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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Organization, World Health.
Evolving Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance : Options for Action.
Geneva : World Health Organization, ©2012
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
World Health Organization
|Description:||1 online resource (127 pages).|
|Contents:||COVER; Copyright; Acknowledgements; Foreword; Abbreviations; Abbreviations; Contents; Contents; Chapter 1. The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance --
Introduction; AMR as a public health concern; WHO guidance and actions on AMR; Examining five domains targeted for AMR containment; Chapter 2. Surveillance to track antimicrobial use and resistance; Summary; 1. How surveillance helps to contain AMR; 2. WHO guidance on surveillance to contain AMR; 3. The present position regarding these recommendations; 3.1 Methods for surveillance of antimicrobial use and resistance. 3.2 Examples of surveillance of use and resistance worldwide3.3 Laboratory capacity building for AMR surveillance; 3.4 Surveillance data used at national and international levels; 4. Harm to patients and society due to AMR; 5. Gaps and challenges; Chapter 3. Measures to ensure better use of antibiotics; Summary; 1. How rational drug use helps to reduce AMR; 2. WHO guidance on rational use to contain AMR; 3. The present position regarding these recommendations; 3.1 A system-wide perspective to promote rational use; 3.2 Health care facility-level interventions to improve antimicrobial use. 3.3 Civil society engagement to reduce the misuse of antibiotics3.4 International initiatives to infl uence rational use; 4. Gaps and challenges; Chapter 4. Reducing the use of antibiotics in animal husbandry; Summary; 1. Reducing antimicrobial use in animal husbandry to reduce AMR; 2. WHO guidance on reducing antimicrobial use in animal husbandry; 3. The present position regarding these recommendations; 3.1 Increasing recognition of the problem of AMR through food of animal origin; 3.2 Antimicrobial use in food production; 3.3 Actions being taken worldwide; 4. Gaps and challenges. Chapter 5. Infection prevention and control in health-care facilitiesSummary; 1. Infection prevention and control within health-care facilities to contain AMR; 2. WHO guidance on infection prevention and control to contain AMR; 3. The present position regarding these recommendations; 3.1 Implementing IPC core elements in health-care facilities worldwide; 3.2 Implementation of measures and impacton AMR pathogens; 3.3 Surveillance of AMR; 3.4 Innovations in IPC; 3.5 National coordinated IPC programmes andnetworks; 3.6 Regulations and incentives related to IPC; 4. Gaps and challenges. Chapter 6. Fostering innovation to combat antimicrobial resistanceSummary; 1. The need for innovations in several domains; 2. WHO guidance on innovations to contain AMR; 3. The present position regarding these recommendations; 3.1 Overview of the drugs, diagnostics andvaccines pipeline; 3.2 Creating an enabling environment forR & D and innovations to improve acces; 4. Gaps and challenges; Chapter 7. The way forward: political commitment to enable options for action; References; Appendices; Appendix 1; Appendix 2; List of authors, contributors andreviewers.
|Series Title:||Documents for Sale.|