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Female employment and fertility in rural China

Author: Hai Fang; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2010.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 15886.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Data on 2,288 married women from the 2006 China Health and Nutrition Survey are deployed to study how off-farm female employment affects fertility. Such employment reduces a married woman's actual number of children by 0.64, her preferred number by 0.48, and her probability of having more than one child by 54.8 percent. Causality flows in both directions; hence, we use well validated instrumental variables to  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Female employment and fertility in rural China.
Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2010
(DLC) 2010655831
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Hai Fang; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 605974682
Description: 1 online resource (46 pages).
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 15886.
Responsibility: Hai Fang [and others].

Abstract:

Data on 2,288 married women from the 2006 China Health and Nutrition Survey are deployed to study how off-farm female employment affects fertility. Such employment reduces a married woman's actual number of children by 0.64, her preferred number by 0.48, and her probability of having more than one child by 54.8 percent. Causality flows in both directions; hence, we use well validated instrumental variables to estimate employment status. China has deep concerns with both female employment and population size. Moreover, female employment is growing quickly. Hence, its implications for fertility must be understood. Ramifications for China's one-child policy are discussed.

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