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Factors associated with risk of malnutrition among elderly patients in the out-patient department of the two main hospitals of Maldives

Author: Asiya Abdul Raheem.
Publisher: 2014.
Dissertation: Project paper (B.Sc (Dietetics)) - Universiti Putra Malaysia, 2014.
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : English
Summary:
Malnutrition is common in the elderly population, and the prevalence of malnutrition among Maldivian elderly patients is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of malnutrition, and its associated factors among elderly patients in the out-patient department of the two main hospitalsin Maldives. A crosssectional study was conducted among 74 elderly subjects of age 60 to 88 (mean 77.23±7.06)  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Thesis/dissertation
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Asiya Abdul Raheem.
OCLC Number: 975196958
Description: 65 leaves : ill. ; 30cm.
Other Titles: Faktor yang berkaitan dengan risiko malpemakanan dalam kalangan pesakit warga tua di jabatan pesakit luar di dua buah hospital utama maldives.
Responsibility: Asiya Abdul Raheem.

Abstract:

Malnutrition is common in the elderly population, and the prevalence of malnutrition among Maldivian elderly patients is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of malnutrition, and its associated factors among elderly patients in the out-patient department of the two main hospitalsin Maldives. A crosssectional study was conducted among 74 elderly subjects of age 60 to 88 (mean 77.23±7.06) years,in out-patient department (OPD)of Indira Gandhi Memorial Hospital (IGMH) and ADK hospital who visited for medical purposes. Risk of malnutrition was screened using MNA-SF. Socio-demograpllic and health-related information was collected by self-developed pre-tested questions. Other information were collected using 15-item Geriatric Depression scale (GDS-15) for depressive symptoms, 10-item Barthel's index for Activities of Daily Living (ADL), 8-item Lawton and Brody Scale for Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (lADL), and Elderly Cognitive Assessment Questionnaire (ECAQ) for cognitive functioning.Anthropometric data were collected using instruments in the hospitals.17.6 % were categorized as malnourished and 40.5% at the risk of malnutrition. Presence of acute illnesses was the only health-related factor to have an association with risk of malnutrition p = 0.04). ADL (r= 0.36, p < 0.001) and IADL (r= 0.47, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with risk of malnutrition. Body Mass Index (r= 0.24, p = 0.04). Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (r= 0.37, p <0.005), and Calf Circumference (r= 0.45. p < 0.001) were significantly associated with risk of malnutrition.Risk of malnutrition in this study population was very high. Presence of acute illness, and impaired ADL. and IADL were the risk factors of malnutrition. MNA-SF was correlated with anthropometric data; hence, effective in predicting risk of malnutrition.

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