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|All Authors / Contributors:||Bradley B Compton; Richard J Mackie; Gary L Dusek|
|Notes:||Fig. 1. Density of white-tailed deer between the Elk Island Wildlife Management and Recreation Area (EIWMA) and Glendive along the lower Yellowstone River, Montana, 1985.|
We evaluated factors influencing distribution of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) along the lower Yellowstone River in eastern Montana during winter, summer, and fall, 1985. We determined relationships between distribution of deer, riparian vegetation, and land use practices using regression analysis. The amount of riparian forest and shrubland cover was the most important factor (P < 0.0001) influencing deer distribution and accounted for 70% of the variation observed in relative deer abundance among sections of river bottom. Cattle distribution and amount of island area also influenced distribution of deer.