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The evolution of childhood : relationships, emotion, mind

Author: Melvin Konner
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2010.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Takes a comprehensive Darwinian interpretation of human development. Looking at the entire range of human evolutionary history, Konner tells the story of how cross-cultural and universal characteristics of our growth from infancy to adolescence became rooted in genetically inherited characteristics of the human brain--From publisher description.
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Melvin Konner
ISBN: 9780674045668 0674045661 9780674062016 0674062019
OCLC Number: 477272507
Description: xv, 943 p. ; 25 cm.
Contents: Prologue --
The structure of this book --
Six paradigms --
1. Introduction --
Some premises --
Some history --
Evolution and modification of behavior --
Evolution of ontogeny in the human animal --
Levels of causation in the explanation of behavior --
pt. I. Evolution : the phylogenetic origins of childhood : wherein we learn how the laws of evolution produced the shape of human social and emotional development --
2. Paradigms in the evolution of development --
Neo-Darwinian theory--the adaptationist paradigm --
Life history theory --
Evolutionary allometries --
Heterochrony in the phylogeny of development --
The evolution of developmental genes (evo-devo) --
Phyletic reorganization in brain evolution --
Developmental ethology --
Evolutionary developmental psychology --
Interlude 1 : thinking about birdsong --
3. Brains evolving --
Expansion and organization in brain evolution --
Vertebrate body plans and behavioral advances --
The emergence of mammalian brain and behavior --
Developmental keys to psychosocial evolution --
4. Ape foundations, human revolution --
Ape evolution and behavior --
Hominin evolution and behavior --
Hominin brain evolution --
Evolving human life histories --
Hominin behavior, social organization, and culture --
5. The evolution of human brain growth --
Neonatal status and early brain growth --
Humanizing anthropoid brain growth --
Hominin ontogeny --
Heterochrony in hominin evolution --
Transition 1 : neurological models of psychosocial function --
The limbic system model --
The orbitofrontal cortex and the somatic marker hypothesis --
The polyvagal model --
The mirror-neuron system --
Lateralized higher functions --
Imperfect models --
pt. II. Maturation : anatomical bases of psychosocial growth : wherein we see how neural and endocrine systems guide the paths of development called for by natural selection --
6. Paradigms in the study of psychosocial growth --
The neurogenetics of animal models and human disease --
Neuroembryology --
Developmental neuroendocrinology --
Postnatal brain development --
Developmental behavior genetics --
Neurological individuality --
Interlude 2 : thinking about bipedal walking --
7. The growth of sociality --
The "fourth trimester" and the presocial baseline --
The rise and fall of early crying --
Smiling and mutual gaze --
8. The growth of attachment and the social fears --
Universals of human attachment and social fear --
Animal studies --
Biological mechanisms --
9. The growth of language --
A language acquisition device --
Cross-cultural and other evidence --
Biological foundations --
Early anatomical preparedness --
The role of learning --
10. The growth of sex and gender differences --
Gender identity --
Sex differences in aggression --
Cross-cultural studies --
Neuroendocrine foundations --
11. The transition to middle childhood --
An evolutionary approach --
Cognition in middle childhood --
A biological model --
12. Reproductive behavior and the onset of parenting --
Biological changes in puberty and adolescence --
Is individual age at puberty a facultative adaptation? --
Control of the onset of puberty --
Growth and change in the adolescent brain --
The psychological impact of body changes --
Adolescent hormones in sexuality and aggression --
Cross-cultural regularities --
A role for romantic love? --
Ideals and abstractions --
The onset of parenting--maternal care --
Paternal care and the pair bond --
Interlude 3 : thinking about growing up gay --
Transition 2 : plasticity evolving --
Selection for plasticity and resilience --
pt. III. Socialization : the evolving social context of ontogeny : wherein we discern the contributions of social life to developing relationships and emotions --
13. Paradigms in the study of socialization --
Laws of learning --
Early experience effects and the sensitive period question --
Ethology, field primatology, and sociobiology --
Ethnology and quantitative cross-cultural comparison --
Historiography and historical demography --
14. Early social experience --
Early handling, stress, and stimulation --
Postweaning isolation and crowding --
Social deprivation in monkeys --
The neurobiology of social perturbation in monkeys --
Experience in the etiology of psychopathology --
Early deprivation in human childhood --
15. The evolution of the mother-infant bond --
Maternal care in mammals --
Mother and infant primates, including humans --
Mother-infant relations among !Kung hunter-gatherers --
Mother-infant relations in other hunter-gatherers --
Reconstructing maternal care : phylogeny and history --
Attachment theory and the mother-infant bond --
Interlude 4 : thinking about maternal sentiment --
16. Cooperative breeding in the extended family --
Helpers at the nest --
Allocare in nonhuman primates --
Nonmaternal care among !Kung hunter-gatherers --
Nonmaternal care in other hunter-gatherers --
Cooperative breeding in the human species --
Normative adoption and fosterage in human societies --
The physiology of alloparental care --
Social context and mother-infant interactions --
Cooperative breeding beyond hunters and gatherers --
17. Male parental care --
Male parental investment and reproductive success --
Paternal investment, social organization, and ecology in nonhuman species --
The paternal role among !Kung hunter-gatherers --
Paternal roles in other hunter-gatherers --
Paternal roles in non-hunter-gatherers --
Observable patterns and their possible significance --
Subsistence adaptation and family organization --
The United States and other industrial cultures --
Dads and cads --
Plasticity and its physiological limits --
Interlude 5 : thinking about "oedipal" conflicts --
18. Relations among juveniles --
Theoretical considerations --
Juvenile social relations in selected mammals --
Relations among juveniles in !Kung hunter-gatherers --
Relations among juveniles in other hunter-gatherers --
Relations among juveniles since the hunting-gathering era --
Functional considerations --
Developmental mechanisms --
19. Play, social learning, and teaching --
The evolution of play --
The development of human play --
The evolutionary neurobiology of play --
Intelligent players --
Play, learning, and culture --
Social learning, imitation, and teaching --
Toward a neurobiology of social learning --
Teaching : uniquely human? --
20. The contexts of emerging reproductive behavior --
The development of sexual behavior in monkeys and apes --
Adolescence among the !Kung hunter-gatherers --
Adolescence in other hunter-gatherers --
Broader cross-cultural patterns of premarital sex --
Parent-offspring conflict over arranged marriage --
Adolescent sexuality in the industrial world --
Secular trends in growth and maturation --
Secular trends and adolescent behavior --
Interlude 6 : thinking about incest avoidance and taboos --
21. Stress and resilience in the changing family --
Basic stress physiology --
Stress in infancy and childhood --
Stress in early life as a signal for facultative adaptation --
Stress and resilience on the island of Dominica --
Mortality, attachment, and loss --
Stress and resilience in exceptional situations --
Child abuse and neglect in western industrial states --
Evolutionary considerations in abuse and neglect --
Changing family structure in western industrial states --
Abuse, neglect, and adolescent aggression --
Stress and coping in human development --
22. Hunter-gatherer childhood--the cultural baseline --
Generalizations and challenges --
The hunter-gatherer childhood model --
Hunter-gatherer childhood in evolutionary context --
Evaluating the divergences --
Conclusion : facultative adaptation, discordance, or both? --
Transition 3 : does nonhuman culture exist? --
Defining the extremes --
The approach from material culture --
The approach from socially learned local variation --
The approach from teaching and cultural learning --
The approach from language and symbol --
The approach from history --
pt. IV. Enculturation : the transmission and evolution of culture : wherein we come to understand what culture changes --
23. Paradigms in the study of enculturation --
Laws of learning, expanded --
Culture and personality --
The Whiting model --
Broader cross-cultural analyses --
Extensions and modifications of the model --
Challenges to the role of early experience --
Culture and mind --
Interlude 7 : thinking about the question "how?" --
24. The culture of infancy and early childhood --
Culture in utero? --
Cross-cultural variation in infant care --
Possible mechanisms of influence --
Language acquisition and language learning --
25. The culture of subsistence --
Work, play, and cultural transmission --
Children's work in farming cultures --
26. The culture of middle childhood --
Enculturation among the Gusii of Kenya --
Enculturation processes beyond conventional learning --
Enculturation by children --
Inculcating morality? --
Children and religion --
27. The culture of gender in childhood and adolescence --
Culture stretches biology --
Cultural tradition in adolescent development --
28. Evolutionary culture theory --
Cultural macroevolution --
The Meme model and the question of coherence --
Cavalli-Sforza and Feldman --
Lumsden and Wilson --
Boyd and Richerson --
The Durham model --
Defining culture --
Applying the model --
Some models compared --
Interlude 8 : thinking about boys at war --
29. Universals, adaptation, enculturation, and culture --
Universals of human behavior and culture --
A culture acquisition device --
A model of culture in biological context --
pt. V. Conclusion : wherein we see, as through a glass darkly, how human relationships and emotions may actually emerge --
30. The ultimate epigenetic enterprise --
A general theory? --
Chaos, self-organization, and complexity --
A theory of generative variation --
Selection, epigenetics, and development --
Reprise --
Epilogue --
References --
Acknowledgments --
Index.
Responsibility: Melvin Konner.

Abstract:

Offering an interpretation of human development, this title shows that nothing in childhood makes sense except in the light of evolution. It tells the story of how cross-cultural and universal  Read more...

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schema:description"pt. III. Socialization : the evolving social context of ontogeny : wherein we discern the contributions of social life to developing relationships and emotions -- 13. Paradigms in the study of socialization -- Laws of learning -- Early experience effects and the sensitive period question -- Ethology, field primatology, and sociobiology -- Ethnology and quantitative cross-cultural comparison -- Historiography and historical demography -- 14. Early social experience -- Early handling, stress, and stimulation -- Postweaning isolation and crowding -- Social deprivation in monkeys -- The neurobiology of social perturbation in monkeys -- Experience in the etiology of psychopathology -- Early deprivation in human childhood -- 15. The evolution of the mother-infant bond -- Maternal care in mammals -- Mother and infant primates, including humans -- Mother-infant relations among !Kung hunter-gatherers -- Mother-infant relations in other hunter-gatherers -- Reconstructing maternal care : phylogeny and history -- Attachment theory and the mother-infant bond -- Interlude 4 : thinking about maternal sentiment -- 16. Cooperative breeding in the extended family -- Helpers at the nest -- Allocare in nonhuman primates -- Nonmaternal care among !Kung hunter-gatherers -- Nonmaternal care in other hunter-gatherers -- Cooperative breeding in the human species -- Normative adoption and fosterage in human societies -- The physiology of alloparental care -- Social context and mother-infant interactions -- Cooperative breeding beyond hunters and gatherers -- 17. Male parental care -- Male parental investment and reproductive success -- Paternal investment, social organization, and ecology in nonhuman species -- The paternal role among !Kung hunter-gatherers -- Paternal roles in other hunter-gatherers -- Paternal roles in non-hunter-gatherers -- Observable patterns and their possible significance -- Subsistence adaptation and family organization -- The United States and other industrial cultures -- Dads and cads -- Plasticity and its physiological limits -- Interlude 5 : thinking about "oedipal" conflicts -- 18. Relations among juveniles -- Theoretical considerations -- Juvenile social relations in selected mammals -- Relations among juveniles in !Kung hunter-gatherers -- Relations among juveniles in other hunter-gatherers -- Relations among juveniles since the hunting-gathering era -- Functional considerations -- Developmental mechanisms -- 19. Play, social learning, and teaching -- The evolution of play -- The development of human play -- The evolutionary neurobiology of play -- Intelligent players -- Play, learning, and culture -- Social learning, imitation, and teaching -- Toward a neurobiology of social learning -- Teaching : uniquely human? -- 20. The contexts of emerging reproductive behavior -- The development of sexual behavior in monkeys and apes -- Adolescence among the !Kung hunter-gatherers -- Adolescence in other hunter-gatherers -- Broader cross-cultural patterns of premarital sex -- Parent-offspring conflict over arranged marriage -- Adolescent sexuality in the industrial world -- Secular trends in growth and maturation -- Secular trends and adolescent behavior -- Interlude 6 : thinking about incest avoidance and taboos -- 21. Stress and resilience in the changing family -- Basic stress physiology -- Stress in infancy and childhood -- Stress in early life as a signal for facultative adaptation -- Stress and resilience on the island of Dominica -- Mortality, attachment, and loss -- Stress and resilience in exceptional situations -- Child abuse and neglect in western industrial states -- Evolutionary considerations in abuse and neglect -- Changing family structure in western industrial states -- Abuse, neglect, and adolescent aggression -- Stress and coping in human development -- 22. Hunter-gatherer childhood--the cultural baseline -- Generalizations and challenges -- The hunter-gatherer childhood model -- Hunter-gatherer childhood in evolutionary context -- Evaluating the divergences -- Conclusion : facultative adaptation, discordance, or both? -- Transition 3 : does nonhuman culture exist? -- Defining the extremes -- The approach from material culture -- The approach from socially learned local variation -- The approach from teaching and cultural learning -- The approach from language and symbol -- The approach from history --"
schema:description"Takes a comprehensive Darwinian interpretation of human development. Looking at the entire range of human evolutionary history, Konner tells the story of how cross-cultural and universal characteristics of our growth from infancy to adolescence became rooted in genetically inherited characteristics of the human brain--From publisher description."
schema:description"pt. V. Conclusion : wherein we see, as through a glass darkly, how human relationships and emotions may actually emerge -- 30. The ultimate epigenetic enterprise -- A general theory? -- Chaos, self-organization, and complexity -- A theory of generative variation -- Selection, epigenetics, and development -- Reprise -- Epilogue -- References -- Acknowledgments -- Index."
schema:description"pt. IV. Enculturation : the transmission and evolution of culture : wherein we come to understand what culture changes -- 23. Paradigms in the study of enculturation -- Laws of learning, expanded -- Culture and personality -- The Whiting model -- Broader cross-cultural analyses -- Extensions and modifications of the model -- Challenges to the role of early experience -- Culture and mind -- Interlude 7 : thinking about the question "how?" -- 24. The culture of infancy and early childhood -- Culture in utero? -- Cross-cultural variation in infant care -- Possible mechanisms of influence -- Language acquisition and language learning -- 25. The culture of subsistence -- Work, play, and cultural transmission -- Children's work in farming cultures -- 26. The culture of middle childhood -- Enculturation among the Gusii of Kenya -- Enculturation processes beyond conventional learning -- Enculturation by children -- Inculcating morality? -- Children and religion -- 27. The culture of gender in childhood and adolescence -- Culture stretches biology -- Cultural tradition in adolescent development -- 28. Evolutionary culture theory -- Cultural macroevolution -- The Meme model and the question of coherence -- Cavalli-Sforza and Feldman -- Lumsden and Wilson -- Boyd and Richerson -- The Durham model -- Defining culture -- Applying the model -- Some models compared -- Interlude 8 : thinking about boys at war -- 29. Universals, adaptation, enculturation, and culture -- Universals of human behavior and culture -- A culture acquisition device -- A model of culture in biological context --"
schema:description"Prologue -- The structure of this book -- Six paradigms -- 1. Introduction -- Some premises -- Some history -- Evolution and modification of behavior -- Evolution of ontogeny in the human animal -- Levels of causation in the explanation of behavior -- pt. I. Evolution : the phylogenetic origins of childhood : wherein we learn how the laws of evolution produced the shape of human social and emotional development -- 2. Paradigms in the evolution of development -- Neo-Darwinian theory--the adaptationist paradigm -- Life history theory -- Evolutionary allometries -- Heterochrony in the phylogeny of development -- The evolution of developmental genes (evo-devo) -- Phyletic reorganization in brain evolution -- Developmental ethology -- Evolutionary developmental psychology -- Interlude 1 : thinking about birdsong -- 3. Brains evolving -- Expansion and organization in brain evolution -- Vertebrate body plans and behavioral advances -- The emergence of mammalian brain and behavior -- Developmental keys to psychosocial evolution -- 4. Ape foundations, human revolution -- Ape evolution and behavior -- Hominin evolution and behavior -- Hominin brain evolution -- Evolving human life histories -- Hominin behavior, social organization, and culture -- 5. The evolution of human brain growth -- Neonatal status and early brain growth -- Humanizing anthropoid brain growth -- Hominin ontogeny -- Heterochrony in hominin evolution -- Transition 1 : neurological models of psychosocial function -- The limbic system model -- The orbitofrontal cortex and the somatic marker hypothesis -- The polyvagal model -- The mirror-neuron system -- Lateralized higher functions -- Imperfect models --"
schema:description"pt. II. Maturation : anatomical bases of psychosocial growth : wherein we see how neural and endocrine systems guide the paths of development called for by natural selection -- 6. Paradigms in the study of psychosocial growth -- The neurogenetics of animal models and human disease -- Neuroembryology -- Developmental neuroendocrinology -- Postnatal brain development -- Developmental behavior genetics -- Neurological individuality -- Interlude 2 : thinking about bipedal walking -- 7. The growth of sociality -- The "fourth trimester" and the presocial baseline -- The rise and fall of early crying -- Smiling and mutual gaze -- 8. The growth of attachment and the social fears -- Universals of human attachment and social fear -- Animal studies -- Biological mechanisms -- 9. The growth of language -- A language acquisition device -- Cross-cultural and other evidence -- Biological foundations -- Early anatomical preparedness -- The role of learning -- 10. The growth of sex and gender differences -- Gender identity -- Sex differences in aggression -- Cross-cultural studies -- Neuroendocrine foundations -- 11. The transition to middle childhood -- An evolutionary approach -- Cognition in middle childhood -- A biological model -- 12. Reproductive behavior and the onset of parenting -- Biological changes in puberty and adolescence -- Is individual age at puberty a facultative adaptation? -- Control of the onset of puberty -- Growth and change in the adolescent brain -- The psychological impact of body changes -- Adolescent hormones in sexuality and aggression -- Cross-cultural regularities -- A role for romantic love? -- Ideals and abstractions -- The onset of parenting--maternal care -- Paternal care and the pair bond -- Interlude 3 : thinking about growing up gay -- Transition 2 : plasticity evolving -- Selection for plasticity and resilience --"
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