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The ethics and politics of human experimentation

Author: Paul M McNeill
Publisher: Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
This book focuses on experimentation that is carried out on human beings, including medical research, drug research and research undertaken in the social sciences. It discusses the ethics of such experimentation and asks the question: who defends the interests of these human subjects and ensures that they are not harmed? The author argues that ethical research depends on the adequacy of review by committee. Indeed
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Paul M McNeill
ISBN: 0521416272 9780521416276
OCLC Number: 26632831
Description: xv, 315 pages ; 24 cm
Contents: Introduction: The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation --
pt. 1. A History of Experimentation and Codes of Ethics. 1. A History of Unethical Experimentation on Human Subjects. 2. Development of Codes of Ethics --
pt. 2. Research Ethics Committees: History and Practice. 3. The Development of Committee Review in the United States, Britain, Australia, New Zealand and Canada. 4. The Practice of Review by Research Ethics Committees: An International Study --
pt. 3. Law and Ethics in Human Experimentation. 5. Law and Human Experimentation. 6. Ethical Principles, Rules and Discretion --
pt. 4. Politics of Review by Committee. 7. A Political Balance between Science, Society and the Subject. 8. Power, Status and a Rationale for Committee Representation. 9. Giving Effect to Representation: Composition and Functioning of Review Committees --
Legal Citations.
Responsibility: Paul M. McNeill.
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Abstract:

This book focuses on experimentation that is carried out on human beings, including medical research, drug research and research undertaken in the social sciences. It discusses the ethics of such experimentation and asks the question: who defends the interests of these human subjects and ensures that they are not harmed? The author argues that ethical research depends on the adequacy of review by committee. Indeed most countries now rely on research ethics committees or institutional review boards for the protection of the interests of the human participants in research. Dr McNeill analyses how successful these committees are in balancing the interests of science with the interests of human subjects.

The author finds that these committees are predominantly influenced by members of research institutions and by the researchers themselves. Yet researchers, and their institutions, stand to gain considerable benefits from the experiments they conduct. Dr McNeill argues that committees of review, as they are presently constituted, cannot be relied on to ensure an equitable balance between the interests of researchers and the interests of the human subjects experimented on. He proposes a radically different rationale and model for committee review.

Within a broadly comparative framework, this book analyses a topical and important issue in medical ethics. It takes historical, philosophical, medical and legal approaches to the issue and is the only book to address the inherently political nature of committee review. It will be read internationally by members of ethics committees and IRBs, health administrators, medical professionals and researchers at all levels, lawyers and bioethicists, as well as students of law and medicine, community health, applied ethics and the philosophy of science.

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