Edward T O'Neill; Eric Childress; Rebecca J Dean; Kerre Kammerer; Diane Vizine-Goetz; Lois Mai Chan; Lynne M El-Hoshy
In: Subject retrieval in a networked environment: proceedings of the IFLA Satellite Meeting held in Dublin, OH, 14-16 August 2001 and sponsored by the IFLA Classification and Indexing Section, the IFLA Information Technology Section, and OCLC. (München: K.G. Saur, 2003), p. 140-146.
Author affiliations: O'Neill, Childress, Dean, Kammerer, Vizine-Goetz (OCLC Research); Chan (University of Kentucky); El-Hoshy (Library of Congress).
|责任：||Edward T. O'Neill, Eric Childress, Rebecca Dean, Kerre Kammerer, Diane Vizine-Goetz, Lois Mai Chan, Lynne El-Hoshy.|
The Library of Congress Subject Headings schema (LCSH) is by far the most commonly used and widely accepted subject vocabulary for general application. It is the de facto universal controlled vocabulary and has been a model for developing subject heading systems by many countries. However, LCSH's complex syntax and rules for constructing headings restrict its application by requiring highly skilled personnel and limit the effectiveness of automated authority control. Recent trends, driven to a large extent by the rapid growth of the Web, are forcing changes in bibliographic control systems to make them easier to use, understand, and apply, and subject headings are no exception. The purpose of adapting LCSH with a simplified syntax to create FAST is to retain the very rich vocabulary of LCSH while making the schema easier to understand, control, apply, and use. The schema maintains upward compatibility with LCSH, and any valid set of LC subject headings can be converted to FAST headings.