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An examination of the place of reason in ethics,

Author: Stephen Toulmin
Publisher: Cambridge [England] University Press [1960].
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 1st pbk. edView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Stephen Toulmin
ISBN: 0521066433 9780521066433 0521091160 9780521091169
OCLC Number: 1375518
Description: xiv, 228 pages 22 cm
Contents: 1. The problem : 1.1 How ought one to approach the problem? ; 1.2 The traditional method 2. The objective approach : 2.1 Three types of property ; 2.2 Simple qualities ; 2.3 Complex qualities ; 2.4 Is goodness a directly-perceived property? ; 2.5 The scope of ethical disagreements ; 2.6 Is goodness a 'non-natural' property? ; 2.7 Goodness not a directly-perceived property ; 2.8 The sources of the objective doctrine --
3. The subjective approach : 3.1 Subjective relations ; 3.2 Are ethical concepts subjective relations ?; 3.3 The variations in ethical standards ; 3.4 The theory of attitudes ; 3.5 The fatal weakness of the subjective approach ; 3.6 The deceptively scientific air of this theory ; 3.7 The common source of the objective and subjective doctrines ; 3.8 The deeper sources of these fallacies --
4. The imperative approach : 4.1 The rhetorical force of ethical judgments ; 4.2 The impossibility of disputing about exclamations ; 4.3 Are ethical sentences ejaculations? ; 4.4 The weaknesses of the imperative approach ; 4.5 The sources of the imperative doctrine ; 4.6 The apparent cynicism of the imperative doctrine ; 4.7 Conclusion --
5. Interlude: a change of method : 5.1 Vale ; 5.2 Et salve II. Logic and life : 6. Reasoning and its uses : 6.1 Widening the problem: What is 'reasoning'? ; 6.2 'Gerundive' concepts ; 6.3 Philosophical theories of truth ; 6.4 The 'correspondence' theory of truth ; 6.5 Correspondence and 'description' ; 6.6 Playing with words ; 6.7 The versatility of reason ; 6.8 A new approach to our problem --
7. Experience and explanation : 7.1 The desire for an explanation ; 7.2 Explanation and expectation ; 7.3 The scientific limitations of everyday concepts ; 7.4 The development of scientific theories and concepts (I) ; 7.5 The development of scientific theories and concepts (II) ;7.6 The scope of scientific explanation ; 7.7 The 'justification' of science --
8. Reasoning and reality : 8.1 'Modes of reasoning' ; 8.2 The concept of 'reality' ; 8.3 'Reality' and explanation ; 8.4 The limits of 'physical reality' (1) ;8.5 The limits of 'physical reality' (II) ; 8.6 The limits of 'physical reality' (III) ; 8.7 The contrast between scientific and everyday judgments ; 8.8 The independence of different modes of reasoning ; 8.9 More unnecessary work for philosophy III. The nature of ethics : 9. Introduction: Is ethics a science? : 9.1 Physical and moral 'reality' ; 9.2 'Disposition' and the function of ethics ; 9.3 Conclusion --
10. The function and development of ethics : 10.1 The question at issue ; 10.2 The notion of 'duty' ; 10.3 The development of ethics (I) ; 10.4 The development of ethics (II) --
11. The logic of moral reasoning : 11.1 Questions about the rightness of actions ; 11.2 Reasoning about the rightness of actions ; 11.3 Conflicts of duties ; 11.4 Reasoning about the justice of social practices ; 11.5 The two kinds of moral reasoning ; 11.6 The limited scope of comparisons between social practices ; 11.7 The limits to the analysis of ethical concepts ; 11.8 The limits to questions about the rightness of actions ; 11.9 Is any 'justification' of ethics needed? ; 11.10 Reason and self-love --
12. Ethics and Society : 12.1 Ethics and language; 12.2 Equity in moral reasoning; 12.3 Self-command in ethics; 12.4 Ethics and social institutions; 12.5 Ethics and engineering ; 12.6 Ethics and psychology ; 12.7 The task of the moralist IV. The boundaries of reason : 13. Philosophical Ethics : 13.1 Stocktaking ; 13.2 Return to philosophical ethics ; 13.3 The compatibility of opposed 'ethical theories' ; 13.4 Ethical theories as disguised comparisons ; 13.5 Theory and description in philosophical ethics ; 13.6 Ethical theories as rhetoric ; 13.7 Ethical theories: rhetoric and reason --
14. Reason and Faith: 14.1 The finite scope of reasoning ; 14.2 'Limiting' questions ; 14.3 The peculiarities of 'limiting questions' ; 14.4 The importance of 'limiting questions' ; 14.5 Matters of faith ; 14.6 Spiritual and literal interpretations ; 14.7 Faith and reason in ethics ; 14.8 The independence of ethics and religion --
15. Summary and epilogue.
Other Titles: Reason in ethics
Responsibility: by Stephen Edelston Toulmin.

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