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The evolving presidency : landmark documents, 1787-2015

Author: Michael Nelson
Publisher: Thousand Oaks, California : CQ Press, [2016]
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Fifth editionView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:

This is a collection of documents-from speeches and debates to letters and landmark Supreme Court decisions-that demonstrate how the presidency is shaped through both word and deed.

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Genre/Form: History
Sources
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Michael Nelson
ISBN: 9781483368566 1483368564
OCLC Number: 911004600
Description: xviii, 309 pages ; 23 cm
Contents: Preface : a user's guide to The Evolving Presidency --
Topical guide to the documents --
1. Notes of the Federal Convention (1787) / James Madison : offers an account of the convention's decision to create a unitary rather than a plural executive --
2. The Constitution (1787) : the presidency, the main innovation of the Constitutional Convention, is created and its structure and powers outlined --
3. Anti-federalist essays : Objections to this constitution of government / George Mason and Cato's Letter No. 4 (1787) : two opponents of the proposed Constitution warn against the dangers of presidential power --
4. The Federalist Papers, Nos. 69073 (1788) / Alexander Hamilton : a Federalist supporter of the proposed Constitution defends the republican character of the presidency as an energetic office --
5. First Inaugural Address (1789 / George Washington : establishes the model for inaugural addresses --
6. Defense of the President's removal power (1789) / James Madison : persuades Congress that the president should be chief executive of the bureaucracy --
7. The Pacificus-Helvidius letters (1793) / Alexander Hamilton and James Madison : debate the extent of the president's constitutional power in foreign affairs --
8. Farewell Address (1796) : George Washington : marks his retirement from the presidency and looks ahead to the future of the nation --
9. First Inaugural Address (1801) / Thomas Jefferson : despite the contentious way the outcome of the 1800 election is resolved, it marks the first peaceful transfer of power from one party to another --
10. Letter to the Vermont Legislature (1807) / Thomas Jefferson : establishes the two-term tradition for presidents --
11. The Monroe Doctrine (1823) : the primacy of the president in foreign policy making is asserted at a time when the presidency was otherwise weak --
12. The Tennessee General Assembly's protest against the Caucus system (1823) : the stage is set for the demise of the congressional caucus-centered presidential nominating process --
13. First message to Congress (1829) / Andrew Jackson : the first outsider president grounds his authority in "the will of the majority" --
14. Veto of the Bank Bill (1832) / Andrew Jackson : activates the veto as a strong and effective power of the presidency --
15. Message to Congress in Special Session (1861) / Abraham Lincoln : invokes the "war power" to justify his extralegal actions against secession --
16. Letter to Albert G. Hodges (1864) / Abraham Lincoln : defends his use of prerogative power during the Civil War --
17. The Gettysburg Address / Abraham Lincoln : in an effort to give meaning to the war, invokes the Declaration of Independence"s promise of equality and self-government --
18. Second Inaugural Address (1865) / Abraham Lincoln : invokes God's judgement on both sides in the Civil War as the basis for seeking national reconciliation --
19. Ex parte Milligan (1866) : the Supreme Court proves more willing to curb presidential power after a war than during one --
20. Articles of impeachment against Andrew Johnson (1868) : the first president to be impeached is charged with abusing the removal power and defaming Congress through intemperate rhetoric --
21. The Pendleton Act (1883) : in the wake of a presidential assassination, Congress acts to replace the spoils system with a merit-based civil service --
22. Why great men are not chosen president (1888) / Lord James Bryce : a British observer of American government argues that political parties and economic conditions account for the recent paucity of distinguished presidents --
23. Theodore Roosevelt's and William Howard Taft's theories of presidential power (1913, 1916) : two former presidents debate the proper scope of presidential power and leadership --
24. Fourteen Points / Woodrow Wilson (1918) : Wilson attempts to endow the Allied victory in world War I with a moral purpose --
25. Myers v. United States (1926) : The supreme Court broadly interprets the president's constitutional power to remove executive branch officials --
26. First Inaugural Address / Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933) : FDR reassures a desperate nation and asks Congress for "for broad executive power to wage war against the emergency" of economic depression --
27. Humphrey's Executor v. United States (1935) : the Supreme Court restricts the president's removal power --
28. United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. (1936) : the Supreme Court declares that the president is the nation's "sole organ in the field of international relations" --
29. "Court-packing" Address / Franklin D. Roosevelt (1937) : FDR overreaches by attacking the Supreme Court and, int the process, sparks the creation of the "conservative coalition" in Congress --
30. Report of the Brownlow Committee (1937) : the committee's recommendations lay the foundation for the modern White House staff. 31. Executive Order on Japanese American Internment / Franklin D. Roosevelt (1942) : in the wake of post-Pearl Harbor panic, the president authorized the internment of Japanese Americans --
32. The Truman Doctrine (1947) : Truman persuades Congress and the country to contain Soviet expansion in Greece, Turkey, and beyond --
33. Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952) : Justice Hugo L. Black's opinion of the Court and Justice Robert H. Jackson's concurring opinion take different approaches to restraining presidential power --
34. Little Rock Executive Order / Dwight D. Eisenhower (1957) : Eisenhower used the president's "executive" and "take care" powers to enforce the integration of an Arkansas high school --
35. Inaugural Address / John F. Kennedy (1961) : the young president calls on the nation to "support any friend, oppose any foe" in the Cold War --
36. The Cuban missile crisis : letter to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev (1962 / John F. Kennedy : crisis decision making resolves the most dangerous international confrontation in history --
37. "Great Society" speech (1964) / Lyndon B. Johnson : Johnson rouses public support for his ambitious domestic agenda --
38. Gulf of Tonkin message (1964) / Lyndon B. Johnson : Congress writes a blank check to the president to wage war in Vietnam --
39. "Equality of Result" speech (1965) / Lyndon B. Johnson : in a commencement address at Howard University, Johnson makes a case for affirmative action --
40. China trip announcement (1971) / Richard Nixon : the ultimate anticommunist uses secret diplomacy to open a relationship with the People's Republic of China --
41. The McGovern-Fraser Commission Report (1971) : the modern presidential nominating process takes shape --
42. The War Powers Resolution (1973) : Congress tries to reclaim the war power from the president --
43. Proposed Articles of Impeachment against Richard Nixon (1974) : the Watergate crisis brings down the president and his closest advisers --
44. United States vs. Nixon (1974) : the Supreme Court acknowledges but limits executive privilege --
45. Pardon of Richard Nixon (1974) : Gerald R. Ford : Ford jeopardizes his political standing by exercising the president's only unchecked constitutional power on behalf of his predecessor --
46. Memo to Jimmy Carter on the role of the Vice President (1976) / Walter F. Mondale : Mondale persuades Carter to define and expand the role of the vice president in ways that have endured ever since --
47. "Crisis of Confidence" speech (1979) / Jimmy Carter : a president elected by praising the people blames them for the problems of his administration --
48. First Inaugural Address (1981) / Ronald Reagan : Reagan ushers in an era by declaring that "government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem" --
49. Clinton v. City of New York (1998) : the Supreme Court declares the line-item veto unconstitutional --
50. Articles of Impeachment against Bill Clinton (1998) : Clinton is impeached by the House and acquitted by the Senate for actions stemming from his sexual relationship with a White House intern --
51. Bush v. Gore : a bitterly close presidential is decided by a bitterly divided Supreme Court --
52. War on Terrorism Address (2001) / George W. Bush : in response to the September 11 attacks, Bush commits his administration to fighting international terrorism --
53. The Bush Doctrine (2002) : in preparation for war against Iraq, bush announces a new approach to foreign policy --
54. Signing Statement for the Defense Supplemental Appropriations Act (2005) / George W. Bush : Bush's signing statements manifest the"unitary executive" theory, which extends the boundaries of presidential power --
55. Hamadan v. Rumsfeld (2006) : an adverse ruling from the Supreme Court leads Bush to ask Congress for legislation authorizing military tribunals to try suspected non-uniformed enemy combatants in the war on terrorism --
56. Campaign Speech on Race in America (2008) / Barack Obama : while campaigning for the presidency, Obama addresses the troubling issue of race in American life --
57. Health Care Address (2009) / Barack Obama : in an effort to capture public support for his health care reform initiative, Obama explains and defends his proposal in a speech to Congress and the nation --
58. National Labor Relations Board vs. Noel Canning et al. (2014) : the Supreme Court offers a mixed verdict in the controversy between the president and Congress over recess appointments --
59. State of the Union Address (2015) / Barack Obama : Obama, like all of his fellow presidents in the post-World War II era in the final two years in office, tries to set the agenda for an opposition party-controlled Congress.
Responsibility: Michael Nelson, editor Rhodes College.

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"This book is a great source of primary documents. I also like that each document is preceded by background information which provides context and meaning for students." -- Ronald Lee, Rockford Read more...

 
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