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Experimental philosophy, rationalism, and naturalism : rethinking philosophical method

Author: Eugen Fischer; John Collins
Publisher: New York : Routledge, 2015.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Experimental philosophy is one of the most exciting and controversial philosophical movements today. This book explores how it is reshaping thought about philosophical method. Experimental philosophy imports experimental methods and findings from psychology into philosophy. These fresh resources can be used to develop and defend both armchair methods and naturalist approaches, on an empirical basis. This outstanding  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Fischer, Eugen
Experimental Philosophy, Rationalism, and Naturalism : Rethinking Philosophical Method
Hoboken : Taylor and Francis,c2015
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Eugen Fischer; John Collins
ISBN: 9781317500278 131750027X
OCLC Number: 908103373
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; List of contributors; Acknowledgements; Introduction; Rationalism and naturalism in the age of experimental philosophy; The volume: synopsis ; Part I: The armchair and naturalism; 1. The nature of a priori intuitions: analytic or synthetic?; 1 How is a priori knowledge possible?; 2 Analytic-synthetic mistrust; 3 Analyticity; 4 Quine on theories; 5 Analytic Carnap sentences and synthetic Ramsey sentences; 6 The analytic horn of the dilemma; 7 The Canberra plan; 8 The synthetic horn; 9 Intuitions without explanation 10 A priori tradition11 The problems of philosophy; References; 2. Understanding the question: philosophy and its history; 1 Introduction; 2 Tradition: texts and interpretation; 3 Making sense of philosophical questions; 4 Conclusion; References; 3. Naturalism without metaphysics ; 1 Introduction; 2 Metaphysical naturalism; 3 The Hempel-Chomsky problem for physicalism; 4 Metaphysics saved?; 5 Concluding remarks; References; 4. Philosophical insights and modal cognition; 1 Introduction; 2 Kripke's critique of Kant's pure modal rationalism; 3 Ambitious modal rationalism 4 Ambitious modal rationalism and the nature of philosophical insights5 A challenge to ambitious modal rationalism; 6 Consequences for the ambitious methodological rationalist picture of philosophical insights; 7 An alternative path for modest rationalists; 8 Concluding remarks; References; 5. Thought experiments, concepts, and conceptions; 1 Introduction; 2 A simple view of thought experiments, and a challenge; 3 The psychology of (the application of) concepts; 4 Learning to apply concepts; 5 Conclusion; References; 6. Naturalistic defenses of intuition; 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; References Part II: Varieties of experimental philosophy7. Humans as instruments: or, the inevitability of experimentalphilosophy; 1 Introduction: humans as philosophical instruments (for better or for worse); 2 Two strategies for error management; 3 The inevitability of experimental philosophy: sources; 4 The inevitability of experimental philosophy: inferences; 5 Epistemic profiles and experimental philosophy; References; 8. The illusion of expertise; 1 The conceptual expertise hypothesis; 2 Against the conceptual expertise hypothesis; 3 The illusion of expertise; 4 Conclusion: a call for humility
Responsibility: edited by Eugen Fischer and John Collins.

Abstract:

Experimental philosophy is one of the most exciting and controversial philosophical movements today. This book explores how it is reshaping thought about philosophical method. Experimental philosophy imports experimental methods and findings from psychology into philosophy. These fresh resources can be used to develop and defend both armchair methods and naturalist approaches, on an empirical basis. This outstanding collection brings together leading proponents of this new meta-philosophical naturalism, from within and beyond experimental philosophy. They explore how the empirical study of phi.

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'Just when it seemed like the metaphilosophical controversies about experimental philosophy were about to die down, this timely and valuable volume reminds us that many of the crucial questions are Read more...

 
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