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Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations

Author: Brian A JacksonKay Sullivan FaithHenry H WillisUnited States. Federal Emergency Management Agency.RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center.All authors
Publisher: Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2010.
Series: Rand Corporation monograph series.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
The ability to measure emergency preparedness - to predict the likely performance of emergency response systems in future events - is critical for policy analysis in homeland security. Yet it remains difficult to know how prepared a response system is to deal with large-scale incidents, whether it be a natural disaster, terrorist attack, or industrial or transportation accident. This research draws on the fields of  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Jackson, Brian A., 1972-
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations.
Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2010
(DLC) 2010024680
(OCoLC)642510855
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Brian A Jackson; Kay Sullivan Faith; Henry H Willis; United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency.; RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center.; Rand Corporation. National Security Research Division.; Rand Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (Organization)
ISBN: 9780833050144 0833050141
OCLC Number: 676699037
Notes: "This research was sponsored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and conducted under the auspices of the RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center, a joint center of the RAND National Security Research Division and RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment."--T.p. verso.
Description: 1 online resource (xxiv, 199 p., 1 flowchart) : ill. (chiefly col.)
Contents: Introduction: Measurement and emergency preparedness --
Defining and demonstrating response reliability analysis --
Describing a chlorine release scenario and relevant response parameters --
A simplified model of an emergency response to a chlorine release --
Exploring what can go wrong during a chlorine response operation: identifying relevant failure modes --
Assessing the probability, effects, and severity of failure modes: an exploratory analysis using response after-action reports --
Concluding observations --
Appendix A: Approximating response reliability curves --
Appendix B: Correspondence between the chlorine response model used in this analysis and other ways of categorizing or organizing response operations --
Appendix C: Description of components of the RAND Chlorine Response Model not covered in the text --
Appendix D: Failure trees for all elements of the response model --
Appendix E: Counts of failure modes identified per analyzed after-action report --
Appendix F: List of after-action reports reviewed and analyzed.
Series Title: Rand Corporation monograph series.
Responsibility: Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis.

Abstract:

The ability to measure emergency preparedness - to predict the likely performance of emergency response systems in future events - is critical for policy analysis in homeland security. Yet it remains difficult to know how prepared a response system is to deal with large-scale incidents, whether it be a natural disaster, terrorist attack, or industrial or transportation accident. This research draws on the fields of systems analysis and engineering to apply the concept of system reliability to the evaluation of emergency response systems. The authors describe a method for modeling an emergency response system; identifying how individual parts of the system might fail; and assessing the likelihood of each failure and the severity of its effects on the overall response effort. The authors walk the reader through two applications of this method: a simplified example in which responders must deliver medical treatment to a certain number of people in a specified time window, and a more complex scenario involving the release of chlorine gas. The authors also describe an exploratory analysis in which they parsed a set of after-action reports describing real-world incidents, to demonstrate how this method can be used to quantitatively analyze data on past response performance. The authors conclude with a discussion of how this method of measuring emergency response system reliability could inform policy discussion of emergency preparedness, how system reliability might be improved, and the costs of doing so. --From publisher description.

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