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Executive officer files, 1917-1993.

Author: American Iron and Steel Institute.
Edition/Format:   Archival material : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Executive officer files are fragmentary. A small file from the Washington office describes the Institute's activities coordinating the steel industry during World War I. Records of the Engineering Division describe the developments of new codes and standards; the competition posed by plastics as a substitute for metals and between steel and wood as a building material; the use of robotics in the 1980s; and a
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Named Person: Thurman Wesley Arnold; George Leonard Berry; B D Broeker; E Fontaine Brown; Grover C Brown; Clarence Darrow; Benjamin F Fairless; E A Filene; Tom M Girdler; Eugene G Grace; W A Irvin; Albert Kahn; Chester A McLain; H A Moore; J Leonard Replogle; W W Robison; Franklin D Roosevelt; Charles M Schwab; Walter Sheldon Tower; Richard H Wilmer
Document Type: Archival Material
All Authors / Contributors: American Iron and Steel Institute.
OCLC Number: 122567893
Description: 47 linear ft.

Abstract:

Executive officer files are fragmentary. A small file from the Washington office describes the Institute's activities coordinating the steel industry during World War I. Records of the Engineering Division describe the developments of new codes and standards; the competition posed by plastics as a substitute for metals and between steel and wood as a building material; the use of robotics in the 1980s; and a survey of safety in sheet mills.

Files of the General Counsel & Secretary describe attempts during the Carter, Reagan and Bush Administrations to reduce imports of cheap foreign steel and the rash of American plant closings. There is also a report on unionism in the American steel industry by the European Social Initiatives and Research Institute. Files of the Vice President-Industrial Relations deal with matters of industrial health and safety, noise control, and pollution abatement, including documents from the EPA, WHO, the International Labour Organisation, and environmental studies of Japanese steel plants. The executive files also include drafts of the Institute's 1993 strategic plan and files on the "Steel Fellows" program (1970-1989).

The bulk of the executive files are those of outside counsel Cravath, de Gersdorf, Swaine & Wood, who advised the Institute on many important programs beginning in the early days of the New Deal. The major topic documented is the preparation and administration of the "Code of Fair Competition" for the steel industry under the NIRA. In addition to minutes, agendas, drafts, and resolutions relating to the code and its enforcement, there is information on the codes in other industries (particularly construction), complaints against the steel code, investigations by the FTC and Justice Dept., NRA posters, and relevant material in antitrust law. The files also contain minutes, agendas, reports and press releases from the Council of Industrial Progress (1936-1937).

Another major topic is the basing-point system of pricing which was in force in the steel industry from 1903 until it was finall outlawed by the Supreme Court in 1948. The files contain copies of various tariffs as well as extensive coverage of an FTC investigation of the basing-point systemin the cement industry.

The Cravath files also document the Institute's response to a wide range of other New Deal legislation, including the Social Security Act; the Public Utility Holding Company Act; the Wagner Act - particularly the struggle to amend it in 1939-40; the O'Mahoney Bill for federal licensing of corporations; the Robinson-Patman Act; the Walsh-Healey Act; the Fair Labor Standards Act; and the 1939 monopoly investigation of the steel industry. Post-New Deal developments include the creation of the National Wage Stabilization Board and War Labor Board during World War II, the stainless steel investigation of 1944-45, and the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946.

The files also contain a great deal of information of regular Institute business, including copies of minutes, agendas, press releases (1934-1959), speeches, booklets, manuals, and specifications. Files on the Building Code Committee document attempts to have local building codes revised to permit greater use of light steel. There are reports and memos on the CIO organizing drives of the late 1930s, copies of union contracts signed with the United Steelworkers between 1942 and 1944, and a file on a New York exhibit of stainless steel architectural elements designed by the noted architects Kahn & Jacobs.

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