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Essentials of radiation biology and protection

Author: Steve Forshier
Publisher: Clifton Park, NY : Delmar, ©2009.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
Summary:
From the Publisher: "this text offers a[n] ... overview of radiation biology and protection concepts. It teaches both why and how to protect yourself and patients from ionizing radiation. Emphasis is placed on integrating the theory of radiation protection as seen in radiobiology with radiation protection as it should be practiced in the clinical education setting. The text discusses cell structure, the direct and  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Problems and Exercises
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Steve Forshier
ISBN: 9781428312173 142831217X
OCLC Number: 244840174
Description: ix, 210 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 28 cm
Contents: Preface --
Section 1: Theory And Concepts --
1: Radiobiology history --
Radiobiology history --
Law of Bergonie and Tribondeau --
Ancel and Vitemberger --
Fractionation theory --
Repopulation and protraction --
Mutagenesis --
Effects of oxygen and hydrolysis of water --
Reproductive failure --
Roentgen --
Rad --
Rem --
SI units --
Regulation --
2: Cellular anatomy and physiology --
Cell biology --
Chemical configuration of cells --
Cell structure --
Cell growth and division --
Mitosis --
Meiosis --
DNA proofreading and repair --
3: Cellular effects of radiation --
Radiosensitivity of cells --
Physical and biologic factors --
Direct and indirect effects of radiation --
Interactions with radiation --
Radiolysis of water --
Irradiation of macromolecules --
Single-hit chromosome aberrations --
Multi-hit chromosome aberrations --
Reciprocal translocations --
Dose-response relationships --
Linear-dose-response relationships --
Linear quadratic dose-response curves --
Target theory --
Bystander effect --
Cell survival curves --
Section 1 review --
Section 2: Biological Effects Of Radiation Exposure --
4: Effects of initial exposure to radiation --
Acute radiation syndromes --
Response stages --
Bone marrow syndrome --
Gastrointestinal syndrome --
Central nervous system syndrome --
Local tissue damage --
Skin --
Eyes --
Gonads --
Hematologic effects --
Hemopoietic system --
Cytogenetic effects --
5: Effects of long-term exposure to radiation --
Epidemiology --
Dose-response curves --
Relative vs absolute risk --
Radiation-induced malignancies --
Leukemia --
Skin carcinoma --
Thyroid cancer --
Breast cancer --
Osteosarcoma --
Lung cancer --
Life-span shortening --
Genetic damage --
Irradiation of the fetus --
Pre-implantation stage --
Fetal growth stage --
Stochastic and nonstochastic effects --
Radiation hormesis --
Section 2 review --
Section 3: Radiation Protection --
6: Protection of personnel --
Rationale for radiation protection --
Monitoring of personnel --
Film badges --
Thermoluminescent dosimeters --
Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosimeters --
Pocket dosimeters --
Dosimetry report --
Radiation survey instruments --
Dose-limiting recommendations --
Principles of personnel exposure reduction --
Time --
Distance --
Shielding --
Structural shielding construction --
Use of protective garments --
Mobile exam considerations --
Fluoroscopic exam considerations --
Inverse square law --
Patient immobilization considerations --
7: Protection of patients --
Immobilization --
Beam restriction --
Kilovoltage --
Irradiated material --
Beam-limiting devices --
Aperture diaphragms --
Cones --
Collimators --
X-ray beam filtration --
Gonadal shielding --
Flat contact shields --
Shadow shields --
Shaped contact shields --
Exposure and techniques factors --
Kilovoltage range --
Milliamperage and time --
Film-screen considerations --
Radiographic film --
Intensifying screens --
Electronic imaging --
Computed radiography (CR) --
Digital radiography (DR) --
Patient positioning --
Grids --
Pregnant patient --
Repeat radiographs --
Fluoroscopic procedures --
Image intensification fluoroscopy --
Section 3 review --
Bibliography --
Glossary --
Index.
Responsibility: Steve Forshier.
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Abstract:

Offers an overview of radiation biology and protection concepts. This title helps you learn both why and how to protect yourself and patients from ionizing radiation. It emphasizes on integrating the  Read more...

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