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Exploring earth : an introduction to physical geology

Author: Jon P Davidson; Walter E Reed; Paul M Davis
Publisher: Upper Saddle River, NJ : Prentice Hall, ©2002.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats

By employing plate tectonics as its central and unifying theme, this book takes an integrative and process-oriented approach in presenting the physical geology topics. It features: an art program  Read more...


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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Davidson, Jon P.
Exploring earth.
Upper Saddle River, NJ : Prentice Hall, ©2002
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Jon P Davidson; Walter E Reed; Paul M Davis
ISBN: 0130183725 9780130183729
OCLC Number: 45917172
Notes: Includes index.
Description: xxii, 549 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 28 cm
Contents: (NOTE: Each chapter begins with Overview and Introduction and concludes with Summary, Key Terms, and Questions for Review and Further Thought.)I: PLANET EARTH: ACTING AND INTERACTING. 1. The Changing Planet: Earth as a System. Understanding Earth: The Question of Scale. Geologic Time: An Important Perspective. A Process Approach to Physical Geology. Focus 1.1: Earth Systems and Connections: Can Plate Tectonics Cause Ice Ages? Focus 1.2: A Matter of Perspective: Big and Small Numbers. Focus 1.3: The Philosophy of Science.2. Earth: Origin and Composition. The Composition of the Universe. The Building Blocks of the Universe. Our Solar System. The Planet Earth. The Future of Earth and Our Solar System. Focus 2.1: A Chemistry Refresher: Atoms and Molecules. Focus 2.2: The Doppler Shift: Evidence for the Expanding Universe and Other Solar Systems. Focus 2.3: Impacts and Their Effects on Earth. Focus 2.4: Planetary Density. Focus 2.5: The Moon.II: COMPOSITION AND TIME. 3. Minerals: The Building Blocks of Rocks. What Is a Mineral? Crystals. Mineral Properties. Mineral Groups. Distribution of Elements and Minerals in Earth. Focus 3.1: A Chemistry Refresher: Atoms and the Periodic Table. Focus 3.2: Determining Crystal Structures and Compositions. Focus 3.3: Mineral Stability and Phase Diagrams. Focus 3.4: Thin Sections.4. The Cornerstones of Geology: Rocks! Igneous Rocks. Sedimentary Rocks. Metamorphic Rocks. The Rock Cycle. Focus 4.1: Simulating Earths' Interior. Focus 4.2: Crystallization of Lava: The Hawaiian Lava Lake. Focus 4.3: Determining Metamorphic Pressures and Temperatures. Focus 4.4: Getting Information from Rocks: Observation and Interpretation.5. Earth Processes: Physical Principles. Seismic Waves. Velocity Variations within Earth. Gravity and Isostasy. Geomagnetism. Focus 5.1: The Velocities of Seismic Waves. Focus 5.2: Isostasy: Controls on Surface Elevation. Focus 5.3: Magnetic Fields in Space.6. The Perspective of Geologic Time. The Age of Earth. Dating the Geologic Record. Radioactive Dating. Focus 6.1: Meteorite Impacts and Mass Extinctions. Focus 6.2: Dating Rocks, Minerals, and Other Materials Using Isotopes. Focus 6.3: Carbon Dating and Its Uses.III: EARTH DYNAMICS. 7. Plate Tectonics. Continental Drift: The Beginnings of the Idea. Plate Tectonics: A Unifying Theory. The Rock Record: Fossils, Climate, and Continents. Plates and Plate Boundaries. A Plate-Tectonic Link to Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Topography of the Lithosphere. What Drives Plate Motions? Plumes, Subducted Slabs, and the Workings of Place Tectonics. Plate Motions through Geologic Time. Ocean Basin Depths and Satellite Altimetry. Focus 7.1: The Nature of the Low-Velocity Zone. Focus 7.2: The San Andreas Fault, California. Focus 7.3: Hawaii: An Example of Intraplate Magmatism. Focus 7.4: Vector Notation for Plate Motion.8. Deformation, Earthquakes, and Formation of Geologic Structures. Crustal Deformation. Geologic Structures. Earthquakes. Plate Motions and Earthquakes. Intraplate Deformation. The Volcano Deformation Cycle. Focus 8.1: Calculation of Moment Magnitude. Focus 8.2: Prediction of the Haicheng Earthquake of 1975. Focus 8.3: The Loma Prieta Earthquake. Volcanic Deformation in Hawaii.9. Making and Breaking Plates. Rifts: Windows to the Mantle. Oceanic Rifting. Transform Margins. Continental Rifting. Focus 9.1: The East Pacific Rise and Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Focus 9.2: The Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Focus 9.3: The Salton Trough of California. Focus 9.4: Continental Rifting: The East African Rift.10. Destroying Plates and Building Continents. Convergent Plate Margins: Structure and Dynamics. Building Continents. Focus 10.1: The Andes and the Lesser Antilles: A Continental Arc and an Oceanic Arc. Focus 10.2: The Continental Collision between India and Asia and the Building of the Himalayas.IV: SHAPING OF EARTH. 11. Earth's Water. Properties of Water. Water in the Solar System. Water and Plate Tectonics. Water Cycles. Fresh Water. Our Need for Water. Focus 11.1: Water beyond Earth. Focus 11.2: Water Movement. Focus 11.3: Saltwater and Freshwater Isostasy.12. The Formation of Sediments: Weathering. Physical Weathering: The Disaggregation of Rocks into Sediment. Chemical Weathering: Oxidation, Hydration, and Hydrolysis of Minerals. Weathering and Plate-Tectonic Setting. The Role of Climate in Weathering. Focus 12.1: Acids and Minerals. Focus 12.2: Why Is the Ocean Salty?13. Sedimentary Systems: Transportation and Deposition of Sediments. Transportation of Sediments. Deposition of Sediments. Tectonic Control on Sedimentary Processes and Depositional Environments. Focus 13.1: Controls on Settling Velocities of Grains.14. Geomorphology: The Study of Landforms. Mass Wasting. Shaping the Surface: The Hydrologic Cycle. Fluvial Geomorphology. Glaciers. Deserts. Coasts. Volcanic Islands. Geomorphology at Passive and Active Continental Margins. Focus 14.1: Fractals and Scale Invariance in Geology. Focus 14.2: The Physics of Mass Wasting. Focus 14.3: Ice Ages.V: EARTH AND ENVIRONMENT. 15. Geologic Hazards and the Environment. Earthquakes: Where the Dangers Are. Volcanic Hazards. Landslides. Flooding. Coastal Erosion Problems. Pollution. The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming. The Ozone Hole. Focus 15.1: A Comparison of Two Earthquakes: At a Subduction Zone and in a Plate Interior. Focus 15.2: The Eruption of Mount St. Helens. Focus 15.3: The Antarctic Ozone Hole.16. Earth Resources. Mineral Resources. Mineral Deposits. Fossil Fuels. Estimating the Time Until Nonrenewable Resources Will Run Out. Focus 16.1: Uranium Ore and Nuclear Energy. Focus 16.2: How Plate Tectonics Redistributes Mineral and Organic Resources. Focus 16.3: Resources from Space.Appendix I: Conversion Tables. Appendix II: Geologic Time Scale. Appendix III: The Periodic Table of the Elements. Appendix IV: Common Minerals and Their Properties. Appendix V: Rock Types, Descriptions, and Examples. Appendix VI: Earth Statistics. Glossary. Photo Credits. Index.
Responsibility: Jon P. Davidson, Walter E. Reed, Paul M. Davis.


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