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Fire behavior in black spruce-lichen woodland : the Porter Lake project

Author: Martin E Alexander; B D Lawson; Brian J Stocks; Northern Forestry Centre (Canada)
Publisher: [Edmonton] : Northern Forestry Centre, 1991.
Series: Information report (Northern Forestry Centre (Canada)), NOR-X-310.
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The behavior of single point-ignition and line-ignition experimental fires was studied in upland black spruce (Picea mariana [Mill.] B.S.P.)lichen (Stereocaulon paschale [L.] Hoffm.) woodland stands at Porter Lake in the Caribou Range of the Northwest Territories (N.W.T.) from June 26 to July 8, 1982. The experimental burning project objective was to relate the head fire rate of spread (ROS) in this fuel type to the  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Alexander, Martin E.
Fire behavior in black spruce-lichen woodland.
[Edmonton] : Northern Forestry Centre, 1991
(OCoLC)690471194
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Martin E Alexander; B D Lawson; Brian J Stocks; Northern Forestry Centre (Canada)
ISBN: 0662175085 9780662175087
OCLC Number: 25372881
Notes: Includes an abstract in French.
Summary in French.
Description: x, 44 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Series Title: Information report (Northern Forestry Centre (Canada)), NOR-X-310.
Other Titles: The Porter Lake project.
Responsibility: M.E. Alexander, B.J. Stocks, and B.D. Lawson.

Abstract:

The behavior of single point-ignition and line-ignition experimental fires was studied in upland black spruce (Picea mariana [Mill.] B.S.P.)lichen (Stereocaulon paschale [L.] Hoffm.) woodland stands at Porter Lake in the Caribou Range of the Northwest Territories (N.W.T.) from June 26 to July 8, 1982. The experimental burning project objective was to relate the head fire rate of spread (ROS) in this fuel type to the Initial Spread Index (ISI) component of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System. The experimental fire plots varied from 0.02 to 0.65 ha in size. The live tree overstory averaged about 1200 stems/ha and 5.0 m in height. The lichen layer averaged about 3.5 cm in depth. Three point-ignition fires, seven line-ignition fires, and one wildfire (CR-6-82) were documented over a wide range of burning conditions. The ensuing fire behavior varied from creeping surface fires to full-fledged crown fires. Head fire spread rates from 0.6 to 51.4 m/min were observed and frontal fire intensities of nearly 33,000 kW/m were attained. A relationship for equilibrium fire spread in black sprucelichen woodland stands was established. The experimental fire data gathered during the Porter Lake project presently forms the basis for the quantitative prediction of fire behavior in the sprucelichen woodland fuel type as currently incorporated into the system of forest fire danger rating used in Canada.

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