6 Symbols and numbers; 2.7 Mean, median and variance: commonly encountered statistics; 2.8 Guesstimation; 2.9 Exercises; 3 Algebra; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Evaluating algebraic equations. 3.2.1 Preamble: symbols and numbers3.2.2 Powers, roots and bases; 3.3 Simplifying algebraic equations; Removing brackets; 3.4 Factorization; 3.4.1 Factorizing quadratic equations; 3.5 Transposing formulae; 3.6 Word problems; 3.7 Exercises; 4 Solving Equations; 4.1 Solving linear equations; 4.1.1 Graphically; 4.1.2 Analytically; 4.2 Solving simultaneous equations; 4.3 Solving quadratic equations; 4.3.1 Square roots; 4.3.2 Completing the square; 4.4 Exercises; 5 Logarithms and Exponentials; 5.1 Exponentials; 5.2 Logarithms; 5.2.1 Logarithm laws; 5.2.2 Solving exponential equations. 5.2.3 Power laws and scaling exponents5.3 Log-normal and log-log plots: when and how to use them; 5.4 Exercises; 6 Uncertainties, Errors, and Statistics; 6.1 Errors; 6.1.1 Important definitions; 6.1.2 Measures of error; 6.2 Combining errors; 6.2.1 Equations with one variable; 6.2.2 Equations with two or more variables; 6.2.3 Linear equations; 6.2.4 Products; 6.2.5 Combining results of different experiments; 6.3 Statistics; 6.3.1 Graphs; 6.3.2 Descriptive statistics; 6.4 Correlations; 6.5 Exercises; 6.5 Exercises; 7 Trigonometry; 7.1 Some geoscience applications of trigonometry. 7.2 Anatomy of a triangle7.3 Angles: degrees and radians; 7.4 Calculating angles given a trigonometric ratio; 7.5 Cosine and sine rules for non-right-angled triangles; 7.6 Exercises; 8 Vectors; 8.1 What is a vector?; 8.2 Resolving a vector; 8.3 Vector algebra; 8.3.1 Adding and subtracting vectors; 8.3.2 Multiplying a vector by a scalar; 8.3.3 The resultant of two perpendicular vectors; 8.4 Resolving non-perpendicular vectors; 8.5 Exercises; 9 Calculus 1: Differentiation; 9.1 A graphical interpretation of differentiation; 9.2 A general formula for differentiation. 9.3 The derivative of some common functions9.4 Differentiation of the sum and difference of functions; 9.5 Higher derivatives; 9.6 Maxima and minima; 9.7 Exercises; 10 Calculus 2: Integration; 10.1 Introduction; 10.2 Definite integrals; Area under a curve; 10.3 Numerical integration; 10.4 Exercises; 11 Bringing It All Together; A Answers to Problems; A.1 Chapter 2: Preamble; A.2 Chapter 3: Algebra; A.3 Chapter 4: Solving Equations; A.4 Chapter 5: Logarithms and Exponentials; A.5 Chapter 6: Uncertainties, Errors, and Statistics; A.6 Chapter 7: Trigonometry; A.7 Chapter 8: Vectors.
Other Titles: Essential math for geoscientists
Responsibility: Paul I. Palmer.

Abstract:

* An accessible, student-friendly introduction to mathematics for geoscientists . * A concise text that provides the student with the essential maths necessary to complete an  Read more...

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